Burkina Faso Population 2020 (Live)

20,834,688

Burkina Faso’s population is 20.9 million people for 2020. According to current projections, its population is expected to surpass 50 million people in 2058 and will reach a population of 82.61 million people by 2099. Burkina Faso’s population will be almost four times higher at the end of the century than it is in 2020.

Burkina Faso’s population grew 2.86% from 2019 to 2020, adding about 582,000 people to the population. Although the country has negative net migration, the high fertility rate of 5.23 births per woman allows the country’s population to continue growing.

Almost half of the population is under 15 years old and the median age of the population is 17.6 years. While contraceptive education has increased in Burkina Faso, usage is still very low.

The current population of Burkina Faso is 20,834,688, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 20,903,273.

Burkina Faso Growth Rate

Burkina Faso Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Ouagadougou1,086,505
Bobo-Dioulasso360,106
Koudougou87,347
Ouahigouya61,096
Banfora60,288
Dedougou45,341
Kaya39,229
Dori37,806
Tenkodogo37,658
Reo37,535

Burkina Faso Area and Population Density

Burkina Faso's population is growing rapidly. The 2006 census found a population of 14 million, which has already grown to almost 18 million. The country does have a low population density, however, of just 57 people per square kilometer, which ranks 145th in the world.

Most of the population is located in the center and south of Burkina Faso, with a density that goes over 48 people per square kilometer in some areas. Hundreds of thousands of people regularly migrate to Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire for seasonal work.

Largest Cities in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has a relatively low urban population, with 30.69% of the population living in cities. The capital and largest city is Ouagadougou, or just Ouaga, with a population of 1.8 million, which covers 84.7 square miles. Bobo-Diolasso is the next most sizable city, with a population of 537,728 over 52.81 square miles. Aside from these two urban centers, there aren't any other cities with populations much over 100,000.

Burkina Faso Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202020,903,2732.86%76.4059134
201920,321,3782.89%74.2759136
201819,751,4662.91%72.1959138
201719,193,2342.93%70.1560138
201618,646,3572.96%68.1560141
201518,110,6243.02%66.1960143
201015,605,2173.06%57.0464147
200513,421,9302.95%49.0665148
200011,607,9422.84%42.4367153
199510,089,8782.75%36.8873157
19908,811,0342.66%32.2077160
19857,727,9072.52%28.2577160
19806,822,8432.08%24.9478160
19756,154,5451.82%22.4980159
19705,624,6001.68%20.5677155
19655,174,8701.39%18.9176155
19604,829,2881.35%17.6574152
19554,517,1551.06%16.5174150
19504,284,4610.00%15.6673146

Burkina Faso Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202020,903,2732.86%76.4059134
202523,995,1492.80%87.7057125
203027,404,0392.69%100.1656122
203531,106,1392.57%113.6955111
204035,051,0122.42%128.1154104
204539,175,6242.25%143.195299
205043,432,1842.08%158.744995
205547,762,3491.92%174.574490
206052,151,5731.77%190.614286
206556,562,1861.64%206.734181
207060,921,1581.50%222.673973
207565,184,0361.36%238.253770
208069,275,6671.23%253.203565
208573,158,6571.10%267.393563
209076,791,1200.97%280.673259
209580,146,8050.86%292.932957

Burkina Faso Population by Year (Projections)

Burkina Faso Population Pyramid 2020

Burkina Faso Population by Age

There are 9,856,034 adults in Burkina Faso.

Burkina Faso Population Pyramid

Burkina Faso Population Clock

The population of Burkina Faso (as of 5/19/2020)?20,834,688
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)20,903,273
Births Per Day2,106
Deaths Per Day443
Net Migrations Per Day-68
Net Change Per Day1,595
Population Change Since January 1st221,705

Burkina Faso Population Estimator

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Estimate as of May 19th 2020 is: 20,836,315

Components of Population Change

One birth every 41 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 21 minutes
Net gain of one person every 54 seconds

Most of the 17 million people in Burkina Faso belong to one of two West African ethnic cultural groups: the Voltaic and the Mande. Voltaic Mossi make up about 50% of the population and are descended from warriors who moved to the area from Ghana around 1100, establishing an empire that lasted over 800 years.

In 1995, the ethnic composition of Burkina Faso was: 48% Mossi, 10% Fulani, 7% Lobi, 7% Bobo, 6.7% Mande, 5% Senufo, 5% Gurunsi, 4.8% Gurma and 3.1% Tuareg.

About 69 languages are spoken in the country, 60 of which are indigenous. About 40% of the population speaks Mossi, although the official language is still French, which was introduced during the country's colonial period.

The median age is just under 17 years old. A 2005 World Health Organization report estimated that almost 73% of girls and women in Burkina Faso have undergone female genital mutilation, which is done according to traditional rituals in the area. Burkina Faso is one of the last great strongholds of slavery in the world, and children in the country are often victims of slavery.

Activists in the country have lobbied for more attention to birth control, which has been largely ignored as attention has focused on preventing HIV/AIDs. Without controlling its population, Burkina Faso will have difficulty improving living standards.

Burkina Faso Religion, Economy and Politics

The majority of the population in Burkina Faso, 60.5%, practice Islam. The remainder of the population of relatively religiously diverse, with 23.2% practicing Christianity, 15.3% following indigenous beliefs, and the remaining 1% having no reported religion.

Burkina Faso is one of the world's most impoverished countries and over 90% of its citizens are farmers, with cotton being the most common crop. Literacy rates are much lower than surrounding nations, and the people that live here are constantly plagued by terrorist attacks, political insecurity, low energy supplies, and poor transportation options.

Burkina Faso Population History

The indigenous population, known as the Mossi Kingdom, was in control of the region since the 1000s. In 1895, they defeated French colonial forces to become a French protectorate. The indigenous army again fought the French in 1915, but this time the French won and executed the leaders of the African army. The nation finally got its independence in 1960. As an independent country, Burkina Faso's population flourished, going from growing at 1% annually in 1960 to the robust growth of today.

Since the turn of the millennium, Burkina Faso has experienced a couple of meningitis outbreaks which killed thousands.

About Burkina Faso

  1. National Institute of Statistics and Demography
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1985, 1996 and 2006 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official estimates through 2010, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer