Kazakhstan Population 2020 (Live)

18,777,324

According to current projections, Kazakhstan’s population is expected to increase the rest of the century, reaching 27.91 million people by 2099. The population is currently about 18.78 million and is expected to surpass 20 million in 2027.

Kazakhstan’s population growth rate is 1.21%. Although the country has negative net migration, it is not significant enough to cause a decline in the population because the fertility rate is 2.76 births per woman. This fertility rate is well above the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Kazakhstan’s relatively slow population growth will allow the country to continue making economic progress and reducing poverty in the coming decades.

The current population of Kazakhstan is 18,777,324, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 18,776,707.

Kazakhstan Growth Rate

Kazakhstan Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Almaty2,000,900
Karagandy451,800
Shymkent414,032
Taraz358,153
Astana345,604
Pavlodar329,002
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Kyzylorda300,000
Semey292,780

Kazakhstan Area and Population Density

The sparsely populated country of Kazakhstan covers a vast 1.052 million square miles (2.725 million square kilometers). Aside from a small portion of the southwestern border that touches the Caspian Sea, the country is otherwise landlocked and borders Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Russia. Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,589,667, Kazakhstan has 17.67 people per square mile (6.82 people per square kilometer), making it the 184th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Kazakhstan

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also a major cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6.75 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 215th in the world with a total surface area of 2,724,900 square meters - ranking at 9th in the world for sheer area alone.

Kazakhstan Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202018,776,7071.21%6.9664217
201918,551,4271.26%6.8764217
201818,319,6181.32%6.7963217
201718,080,0191.40%6.7063217
201617,830,9011.47%6.6063217
201517,572,0161.57%6.5163217
201016,252,2791.08%6.0263218
200515,402,8070.64%5.7162217
200014,922,719-1.19%5.5362217
199515,839,363-0.67%5.8753215
199016,383,8870.90%6.0750214
198515,665,5951.15%5.8046212
198014,796,1741.04%5.4845210
197514,050,2261.51%5.2040210
197013,036,1391.94%4.8340207
196511,841,9203.57%4.3939208
19609,934,5634.60%3.6844207
19557,932,5213.43%2.9450209
19506,702,9910.00%2.4855209

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202018,776,7071.21%6.9664217
202519,787,7461.05%7.3364217
203020,639,0210.85%7.6468217
203521,483,4500.80%7.9668217
204022,370,4050.81%8.2967217
204523,242,9470.77%8.6167216
205024,024,0450.66%8.9069216
205524,681,9150.54%9.1470217
206025,243,4370.45%9.3571217
206525,751,1090.40%9.5470217
207026,223,0090.36%9.7170217
207526,656,3620.33%9.8771217
208027,041,8130.29%10.0270217
208527,376,7000.25%10.1469217
209027,649,9210.20%10.2468218
209527,839,3500.14%10.3168218

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Projections)

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid 2020

Kazakhstan Population by Age

There are 12,537,283 adults in Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid

According to current projections, Kazakhstan’s population is expected to increase the rest of the century, reaching 27.91 million people by 2099. The population is currently about 18.78 million and is expected to surpass 20 million in 2027.

Kazakhstan’s population growth rate is 1.21%. Although the country has negative net migration, it is not significant enough to cause a decline in the population because the fertility rate is 2.76 births per woman. This fertility rate is well above the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Kazakhstan’s relatively slow population growth will allow the country to continue making economic progress and reducing poverty in the coming decades.

About Kazakhstan

  1. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics
  2. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics
  3. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses, with official population estimates through 2014, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer