Mexico Population 2020

128,568,585

Mexico’s population is really growing in leaps and it’s touted to soon overtake the population of Japan. When this happens, Mexico will be among the ten most populous countries in the world today. As of July 2012, the population was estimated to be 114,975,406, putting Mexico as the 10th most populous nation in the world. It retains that rank with an estimated 128.93 million people in 2020. Because of this, Mexico also has the highest population for a Spanish speaking nation. The country’s population is on a steady, positive growth rate as a result of better medication and vaccines, which reduce the chances of death and increases the chances of successful births.

Mexico Area and Population Density

Mexico covers an area of 1,972,550 square kilometers, making the country’s population density of about 57 people per square kilometer. Its capital city, Federal District, Mexico City, has a population of 21.2 million people with 8.9 million of these people living within the city.

Largest Cities in Mexico

The largest cities and more densely populated areas are Mexico City (12,294,193), Itzapalpa (1,820,888), and Ecatepec (1,806,226). The country consists of 31 states and one federal district.

Mexico Demographics

Mexico’s population makes it the highest populated Spanish speaking country. The country’s population has seen a steady growth in the twentieth century. In the past half a decade, the population growth has stalled, registering less than a 1% annual population growth rate. A total of 78.84% people in Mexico reside in urban areas leaving a mere 21.16% to live in the rural areas of Mexico. Roughly half of the population lives in one of Mexico’s 55 metropolitan towns.

The percentage of people broken down into different age brackets is: 0-14 years is 27.8%; 15-24 years is 18.2%; 25-54 is 40.5%; 55-64% is 6.7%; while 65 years and over is 6.7 according to the 2012 estimation. In the first age bracket there are 16,329,415 males and 15,648,127 females. In the 15-24 age bracket, there are 10,552,581 males and 10,420,710 females. The 25-54 age bracket has 22,287,799 males and 24,321,919 females. Between 55-64, there are 3,545,046 males and 4,138,139 females. Women are more popular in three of the age brackets compared to men taking only two of them.

Mexico Religion, Economy and Politics

Religion among the population is split at 82.7% Roman Catholic, Pentecostal 1.6%, 1.4% Jehovah's Witnesses, 5% other Evangelical churches, 1.9% other faiths, and 7.4% unspecified or non-religious.

Mexico has a total life expectancy of 75.4 years, coming in 66th in the World Life Expectancy ranking. The life expectancy for males is 72.6 years, which is significantly lower than the 78.0 average for females. Life expectancy moved from under 30 years at the beginning of the century to 38 years by 1938. By 1950, it had risen to 50. The trend carried on as the average hit 62 by 1970; a sign that the Mexican health system was experiencing rapid improvements that contributed to longer life. The current average of 75. 4 is quite impressive for a country that once had a life expectancy of less than 30. The average is expected to continue to rise but at a slower rate than observed in the past. The estimated life expectancy is forecast to rise by 2.5 per decade.

In terms of quality of life, there are a few indicators that we can examine to gain a better idea of what contributes to the full image of life in Mexico. The median age across the population of Mexico is currently at 28.3 years of age. Improved access to clean drinking water as of 2015 estimates tell us that 96% of the population has access while only 3.9% struggle with that same level of access. The number change a bit when we take a closer look at the sanitation facility access however. Only 85.2% of the total population has access to improved sanitation, while 14.2% still struggle with sanitation access. Literacy across the country is at 94.5% of those over 15 years of age.

Mexico Population History

Mexico has displayed a positive population growth over the past seven decades. The population has quadrupled between 1933 and 1980 and has had its ups in years like in 1950, where the growth was 4.6%, and in 1970, where it recorded 7.2%. However, it has had its downs as well, like in 1960 where the growth rate was only 0.4%. However, the growth rate over the past seven decades has translated to an average of 3% per annual growth rate. After 1980, the population growth displayed a steady decrease of less than 3% per year. This subsequently dropped to less than 2% in the late 1980s and 90s and reached an all-time low of 1% or below in 2004. Migration from Mexico and a decrease in the fertility rate of women has been blamed for the consecutive drops over the years.

Mexico Population Growth

This makes Mexico City the most populous metropolitan town in the Western Hemisphere. Over the years, Mexico has indicated positive population growth. However, over the past few years, the annual population growth has dropped to less than 1%. The country has witnessed a gradual increase in life expectancies. The life expectancy of women is higher than that of men by about 6 years. The fertility rate, noted as the number of children a woman has in her lifetime, has drastically dropped through the years to be at an all-time low for the country.

The population of Mexico currently is 128.93 million. Females account for 50.7% of the population, while males account for 49.3% of the total population. The country's birth rate for 2016 is 19.02 births/1,000 population. The death rate is 5.24 deaths/1,000 population.

Mexico Population Projections

The rate of growth in Mexico is expected to slow fairly significantly as we progress further into the 21st century. The current annual rate of 1.24% is expected to halve by 2040. Population forecasts expect the population will reach 134 million by 2020, and 148 million by 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 14 seconds
One death every 40 seconds
One net migrant every 9 minutes
Net gain of one person every 23 seconds

Mexico Population in 2018Source: By Lidia Lopez [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Mexico Population Pyramid 2020

Mexico Population by Age

There are 87,417,635 adults in Mexico.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
201025 June 2010
200529 October 2005
200014 February 2000
199016 March 1990

The population of Mexico is on the rise. However, statistics over the last five years indicate that the annual growth rate is really lower than 1%. This trend means that the population will rise slowly over the years. A higher birth rate compared to the death rate means that the population will increase over the years. Mexico’s population increase will be most likely to eclipse Japan’s total population in the coming years to take the tenth most populous place on earth. The population’s slow growth has been attributed to a number of factors. Most common is the fertility rate of Mexican women. Another major factor for slow growth is the high flow of human labor from Mexico to the United States. Mexico, however, still has a huge number of youth in their population. However, the reversed population growth noted in the recent year’s means that the population is set and will grow slowly although steadily in the future.

Official NameUnited Mexican States
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude23.00, -102.00
Currencies UsedMexico Peso
DemonymMexican
BordersBelize
Guatemala
United States
Countries Bordering Mexico
Name Population Location
Mexico City12,294,193Map
Iztapalapa1,815,786Map
Ecatepec de Morelos1,655,015Map
Guadalajara1,495,182Map
Puebla1,434,062Map
Juarez1,321,004Map
Tijuana1,300,983Map
Leon de los Aldama1,238,962Map
Gustavo Adolfo Madero1,185,772Map
Zapopan1,142,483Map
Monterrey1,135,512Map
Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl1,104,585Map
Chihuahua809,232Map
Naucalpan de Juarez792,211Map
Merida777,615Map
Alvaro Obregon726,664Map
San Luis Potosi722,772Map
Aguascalientes722,250Map
Hermosillo715,061Map
Saltillo709,671Map

Mexico Population Clock

The population of Mexico (as of 3/24/2020)?128,568,585
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)128,932,753
Births Per Day6,017
Deaths Per Day2,142
Net Migrations Per Day-159
Net Change Per Day3,716
Population Change Since January 1st312,144

Mexico Population Estimator

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Estimate as of March 24th 2020 is: 128,568,348

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020128,932,75348.92%51.08%65.64101.06%
2019127,575,52948.91%51.09%64.94101.10%
2018126,190,78848.91%51.09%64.24111.13%
2017124,777,32448.91%51.09%63.52111.17%
2016123,333,37648.90%51.10%62.79111.21%
2015121,858,25848.90%51.10%62.03111.33%
2010114,092,96348.93%51.07%58.08111.48%
2005106,005,20348.90%51.10%53.96111.40%
200098,899,84549.10%50.90%50.35111.53%
199591,663,28549.17%50.83%46.66111.78%
199083,943,13249.49%50.51%42.73112.01%
198575,983,48549.52%50.48%38.68122.32%
198067,761,37249.90%50.10%34.50122.60%
197559,607,95349.91%50.09%30.34122.97%
197051,493,56549.93%50.07%26.21143.14%
196544,123,85349.91%50.09%22.46163.16%
196037,771,85949.90%50.10%19.23163.15%
195532,350,59649.88%50.12%16.47162.97%
195027,944,66949.85%50.15%14.23170.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020128,932,75348.92%51.08%65.64100.00%
2025135,284,06748.92%51.08%68.87100.97%
2030140,875,76248.92%51.08%71.72110.81%
2035145,755,09348.92%51.08%74.20100.68%
2040149,759,03948.92%51.08%76.24110.54%
2045152,887,03448.94%51.06%77.83110.41%
2050155,150,81848.99%51.01%78.98120.29%
2055156,549,79249.06%50.94%79.69120.18%
2060157,156,27049.16%50.84%80.00130.08%
2065157,059,11949.28%50.72%79.9513-0.01%
2070156,314,48749.41%50.59%79.5713-0.10%
2075154,976,40849.55%50.45%78.8913-0.17%
2080153,104,20549.67%50.33%77.9413-0.24%
2085150,728,18549.78%50.22%76.7315-0.31%
2090147,929,90849.86%50.14%75.3115-0.37%
2095144,817,90549.92%50.08%73.7216-0.42%
  1. National Statistical Office (INEGI)
  2. National Statistical Office (INEGI)
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 censuses and intercensal enumerations through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer