According to current projections, Yemen’s population will surpass 50 million people in 2055 and will peak at 55.08 million in 2080. After 2081, the population will begin to slowly decline.
Yemen is currently growing at a rate of 2.28% per year. This growth rate has decreased consistently since 1990 and will continue to decrease further closer to 2080.
Yemen has a low median age of 20.2 years and a high fertility rate of 3.84 births per woman. The fertility rate is significantly lower than it was in 2010, when it was 5 births per woman, contributing to the slowing population growth rate.
Rapid population growth could deplete what little resources Yemen has. Yemen is the poorest country in the Arab peninsula, challenged with widespread poverty, unemployment, and a diminishing supply of oil resources and water.