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Population at High Flood Risk

50K

100K

150K

200K

250K

300K

350K

400K

Click on a country for details.

Flooding by Country 2024

Floods can be devastating, and people around the world must have an understanding of their flood risk. The risk of flooding around the world has gone up over time due to rising sea levels, global climate change, and other issues, including an increased risk of dangerous weather.

In China, 27.5% of the population lives in areas at a high risk of flooding. Slightly more people in India are at high risk of being affected by a flood, with nearly 28% of the population living in areas where flooding is likely. In Bangladesh, more than half of the population--nearly 58%--of residents are in danger of being affected by a flood.

Other countries that have many citizens at risk include Pakistan, with 31% of its citizens living in areas that are likely to flood. Egypt has 40% of its citizens at risk of being affected by a flood. 36.8% of Iraqi citizens live in areas where flooding is likely.

Many people in Europe also live in areas where flooding is a high possibility. 18% of people in Germany live in areas where they're at increased likelihood of flooding compared to other areas. 13% of Russians live in a high-risk flood area, as well as 11% of people who live in Spain.

Being aware of living in a high flood risk area can be the first step toward staying safe. People who live in high-risk areas need to have an escape plan that allows them to move to higher ground when flooding occurs. Keeping an eye on the weather is also important, as it may be necessary to vacate an area before heavy rains begin, as mudslides and other issues related to heavy rains can make travel impossible. It's smart to keep an eye on these changes over time, as many areas become susceptible to flooding due to rising sea levels.

Notes:
- Population totals are listed in 1,000s. For example, Afghanistan's listed population of 30,296 represents a total population of 30,296,000.

Download Table Data

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Country
Population at High Flood Risk
% Of Population At High Flood Risk
% Of Population At High Flood Risk And Poor
Population At Risk And Poor (55$/Day)
% Of Population At Risk And Poor (55$/Day)
Population At Risk And Poor (32$/Day)
% of Population At Risk And Poor (32$/Day)
Population At Risk And Poor (19$/Day)
China394,82627.5%0.3% 4,289
India389,81627.7%4.7%334,06423.8%222,96915.9%65,646
Bangladesh94,42457.5%4.6%73,34944.7%38,61223.5%7,504
Indonesia75,69627%0.9%39,96214.3%15,9645.7%2,630
Pakistan71,78631.1%0.5%46,89020.3%17,3047.5%1,161
Vietnam45,50446%0.5%8,8438.9%2,1332.2%465
United States42,59012.5%0.1%7830.2%5700.2%455
Nigeria38,99418%7%34,17315.8%26,63812.3%15,204
Egypt38,87140.5%1.7%29,36330.6%12,33112.8%1,628
Japan36,06028.7%0.2%4550.4%3500.3%270
Philippines30,48329%1.2%17,11516.3%7,3677%1,305
Thailand25,43133.9% 1,7652.4%1090.1%5
Brazil25,40811.7%0.6%5,4912.5%2,5791.2%1,256
Mexico24,08917.2%0.3%5,4343.9%1,5331.1%408
Myanmar19,10439.9%0.4%9,22719.3%2,1594.5%193
Russia18,39412.9% 6920.5%62 4
Iraq16,35036.8%0.6%8,70719.6%2,3855.4%279
DR Congo15,79713.8%10.4%15,42013.5%14,34412.6%11,869
Colombia14,50722.9%0.9%3,9816.3%1,5782.5%577
Germany13,67017.5% 680.1%33 12
Nepal11,99329.4%1.7%8,49220.8%4,0539.9%686
Iran11,73814.6% 1,6532.1%3130.4%34
France11,63217.3% 5 2
Ethiopia11,58611.2%2.7%10,2099.8%6,9556.7%2,752
Turkey11,26914.2% 9611.2%1540.2%5
South Korea10,35120.3%0.1%1030.2%510.1%26
Netherlands10,10058.7%0.1%370.2%260.2%16
Sudan8,77820.6%2.4%6,87516.1%3,7898.9%1,006
Italy8,50413.8%0.1%1920.3%1200.2%92
Malaysia8,19424% 1600.5%11 1
Tanzania7,98214.6%7.2%7,33913.4%6,14911.2%3,937
Cambodia7,43138.1%
United Kingdom7,39011% 410.1%30 18
Argentina7,21516.1%
Uzbekistan6,71519.9%2.6%5,24315.6%2,8768.5%862
Kenya6,56611.9%4.3%5,71410.4%4,3397.9%2,369
Romania6,54819.4%0.4%6561.9%3120.9%149
Spain5,85911.3%0.1%1200.2%610.1%38
Venezuela5,84318.4%
North Korea5,73524.7%
Uganda5,43812.9%5.4%4,78811.4%3,8349.1%2,287
South Sudan5,43732.5%28%5,39932.2%5,21531.1%4,686
Ukraine5,40712.4% 1750.4%19 1
Madagascar5,37919.5%14%5,16818.7%4,70317%3,862
Cameroon5,34819.1%5.2%3,80313.6%2,5929.2%1,468
Poland5,28013.5% 590.1%270.1%17
Mali5,12922.1%9.6%4,81620.7%3,91516.8%2,243
Mozambique5,00216.2%10.5%4,65015.1%4,17513.5%3,233
Algeria4,87511.1% 1,0212.3%1100.2%16
Ghana4,71614.3%1.8%2,5647.8%1,3644.1%583
Chad4,54727.4%9.6%3,79722.9%2,80416.9%1,591
Afghanistan4,50114.9%
Sri Lanka4,14019.4%0.1%1,5027%3541.7%30
Morocco3,92411%0.1%9922.8%2170.6%27
Angola3,73210.3%5%3,2809.1%2,6147.2%1,797
Ecuador3,72621.1%0.6%8574.9%3191.8%111
South Africa3,6636.1%1.1%2,0863.5%1,3642.3%682
Syria3,54813.4%6%3,29412.4%2,73010.3%1,603
Ivory Coast3,48413.1%3.3%2,80810.6%1,8947.1%866
Chile3,48416.9% 1160.6%220.1%10
Canada3,4509.4% 270.1%17 7
Peru3,3969.5%0.4%1,0803%4621.3%157
Niger3,35014%5.8%3,09813%2,49610.5%1,393
Burkina Faso3,28914.4%5%2,97113%2,33910.3%1,148
Kazakhstan3,14417.4% 1791%90.1%1
Malawi3,05716.5%12%2,97616.1%2,77615%2,212
Laos2,98539.7%2.9%1,99426.5%92712.3%218
Zambia2,61114%8.7%2,32712.5%2,02410.8%1,621
Haiti2,55317.5%4.2%2,00213.7%1,2688.7%614
Saudi Arabia2,4376.6%
Austria2,43727.8%0.1%160.2%100.1%8
Guatemala2,42113.3%0.9%1,0685.8%5022.7%170
Turkmenistan2,41924.6%0.3%8048.2%2552.6%25
Yemen2,3887.9%3.7%2,1937.3%1,8126%1,106
Senegal2,37614.7%4.9%2,09112.9%1,5389.5%790
Guinea2,30619%4%1,97316.2%1,25910.3%491
Belgium2,07017.9% 5 3 2
Cuba2,02618.2%
Benin1,95015%6.9%1,77213.6%1,43311%899
Bolivia1,87515.8%0.6%3813.2%1651.4%66
Somalia1,83116.6%
Honduras1,80119.1%2.8%8619.1%4965.3%261
Dominican Republic1,78414.8%0.1%2582.1%500.4%8
Tajikistan1,67117.8%0.4%6657.1%1992.1%37
Switzerland1,66019.1% 1 1
Australia1,6547.9% 130.1%130.1%8
Azerbaijan1,52017.6%
Czech Republic1,50013.9% 50.1%2 1
Hungary1,48915.9%0.1%410.4%170.2%7
Zimbabwe1,4269.9%3.3%1,1578.1%8696.1%468
Serbia1,40420.1% 871.3%100.2%1
Slovakia1,40125.7%0.3%360.7%210.4%17
Papua New Guinea1,37415%4%1,08411.9%7217.9%369
Togo1,34915.6%7.2%1,21114%97811.3%621
Tunisia1,33411.4% 3192.7%620.5%6
Greece1,31412.9%0.1%570.6%200.2%11
Sierra Leone1,29619.1%9.2%1,23318.2%1,05515.6%626
Rwanda1,2849.5%5%1,1648.6%1,0017.4%679
Burundi1,25211%8.6%1,22410.8%1,15310.2%974
Liberia1,19726.4%9.7%1,09024%83318.3%441
Bulgaria1,18417.2%0.2%851.2%340.5%14
Nicaragua1,14716.7%0.4%3735.4%1341.9%31
El Salvador1,13216.8%0.3%3094.6%941.4%17
Croatia1,09426.9%0.1%350.9%110.3%6
Central African Republic1,03619.4%13.2%96718.1%86716.2%704
Paraguay98313.1%0.2%1762.4%660.9%15
Sweden9789.7% 5 2 2
Costa Rica94819.7%0.3%1212.5%410.8%16
Kyrgyzstan90716%0.1%4618.1%851.5%4
Belarus8829.6% 4
Lebanon8729.3% 160.2%1
Albania77127.6%0.3%2408.6%501.8%8
Ireland73813.5% 40.1%30.1%
Hong Kong72011.9%
Libya70110.1%
Georgia69518.6%0.8%2817.5%1042.8%29
Israel6397.5% 130.2%3 1
United Arab Emirates6387.1%
Bosnia and Herzegovina63519.1% 130.4%2
Panama62515.4%0.2%822%310.8%10
New Zealand62314.2%
Finland61210.9% 1 1
Mauritania57913%1%3808.5%1713.9%46
Gabon57919.5%0.6%1866.3%622.1%17
Singapore57713%
Latvia55422.6%0.2%170.7%80.3%4
Denmark5419.2% 1
Moldova49613.5% 601.6%40.1%
Slovenia47221.7%
Mongolia45814.5%0.1%1203.8%230.7%2
Norway4568.7% 2 1 1
Jordan4556.4% 1051.5%130.2%1
Portugal4404.4% 70.1%3 2
Puerto Rico42911.7%
Namibia42317.3%2.8%2419.9%1476%68
Armenia40614.6%0.2%1736.3%371.3%5
Jamaica39514.5%0.3%1184.3%371.4%7
Eritrea3919.4%
Gambia37015.4%1.6%27511.5%1466.1%40
Lithuania33312.1%0.1%120.4%50.2%3
Timor Leste31724%4.7%28621.6%19815%62
Kuwait3018.5%
Guinea Bissau30117.1%10.7%27815.8%24814.1%189
Botswana29412.2%1.6%1767.3%1044.4%39
Trinidad and Tobago29121.1%0.1%181.3%30.2%1
Guyana27637.9%1.8%719.7%324.4%13
Suriname23337.7%7.3%10817.5%7011.3%45
Uruguay2266.7% 70.2%1
Equatorial Guinea21116.3%
Oman1845.1%
Mauritius16913.2% 181.4%20.2%
Fiji16223.1%0.1%344.8%60.8%
Lesotho1518%2.2%1115.9%754%41
Cyprus14511.3%
Solomon Islands11720.1%4.9%9916.9%6811.6%29
Brunei11525.4%
Montenegro11018.3%0.1%152.4%61%1
Estonia997.1% 10.1%
Eswatini999%2.6%716.4%514.7%28
Belize8821.4%2.4%409.8%215.1%10
Bahamas8121.1%
Comoros748.7%1.4%495.7%283.3%11
Djibouti736.3%1.6%544.7%343%18
Luxembourg6911.7% 10.1%
Bhutan637.7%0.1%202.4%50.6%
Iceland5314.9%
New Caledonia4617%
Vanuatu3011.1%1.5%228.2%124.5%4
Andorra2825%
Cape Verde275.3%0.1%101.9%30.6%1
Sao Tome and Principe2612.4%4.5%2210.8%178.2%9
Malta225.2%
Barbados206.9%
Saint Lucia1710.3%0.5%32%21%1
Guam159.5%
Cayman Islands1216.3%
Tonga1111.4%0.1%32.9%10.8%
Grenada98.8%
Antigua and Barbuda99.9%
Dominica69%
Turks and Caicos Islands49.1%
Micronesia23.6%0.4%12.4%11.3%
San Marino26.5%
Palau26.1%
Monaco
showing: 185 rows

Which country has the most flooding?

The Netherlands rank at the top of the list for overall flooding risk. Over two-thirds of the county is prone due to its low elevation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources