Chad Population 2020
Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa with many regions. Lake Chad, which the country is named for, is the largest wetland in the country, which also has a desert zone, an arid belt and a fertile savanna zone. Chad is bordered by Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Libya, and Niger and it is the 5th largest country by size in Africa.
Chad Area and Population Density
Chad has an estimated 2020 population of 16.43 million, up from 10.3 million estimated in 2009. The last census was in 1993, finding a population of 6.27 million. Chad is currently the 72nd most populous country in the world. Given its large size, it is sparsely populated with just 21 people per square mile (8 people per square kilometer), which ranks 212th in the world. The country covers a massive 495,800 square miles (1.284,000 square kilometers) of land and is a landlocked nation in central Africa.
Largest Cities in Chad
Its largest city and capital, N'Djamena, has an estimated population of just under 1 million. Only 26% of the country's people live in urban areas, but almost half are under the age of 15. Chad has an unevenly distributed population, with the highest density in the Logone Occidental Region and the capital. The capital is virtually the only urban area in Chad.
Chad has over 200 ethnic and linguistic groups.The people of Chad are usually classified according to their geographic region. The Sara live in the south and represent the largest ethnic group. In the Sahel, sedentary people live with nomadic ones like the Arabs, who are the second largest ethnic group. Nomads, particularly the Toubous, live in the north.
The largest ethnic groups, based on the 1993 census, were: Sara (28%), Arab (12%), Mayo-Kebbi (11%), Kanem-Bornou (9%), Ouaddai (9%), Hadjarai (7%), Tandjile (7%), Daza (6%) and Fitri-Batha (5%).
Chad Religion, Economy and Politics
The country of Chad is pretty divided in terms of religion with 51.8% practicing Islam, 43.8% practicing some form of Christianity, and the remaining 4.4% being atheist, agnostic, or practicing something else. Within the Muslim community, 58% are Sunni, 11% are Shia, 4% Ahmadi, and 23% are nondenominational. Of the Christians, 54% are Protestant and 46% are Catholic.
Chad is one of the most corrupt and poorest countries on earth and most of its people are impoverished and live as herders and farmers. The Fund for Peace considers Chad a failed state. Polygamy is very common in Chad with 39% of women in such a union. It is also sanctioned by law. Violence against women is common in Chad, as is female genital mutilation. Despite being prohibited, more than 45% of women undergo the procedure, which is more common among certain ethnic groups like the Arabs. The life expectancy in Chad is just 47 years old.
Chad Population History
The land of present-day Chad was conquered by Rabih al-Zubayr from Sudan in the late 1800s, but his reign was short-lived and the French took control of the area in 1913. Chad fought with the French during World War II, but after the war, the country began to experience some civil unrest and several political parties began to form, which eventually ousted the president and rendered the central government completely ineffective in the early 1980s, but they settled into democracy by the 90s. In the early 2000s, Chad experienced a sudden rush of immigration from Sudan due to the fighting in Darfur.
Chad Population Growth
Having a large family in Chad is a thing of pride in Chad, as more children mean more help for the family. But Chad is one of the world's poorest countries and has the fourth highest fertility rate (the average woman has 6.9 children), which is not a good combination. On top of all of this, two-thirds of the population is under the age of 25, which seriously limits the number of people in the workforce. Because the country itself is so physically large, many argue that there is no need for population control with enough space to go around, but this is failing to consider the resources it takes to sustain significant growth. Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue this rapid, yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.
Chad Population Projections
Efforts to increase education about family planning and contraceptives are beginning to have some effect and the rate of growth isn't expected to stay over 3% much longer. It is predicted that the growth rate will peak in 2020 at 3.06%, before moving down towards 2% by 2050, but the population will still double over the same time frame. Current projections estimate that the population will be 16.285,093 in 2020, 21,459,963 in 2030, 27,321,154 in 2040, and 33,635,795 in 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 47 seconds|
|One death every 3 minutes|
|One net migrant every 480 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 1 minutes|