Ecuador Population 2020 (Live)

17,643,764

According to current projections, Ecuador’s population is expected to peak at 25.21 million people in 2079. The population, which sits at 17.64 million in 2020, will surpass 20 million people in 2031. After reaching its peak population in 2079, Ecuador is projected to finish the century with about 24.54 million people.

Ecuador’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 is 1.55%, adding about 269,000 people to the population. Ecuador has positive net migration and a fertility rate of 2.44 births per woman, more than the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Ecuador still faces widespread poverty, with about 35% of its population living in poverty, which has resulted in chronic malnutrition. Rapid population growth would exacerbate these issues.

The current population of Ecuador is 17,643,764, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 17,643,054.

Ecuador Growth Rate

Ecuador Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Guayaquil1,952,029
Quito1,399,814
Cuenca276,964
Santo Domingo de los Colorados200,421
Machala198,123
Manta183,166
Portoviejo170,326
Eloy Alfaro167,784
Esmeraldas165,216
Ambato154,369

Ecuador Area and Population Density

Ecuador, which is on the west coast of South America, has the Pacific Ocean along its western border and otherwise touched by Colombia and Peru. Based on the 2019 population of 17,096,322, the population density of Ecuador is 156 people per square mile (60 people per square kilometer) – placing the country at 120th in the whole world. This is spread over the country’s 109,483 square miles (283,560 square kilometers) of surface area.

Largest Cities in Ecuador

The majority of people in Ecuador live in the central regions, the Andes mountains or along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Only 3% of the total population lives in the tropical forest east of the mountains, which still remains very sparsely populated.

The largest concentration of Ecuadorians live in the two largest cities: Guayaquil with a population of 2,350,915 and the capital city of Quito with a population of 2,239,191, according to the 2010 Census data.

Ecuador Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202017,643,0541.55%71.0467140
201917,373,6621.69%69.9567141
201817,084,3581.78%68.7967142
201716,785,3611.78%67.5869142
201616,491,1161.72%66.4068142
201516,212,0201.55%65.2868144
201015,011,1171.66%60.4466144
200513,825,8471.74%55.6763144
200012,681,1232.05%51.0663143
199511,455,2042.29%46.1263146
199010,230,9342.45%41.1967145
19859,066,1092.56%36.5071145
19807,989,1862.70%32.1772146
19756,994,3342.88%28.1673147
19706,069,3762.97%24.4473148
19655,243,9772.91%21.1175149
19604,543,6662.81%18.2977149
19553,956,6202.66%15.9378151
19503,470,1590.00%13.9780150

Ecuador Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202017,643,0541.55%71.0467140
202518,740,5381.21%75.4670139
203019,818,7971.13%79.8069136
203520,831,9011.00%83.8869134
204021,762,3570.88%87.6269135
204522,593,7940.75%90.9770136
205023,316,4570.63%93.8871135
205523,923,1530.52%96.3272131
206024,415,6540.41%98.3172132
206524,785,3220.30%99.8072130
207025,036,8570.20%100.8173130
207525,173,5910.11%101.3672131
208025,202,9960.02%101.4872131
208525,133,141-0.06%101.2072132
209024,981,488-0.12%100.5972131
209524,759,023-0.18%99.6973132

Ecuador Population by Year (Projections)

Ecuador Population Pyramid 2020

Ecuador Population by Age

There are 11,624,607 adults in Ecuador.

Ecuador Population Pyramid

According to current projections, Ecuador’s population is expected to peak at 25.21 million people in 2079. The population, which sits at 17.64 million in 2020, will surpass 20 million people in 2031. After reaching its peak population in 2079, Ecuador is projected to finish the century with about 24.54 million people.

Ecuador’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 is 1.55%, adding about 269,000 people to the population. Ecuador has positive net migration and a fertility rate of 2.44 births per woman, more than the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Ecuador still faces widespread poverty, with about 35% of its population living in poverty, which has resulted in chronic malnutrition. Rapid population growth would exacerbate these issues.

About Ecuador

  1. National Statistical Office and Census (INEC)
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001 and 2010 censuses, with official estimates though 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer