Gambia Population 2020

2,399,847

The Gambia, officially the Republic of the Gambia, is a small country in West Africa along the Gambia River, surrounded by Senegal and a short bit of Atlantic coastline. The Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa. The estimated 2020 population is 2.42 million, which ranks 144th in the world.

The Gambia has just 10,689 square kilometers of land, which ranks 164th in the world. Its 2020 population is estimated at 2.42 million with a population density of 176 people per square kilometer (74th in the world). Despite having very little land area, the Gambia's population continues to grow due to a high fertility rate.

The capital of the Gambia is Banjul, which has a city population of 35,000. The Greater Banjul Area has a population estimated at 380,000 with an urban population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer (9,900/square mile). The Gambia's largest city is Serekunda, which has a city population of 350,000.

Gambia Demographics

There are many ethnic groups in the Gambia. The largest is the Mandinka (42%), followed by the Fula (18%), Wolof (16%), Jola (10%), Serers, Serahule, and the Bianunkas. The Krio people are one of the smallest ethnicities in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans.

90% of the country adheres to Islam. Nearly 30% of the Gambia's population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. The Gambia is ranked 151st out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index.

Gambia Today

The Gambia is one of the smallest and poorest nations in Africa with widespread poverty. The country has very little economic diversity, which makes it vulnerable to food price volatility and erratic rainfall. The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year with a fertility rate of 4 children born to every woman.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 6 minutes
One death every 29 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Gambia Population in 2018Source: By Ikiwaner [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons

Gambia Population Pyramid 2020

Gambia Population by Age

There are 1,157,888 adults in Gambia.

Census Years

Year Date
20232023
201328 April 2013
200315 April 2003
199315 April 1993

The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year.

Official NameRepublic of the Gambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.47, -16.57
Currencies UsedGambia Dalasi
DemonymGambian
BordersSenegal
Name Population Location
Serekunda340,000Map
Brikama77,700Map
Bakau43,098Map
Banjul34,589Map
Farafenni29,867Map
Lamin24,797Map
Sukuta15,131Map
Basse Santa Su14,380Map
Gunjur14,088Map
Soma9,869Map
Sabi7,738Map
Bansang7,615Map
Abuko6,572Map
Essau5,907Map
Barra5,323Map
Georgetown3,584Map
Kerewan2,751Map
Mansa Konko1,978Map

Gambia Population Clock

The population of Gambia (as of 4/2/2020)?2,399,847
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)2,416,668
Births Per Day247
Deaths Per Day50
Net Migrations Per Day-8
Net Change Per Day189
Population Change Since January 1st17,577

Gambia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 2,399,853

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,416,66849.59%50.41%226.091442.94%
20192,347,70649.60%50.40%219.641442.97%
20182,280,09449.60%50.40%213.311442.99%
20172,213,88949.60%50.40%207.121443.01%
20162,149,13649.60%50.40%201.061453.03%
20152,085,86049.61%50.39%195.141453.07%
20101,793,19649.63%50.37%167.761493.04%
20051,543,74149.68%50.32%144.421483.22%
20001,317,70349.80%50.20%123.281493.15%
19951,128,57550.01%49.99%105.581513.38%
1990955,59349.90%50.10%89.401524.80%
1985755,78750.47%49.54%70.711543.47%
1980637,24650.55%49.45%59.621553.37%
1975539,97950.46%49.54%50.521583.06%
1970464,41050.46%49.54%43.451572.76%
1965405,25950.33%49.67%37.911572.11%
1960365,04749.77%50.23%34.151562.06%
1955329,66149.04%50.96%30.841561.57%
1950304,88949.00%51.00%28.521560.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,416,66849.59%50.41%226.091440.00%
20252,780,24749.59%50.41%260.101422.84%
20303,170,68549.60%50.40%296.631372.66%
20353,581,55749.60%50.40%335.071362.47%
20404,008,10249.60%50.40%374.971322.28%
20454,443,72749.60%50.40%415.731312.08%
20504,882,10149.59%50.41%456.741311.90%
20555,314,95049.58%50.42%497.241291.71%
20605,736,53049.55%50.45%536.681251.54%
20656,142,13649.50%50.50%574.621241.38%
20706,524,96349.45%50.55%610.441181.22%
20756,882,93549.38%50.62%643.931181.07%
20807,212,22249.32%50.69%674.731180.94%
20857,509,12849.24%50.76%702.511140.81%
20907,769,64449.16%50.84%726.881100.68%
20957,991,23049.09%50.91%747.611100.56%
  1. Central Statistics Department
  2. Central Statistics Department
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1973. 1983, 1993 and 2003 censuses adjusted for underenumeration; with the total population from the 2013 census; with the structure by age and sex from the 2005-2006 MICS3 and 2010 MICS4 surveys; and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer