Jamaica Population 2020 (Live)

2,961,201

Jamaica's population growth remains unstable although it's expected to increase very slowly over the next decade.

Jamaica Population Growth

Jamaica's population growth has been fairly unstable over the last 50 years with a lot of ups and downs, including a very steep drop from 1980 to 1990. Over the past 15 years, Jamaica's population growth has slowed dramatically and was down to 0.26% as of 2019.

Jamaica is currently seeing a decline in the 0-14 age group with an increase in the working age and retired population, the fastest growing segment, which is typical for developing countries. According to the Planning Institute of Jamaica, the country is now on track to stabilizing its growth to stay in line with United Nations recommendations.

Jamaica Population Projections

In the years to come, it is expected that the population growth rate in Jamaica will continue to slow, before beginning to slowly decline around the year 2030. Contributing factors are the fact that it expected that the net migration will remain at least -16,000 over the next 30 years and that the birth rate will continue to be under 2 children born to the average Jamaican woman. Current projections believe that the growth rate will be down to -0.62% by the year 2050 and that the population of Jamaica will be roughly 2,913,160 in 2020, 2,932,629 in 2030, before beginning to decline towards 2,858,381 in 2040 and 2,703,591 by 2050.

The current population of Jamaica is 2,961,201, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,961,167.

Jamaica Growth Rate

Jamaica Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Kingston937,700
New Kingston583,958
Spanish Town145,018
Portmore102,861
Montego Bay82,867
Mandeville47,115
May Pen44,755
Old Harbour26,024
Linstead20,660
Half Way Tree18,552

Jamaica Area and Population Density

Jamaica is a small island in the Caribbean Sea, but it makes up for its size with a high population density in comparison with much of the rest of the world. The total surface area is just 4,244 square miles (10,991 square kilometers) and this makes Jamaica the 160th largest nation on earth, when it comes to the geographical area.

With 2,907,300 people living there as of 2019, for every square mile of Jamaican territory, however, there is an average of 685 people (265 people per square kilometer), making it the 35th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Jamaica

Roughly 55% of the people living in Jamaica reside in or around a major metropolitan area. 39% of Jamaica's residents live in parish capitals, according to the 2011 census, and the population of the Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals was 1.04 million, which is a 5% increase since 2001. KMA alone has 88% of the parishes of St. Andrew and Kingston.

The largest city in Jamaica is Kingston, the capital city. Kingston has a population of 937,700, according to 2011 estimates. The Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals had a population of 1.041 million according to the census and, outside the KMA, the largest capital towns are Spanish Town in St Catherine (147,000) and Montego Bay (110,000). Officially, the largest cities in Jamaica are:

  • Kingston (Kingston Parish): 937,000
  • Portmore (Saint Catherine): 182,000
  • Spanish Town (Saint Catherine): 147,000
  • Montego Bay (Saint James): 110,000

Jamaica Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20202,961,1670.44%273.4213853
20192,948,2790.46%272.2313852
20182,934,8470.48%270.9913952
20172,920,8480.50%269.7013953
20162,906,2360.53%268.3513952
20152,891,0210.57%266.9514052
20102,810,4600.51%259.5114051
20052,740,0030.64%253.0013850
20002,654,7010.94%245.1213652
19952,533,7110.92%233.9513452
19902,419,9060.71%223.4413349
19852,335,5101.55%215.6513242
19802,162,8461.30%199.7113241
19752,028,0161.57%187.2613141
19701,875,6421.32%173.1912941
19651,756,5111.52%162.1912739
19601,628,5201.11%150.3712639
19551,540,9561.90%142.2912237
19501,402,8990.00%129.5412137

Jamaica Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20202,961,1670.44%273.4213853
20253,015,3210.36%278.4213852
20303,047,9740.22%281.4413956
20353,057,8960.07%282.3513957
20403,045,162-0.08%281.1814159
20453,011,815-0.22%278.1014259
20502,960,317-0.34%273.3414260
20552,892,029-0.47%267.0414359
20602,807,867-0.59%259.2714362
20652,709,266-0.71%250.1614466
20702,597,324-0.84%239.8314469
20752,473,541-0.97%228.4014473
20802,341,115-1.09%216.1714777
20852,204,082-1.20%203.5214781
20902,066,016-1.29%190.7715085
20951,929,039-1.36%178.1215088

Jamaica Population by Year (Projections)

Jamaica Population Pyramid 2020

Jamaica Population by Age

There are 2,110,261 adults in Jamaica.

Jamaica Population Pyramid

Jamaica's population growth remains unstable although it's expected to increase very slowly over the next decade.

Jamaica Population Growth

Jamaica's population growth has been fairly unstable over the last 50 years with a lot of ups and downs, including a very steep drop from 1980 to 1990. Over the past 15 years, Jamaica's population growth has slowed dramatically and was down to 0.26% as of 2019.

Jamaica is currently seeing a decline in the 0-14 age group with an increase in the working age and retired population, the fastest growing segment, which is typical for developing countries. According to the Planning Institute of Jamaica, the country is now on track to stabilizing its growth to stay in line with United Nations recommendations.

Jamaica Population Projections

In the years to come, it is expected that the population growth rate in Jamaica will continue to slow, before beginning to slowly decline around the year 2030. Contributing factors are the fact that it expected that the net migration will remain at least -16,000 over the next 30 years and that the birth rate will continue to be under 2 children born to the average Jamaican woman. Current projections believe that the growth rate will be down to -0.62% by the year 2050 and that the population of Jamaica will be roughly 2,913,160 in 2020, 2,932,629 in 2030, before beginning to decline towards 2,858,381 in 2040 and 2,703,591 by 2050.

About Jamaica

  1. Statistical Institute of Jamaica
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1953, 1960, 1970, 1982, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer