Nepal Population 2020

29,023,689

The population of Nepal, as of late 2012 and early 2013, was estimated to be 29,860,686. Today, in 2020 however, it is only 29.14 million, which ranks 49th in the world.

Nepal Area and Population Density

The total surface area of Nepal is at 147,181 square kilometers which converts to approximately 56,826.90 square miles. With the above population in mind, this translates to a total population density of approximately 201 people per square kilometer, or 77 people per square miles. Much of the population is concentrated in Kathmandu however, at 52,000 people per square miles or 20,288 per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Nepal

The largest cities in Nepal are Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Patan. Kathmandu has nearly 1.5 million residents, while Pokhara and Patan both hover around 200,000 in population.

Nepal Demographics

Nepal has a host of ethnicities present. East Asian mixed people, as well as Indo-Aryans, live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. As a result, Nepal can boast of a multi-ethnic population that also houses a host of different cultures that are shared by its inhabitants.

The languages used in Nepal include Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, and unspecified at 0.2%.

Nepal Religion, Economy and Politics

It also has many different religions present, most significantly Hinduism and Buddhism, but minorities of Muslims and Christians are present as well. The World Factbook gives us a breakdown of Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, and unspecified faiths 0.2% being practiced among the population from a 2011 estimation.

All of the above factors have also resulted in a lax growth of fundamental institutions such as basic education for everyone in the country. This has resulted in a meager literacy ratehttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html (of those over 15 years of age) of only 63.49% in Nepal, of which 76.4% are males and 53.1% are females. Moreover, life expectancy in Nepal lies at 66.51 years. Specifically, male life expectancy is at 65.26 years, while female life expectancy is at 67.82 years.

Additional factors that influence quality of life can also be considered. This includes the low access to improved sanitation, only at 45.8% of the population. Access to clean drinking water is higher, at 91.6% of the population. In terms of health care, 5.8% of the GDP is spent on the health sector, resulting in a physician density of approximately .6 physicians per 1,000 residents and 3 hospital beds being available per 1,000 residents.

Nepal Population History

Growth rates were a bit out of control, coming to close to 3% in the latter half of the 20th century, but started to become more manageable around the turn of the century. Causes of the rampant growth have been thought to be a combination of poverty, illiteracy, early marriage, religious beliefs, and growing internal migration.

Nepal Population Growth

Nepal is showing signs of an average healthy growth rate of 1.07%. The average age of its citizens is 21.6 years, of which the median age of men is 20.7 years and for women it is 22.5 years. Only 4% or less of the populations are estimated to be over the age of 65 years, while about 57.9% of the population lies in the 15-65 age bracket. As Nepal is a developing economy, the burgeoning numbers of young individuals within its ranks it has the potential to really help its economy if sufficient opportunities are created for its youngsters to utilize. Among the total population estimate, the majority of Nepalís inhabitants are women. Moreover, about 34.1% of the total population lies in the 25-54 year old age bracket, providing Nepal with a significant working force in its ranks.

A high number of marriages consequently gives rise to a higher birth rate, which was around 22 births per population of 1000 peoples. On the other hand, the number of deaths was less, with around 7 deaths per population of 1000 people. Due to mainly Hindu practices, the marriage rate throughout the country is increasing at a rate of two percent. This is leading the population of Nepal to double every three decades and this growth is threatening its still developing economy as it continuously resorts to deforestation to create more space to accommodate its growing population. This in turn threatens low lying areas, which have become prone to excessive flooding. Because of that, many Nepalese have begun to migrate out of the country in search of a better livelihood, seeking countries such as India, Pakistan and the Middle East as possible destinations. In the last few years, the number of migrants to these countries has risen as Nepal faces difficulties in providing sufficient jobs to complement its population boom.

Nepal Population Projections

Nepal's growth rate seems to be under control and is even expected to decrease in the years to come. the current growth rate of 1.07% is predicted to come down to 1% by 2025 and should get down to 0.5% by 2040. The population is projected to be 30,260,244 in 2020, and 33,167,612 in 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 56 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 6 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Nepal Population in 2018Source: By Varuna 20001 [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Nepal Population Pyramid 2020

Nepal Population by Age

There are 18,236,263 adults in Nepal.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201122 June 2011
200122 June 2001
199122 June 1991

As a developing nation, Nepal continues to struggle with problems such as over-population and a dwindling economy. However, if it can provide sufficient opportunities to its growing number of youngsters, it can get back to the path of fruitful development in due time.

Official NameFederal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Languages SpokenNepali
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude28.00, 84.00
Currencies UsedNepal Rupee
DemonymNepalese
BordersChina
India
Name Population Location
Kathmandu1,442,271Map
Pokhara200,000Map
Patan183,310Map
Biratnagar182,324Map
Birganj133,238Map
Dharan108,600Map
Bharatpur107,157Map
Janakpur93,767Map
Dhangadhi92,294Map
Butwal91,733Map
Mahendranagar88,381Map
Hetauda84,775Map
Madhyapur Thimi83,036Map
Triyuga71,405Map
Inaruwa70,093Map
Nepalgunj64,400Map
Siddharthanagar63,367Map
Gulariya53,107Map
Titahari47,984Map
Panauti46,595Map

Nepal Population Clock

The population of Nepal (as of 4/2/2020)?29,023,689
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)29,136,808
Births Per Day1,536
Deaths Per Day503
Net Migrations Per Day238
Net Change Per Day1,271
Population Change Since January 1st118,203

Nepal Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 29,008,039

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202029,136,80845.81%54.19%197.97491.85%
201928,608,71045.60%54.40%194.38491.83%
201828,095,71445.46%54.54%190.89501.68%
201727,632,68145.44%54.56%187.75501.35%
201627,263,43345.57%54.43%185.24490.92%
201527,015,03145.89%54.11%183.55490.00%
201027,013,21249.22%50.78%183.54460.97%
200525,744,50049.67%50.33%174.92431.46%
200023,941,11049.79%50.21%162.66412.10%
199521,576,07150.53%49.47%146.60432.68%
199018,905,47849.70%50.30%128.45442.32%
198516,858,31050.03%49.97%114.54442.34%
198015,016,40250.11%49.89%102.03442.27%
197513,420,36949.98%50.02%91.18462.14%
197012,074,62649.80%50.20%82.04451.93%
196510,972,91249.85%50.15%74.55441.66%
196010,105,05049.86%50.14%68.66411.64%
19559,316,91649.63%50.37%63.30401.89%
19508,483,32549.55%50.45%57.64410.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202029,136,80845.81%54.19%197.97490.00%
202531,757,44647.34%52.66%215.77491.74%
203033,389,53647.62%52.38%226.86541.01%
203534,299,61747.71%52.29%233.04540.54%
204034,889,29247.78%52.22%237.05560.34%
204535,220,64147.85%52.15%239.30550.19%
205035,323,92147.94%52.06%240.00560.06%
205535,174,28048.06%51.94%238.9959-0.08%
206034,737,66648.21%51.79%236.0261-0.25%
206534,023,70548.42%51.58%231.1761-0.41%
207033,045,05848.66%51.34%224.5264-0.58%
207531,818,21048.94%51.06%216.1864-0.75%
208030,374,08149.25%50.75%206.3766-0.92%
208528,766,49249.59%50.41%195.4568-1.08%
209027,074,86849.94%50.06%183.9669-1.20%
209525,373,42550.29%49.71%172.4070-1.29%