Nepal Population 2020 (Live)

29,082,155

According to current projections, Nepal’s population is expected to surpass 30 million people in 2022 and will reach its peak population of 35.32 million by 2049. After 2050, the population is expected to shrink, falling back down to 24.04 million people by the end of the century.

After experiencing a small decline in its population from 2011 to 2014, Nepal’s population is currently growing at a fairly quick rate of 1.85%. Since 2015, this rate has increased every year from 0.00% in 2015, to 0.92% in 2016, 1.35% in 2017, 1.68% in 2018, and 1.83% in 2019. The population growth rate is expected to slow down significantly in the next three decades.

The population growth rate is slowing down due to a decreasing fertility rate, which is currently at 1.93 births per woman. The fertility rate is below the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman and has significantly decreased since 2000 when it was 4.41 births per woman.

The current population of Nepal is 29,082,155, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 29,136,808.

Nepal Growth Rate

Nepal Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Kathmandu1,442,271
Pokhara200,000
Patan183,310
Biratnagar182,324
Birganj133,238
Dharan108,600
Bharatpur107,157
Janakpur93,767
Dhangadhi92,294
Butwal91,733

Nepal Area and Population Density

The total surface area of Nepal is at 147,181 square kilometers which converts to approximately 56,826.90 square miles. With the above population in mind, this translates to a total population density of approximately 201 people per square kilometer, or 77 people per square miles. Much of the population is concentrated in Kathmandu however, at 52,000 people per square miles or 20,288 per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Nepal

The largest cities in Nepal are Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Patan. Kathmandu has nearly 1.5 million residents, while Pokhara and Patan both hover around 200,000 in population.

Nepal Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202029,136,8081.85%203.264972
201928,608,7101.83%199.574973
201828,095,7141.68%195.995073
201727,632,6811.35%192.765073
201627,263,4330.92%190.194973
201527,015,0310.00%188.464973
201027,013,2120.97%188.444666
200525,744,5001.46%179.594365
200023,941,1102.10%167.014166
199521,576,0712.68%150.514367
199018,905,4782.32%131.884470
198516,858,3102.34%117.604472
198015,016,4022.27%104.754476
197513,420,3692.14%93.624681
197012,074,6261.93%84.234584
196510,972,9121.66%76.554486
196010,105,0501.64%70.494183
19559,316,9161.89%64.994082
19508,483,3250.00%59.184182

Nepal Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202029,136,8081.85%203.264972
202531,757,4461.74%221.544969
203033,389,5361.01%232.925468
203534,299,6170.54%239.275466
204034,889,2920.34%243.395666
204535,220,6410.19%245.705567
205035,323,9210.06%246.425668
205535,174,280-0.08%245.375968
206034,737,666-0.25%242.336170
206534,023,705-0.41%237.356171
207033,045,058-0.58%230.526472
207531,818,210-0.75%221.966475
208030,374,081-0.92%211.896679
208528,766,492-1.08%200.676883
209027,074,868-1.20%188.876986
209525,373,425-1.29%177.007090

Nepal Population by Year (Projections)

Nepal Population Pyramid 2020

Nepal Population by Age

There are 18,236,263 adults in Nepal.

Nepal Population Pyramid

Nepal Population Clock

The population of Nepal (as of 5/19/2020)?29,082,155
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)29,136,808
Births Per Day1,536
Deaths Per Day503
Net Migrations Per Day238
Net Change Per Day1,271
Population Change Since January 1st176,669

Nepal Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
26
27
28
29
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6

Estimate as of May 19th 2020 is: 29,076,041

Components of Population Change

One birth every 56 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 6 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Nepal Demographics

Nepal has a host of ethnicities present. East Asian mixed people, as well as Indo-Aryans, live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. As a result, Nepal can boast of a multi-ethnic population that also houses a host of different cultures that are shared by its inhabitants.

The languages used in Nepal include Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, and unspecified at 0.2%.

Nepal Religion, Economy and Politics

It also has many different religions present, most significantly Hinduism and Buddhism, but minorities of Muslims and Christians are present as well. The World Factbook gives us a breakdown of Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, and unspecified faiths 0.2% being practiced among the population from a 2011 estimation.

All of the above factors have also resulted in a lax growth of fundamental institutions such as basic education for everyone in the country. This has resulted in a meager literacy ratehttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html (of those over 15 years of age) of only 63.49% in Nepal, of which 76.4% are males and 53.1% are females. Moreover, life expectancy in Nepal lies at 66.51 years. Specifically, male life expectancy is at 65.26 years, while female life expectancy is at 67.82 years.

Additional factors that influence quality of life can also be considered. This includes the low access to improved sanitation, only at 45.8% of the population. Access to clean drinking water is higher, at 91.6% of the population. In terms of health care, 5.8% of the GDP is spent on the health sector, resulting in a physician density of approximately .6 physicians per 1,000 residents and 3 hospital beds being available per 1,000 residents.

Nepal Population History

Growth rates were a bit out of control, coming to close to 3% in the latter half of the 20th century, but started to become more manageable around the turn of the century. Causes of the rampant growth have been thought to be a combination of poverty, illiteracy, early marriage, religious beliefs, and growing internal migration.

About Nepal