Portugal Population 2020 (Live)

10,196,622

After reaching its peak population in 2008 of 10.6 million people, Portugal’s population has gradually declined. As of 2020, Portugal’s population is 10.2 million people. By 2050, the population is projected to be 9.08 million people and by 2099, the population is expected to be down to 7.01 million people.

Portugal’s population is decreasing at a rate of 0.29%, roughly 30,000 people per year. This is a combination of negative net migration and fewer babies being born. The fertility rate in Portugal is 1.29 births per woman. This has resulted in an increasingly aging population, with the median age at 46.2 years.

Portugal Population Growth

Portugal is different from most other European nations in that it has a steadily decreasing population and is pretty anxious to have more people immigrate there. The 2019 annual growth rate of -0.39% doesn't sound like a big number, but estimates say that the country would need 75,000 immigrants each year just to maintain the population. Their socialist government is cited as a possible reason that it is so difficult to get people to move there. Measures are being taken to increase the ease with which people can come to Portugal, including reducing the barriers to visas and the starting of small businesses.

Portugal Population Projections

Despite efforts to increase immigration to Portugal, it is predicted that the population will continue to decline in the years to come, going down to an annual growth rate of -0.58%. The country desperately wants this to change, but if things continue on this trajectory, their numbers are likely to continue to follow. Current projections say that the population of Portugal will be 10,218,413 in 2020, 9,877,056 in 2030, 9,495,169 in 2040 and 8,994,594 by 2050.

The current population of Portugal is 10,196,622, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 10,196,709.

Portugal Growth Rate

Portugal Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Lisbon517,802
Porto249,633
Amadora178,858
Braga121,394
Setubal117,110
Coimbra106,582
Queluz103,399
Funchal100,847
Cacem93,982
Vila Nova de Gaia70,811

Portugal Area and Population Density

Portugal is a relatively small country and its population density figures are consistent with its overall size. It has a surface area of 92,090 square kilometers which converts to 35,645 square miles and makes it the 111th largest country in terms of landmass alone. For every square mile of Portuguese territory, there is an average of 111 people here. This makes Portugal rank 73rd in the world as far as population density is concerned.

Largest Cities in Portugal

Close to two-thirds of the Portuguese live in urban environments, and there are several large cities that account for this. The largest city in Portugal is also the capital of the country- Lisbon, which is home to 2.8 million people over 370 square miles. Located on the water, it is one of the biggest port cities in the region and is home to much of the nation's finance, commerce, entertainment, art, education, and trade. The next largest city is Porto with 2.2 million people living within 300 square miles. Porto is a very historical city, with beautiful baroque and neoclassic architecture. Other less sizable cities with populations smaller than 500,000 include Vila Nova de Gaia, Braga, Amadora, and Almada.

Portugal Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202010,196,709-0.29%111.3389101
201910,226,187-0.29%111.6588101
201810,256,193-0.31%111.9888100
201710,288,527-0.36%112.338899
201610,325,538-0.41%112.748898
201510,368,351-0.43%113.208697
201010,596,0580.17%115.697994
200510,508,4950.41%114.737690
200010,297,1120.40%112.437490
199510,091,3250.39%110.187287
19909,895,364-0.07%108.047185
19859,929,1840.36%108.416578
19809,750,9641.23%106.466075
19759,172,2411.18%100.146173
19708,651,340-0.48%94.466273
19658,862,2800.04%96.765468
19608,844,6450.50%96.574960
19558,625,5320.49%94.184757
19508,416,9670.00%91.904255

Portugal Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202010,196,709-0.29%111.3389101
202510,060,418-0.27%109.8494107
20309,912,679-0.29%108.2397111
20359,747,506-0.34%106.4397117
20409,558,265-0.39%104.3697119
20459,338,123-0.46%101.9699120
20509,084,576-0.55%99.19104125
20558,805,332-0.62%96.14107132
20608,514,103-0.67%92.96109136
20658,227,647-0.68%89.83110137
20707,963,946-0.65%86.95111140
20757,738,441-0.57%84.49112143
20807,552,823-0.48%82.46113145
20857,394,920-0.42%80.74116144
20907,249,093-0.40%79.15116146
20957,110,579-0.39%77.63115145

Portugal Population by Year (Projections)

Portugal Population Pyramid 2020

Portugal Population by Age

There are 8,555,287 adults in Portugal.

Portugal Population Pyramid

After reaching its peak population in 2008 of 10.6 million people, Portugal’s population has gradually declined. As of 2020, Portugal’s population is 10.2 million people. By 2050, the population is projected to be 9.08 million people and by 2099, the population is expected to be down to 7.01 million people.

Portugal’s population is decreasing at a rate of 0.29%, roughly 30,000 people per year. This is a combination of negative net migration and fewer babies being born. The fertility rate in Portugal is 1.29 births per woman. This has resulted in an increasingly aging population, with the median age at 46.2 years.

Portugal Population Growth

Portugal is different from most other European nations in that it has a steadily decreasing population and is pretty anxious to have more people immigrate there. The 2019 annual growth rate of -0.39% doesn't sound like a big number, but estimates say that the country would need 75,000 immigrants each year just to maintain the population. Their socialist government is cited as a possible reason that it is so difficult to get people to move there. Measures are being taken to increase the ease with which people can come to Portugal, including reducing the barriers to visas and the starting of small businesses.

Portugal Population Projections

Despite efforts to increase immigration to Portugal, it is predicted that the population will continue to decline in the years to come, going down to an annual growth rate of -0.58%. The country desperately wants this to change, but if things continue on this trajectory, their numbers are likely to continue to follow. Current projections say that the population of Portugal will be 10,218,413 in 2020, 9,877,056 in 2030, 9,495,169 in 2040 and 8,994,594 by 2050.

About Portugal

  1. National Statistical Institute of Portugal
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer