Venezuela Population 2020

28,424,726

Situated on the northern coast of South America, Venezuela – or to give it its official title, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela – is one of the larger countries on the continent. It is also the 50th largest country in the world in terms of population, with an estimated 2020 population of 28.44 million.

The last official census took place in the country in 2011 when it was claimed that the population of Venezuela was 23,054,985. However, a CIA estimate of the same year puts the numbers at 27,150.095. If you trust the latter set of figures, it would suggest that the Venezuela population in 2012 was nearing the 27.5 million mark and that by 2020 it is 28.44 million.

Venezuela Area and Population Density

Venezuela is the 33rd largest country in terms of sheer land mass with a total surface area of 916,445 square kilometers (353,481 square miles) It is relatively sparsely populated, however, and this is partly due to a mountainous landscape in some areas. Overall, there is an average of 33.8 people for every square kilometer of land here. This converts to 87.6 per square mile and makes this only the 174th most densely populated country on earth.

Largest Cities in Venezuela

The capital city of Caracas is by the largest city in Venezuela with a population of roughly 5,576,000 within 300 square miles. The city's official name of Santiago de Leon de Caracas roughly translates "Heaven's Branch on Earth," which hardly seems fitting because it is known as being the most murderous city in the world. There were roughly 4000 homicides just in 2015.

Maracaibo, Venezuela's second largest city with a population of 4,163,670, serves as a conduit between Venezuela and the rest of South America via the Gulf of Venezuela. Valencia, with a population of 2,585,202, is the country's hub for industrial and manufacturing companies. Well over 80% of Venezuelans live in urban areas and there are many more sizable cities. Notably, Barquisimeto, Maracay, and Ciudad Guayana all have populations above one million.

Venezuela Demographics

The ethnicity in Venezuela is split among Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, and indigenous people. The World Factbook has no available statistical percentages on this area of demographics for this country. However, the World Atlas has found some relevant material, giving estimates of 50% Mestizo, 42.5% European descent, 3.5% African descent, 2.5% indigenous, and 1.2% other groups.

Spanish is the official language. However, it is common to hear indigenous dialects in certain areas.

The overall life expectancy in the country was previously at 73.93 years which was divided between males at 70.84 years and females at 77.17. Just 5.1% of the population were aged over 65 in 2009.

In 2018, these numbers have been updated to a life expectancy of 76 years of age, divided between males and females at 73 and 79 years respectively. The median age is currently at 28.3 years for the entire population. The age structure has changed a little, with 7.9% of the population over the age of 65 in 2018.

Venezuela Religion, Economy and Politics

Christianity is by far the dominant religion in Venezuela, with 88% of the population practicing (71% are Roman Catholic, 17% are Protestant). There are no other religions with a large hold in the country, and the majority of the remaining citizens are atheist or agnostic.

Oil was discovered in Venezuela during World War I, and shifted the country's entire economy away from agriculture export.

Corruption seems rampant in modern Venezuela and has brought the country from a modern economy to one of near-feudalism. State-run programs and industries are profiting from public deficits- causing hyperinflation and shortages is even basic needs related goods.

Venezuela Population History

Venezuela asserted its independence from Spain in 1811, which caused a series of wars and uprisings that totaled over 20 years of warfare and took over 800,000 lives.

Migration from both European and Latin American nations post-World War II significantly diversified the country to modern-day proportions.

The political process known as the Bolivian Revolution was led by president Hugo Chaves beginning in 1999. The policies in this movement are supposed to support democracy and economic independence.

Venezuela Population Growth

Figures from the OECD / World Bank show steady and sustained growth in the Venezuela population over many years. Back in 1971, the organization showed that there were 11.1 million people here and by 1990, that figure had grown to 19.8 million. A further survey by the World Bank claims that numbers had risen to 28.4 million in 2009.

Venezuela Population Projections

Venezuela's rate of population change has been decreasing from 2% since 2000 and is expected to drop below 1% around 2030. That said, the population will still be increasing fairly steadily and the number of Venezuelans is predicted to be 33,172,392 in 2020, 36,749,904 in 2030 and should go above 40 million by 2045.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 2 minutes
Net gain of one person every 11 minutes

Venezuela Population in 2018Source: By QuinteroP [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Venezuela Population Pyramid 2020

Venezuela Population by Age

There are 19,168,690 adults in Venezuela.

Census Years

Year Date
201130 November 2011
200130 October 2001
199020 October 1990

Population growth was put at 1.508% and the country had a healthy split between age groups. It was claimed that 29.9% of the Venezuela population was aged between 0 and 14 while a further 65% fell between the age groups of 15 to 64.

Overall, the pattern in Venezuela is one of population growth and it seems set to stay that way for some considerable time.

Official NameBolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude8.00, -66.00
Currencies UsedVenezuela Bolívar
DemonymVenezuelan
BordersBrazil
Colombia
Guyana
Name Population Location
Caracas3,000,000Map
Maracaibo2,225,000Map
Maracay1,754,256Map
Valencia1,385,083Map
Barquisimeto809,490Map
Ciudad Guayana746,535Map
Barcelona424,795Map
Maturin410,972Map
Puerto La Cruz370,000Map
Petare364,684Map
Barinas353,442Map
Turmero344,700Map
Ciudad Bolivar338,000Map
Merida300,000Map
Alto Barinas284,289Map
Santa Teresa del Tuy278,890Map
Cumana257,783Map
San Cristobal246,583Map
Nuestra Senora del Rosario de Baruta244,216Map
Mucumpiz215,259Map

Venezuela Population Clock

The population of Venezuela (as of 4/2/2020)?28,424,726
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)28,435,940
Births Per Day1,418
Deaths Per Day575
Net Migrations Per Day-717
Net Change Per Day126
Population Change Since January 1st11,718

Venezuela Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 28,455,420

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202028,435,94049.18%50.82%31.0350-0.28%
201928,515,82949.25%50.75%31.1250-1.29%
201828,887,11849.37%50.63%31.5248-1.75%
201729,402,48449.50%50.50%32.0846-1.50%
201629,851,25549.62%50.38%32.5745-0.77%
201530,081,82949.71%50.29%32.82451.13%
201028,439,94049.89%50.11%31.03431.47%
200526,432,44750.05%49.95%28.84411.79%
200024,192,44650.18%49.82%26.40401.98%
199521,931,08450.29%49.71%23.93412.24%
199019,632,66550.37%49.63%21.42432.54%
198517,319,52050.44%49.56%18.90422.67%
198015,182,61150.53%49.47%16.57422.85%
197513,189,50950.63%49.37%14.39472.97%
197011,396,39350.74%49.26%12.44463.29%
19659,692,27850.84%49.16%10.58493.55%
19608,141,84150.93%49.07%8.88533.84%
19556,744,69551.00%49.00%7.36604.23%
19505,481,97850.93%49.07%5.98640.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202028,435,94049.18%50.82%31.03500.00%
202531,481,06349.29%50.71%34.35512.06%
203033,626,46949.26%50.74%36.69531.33%
203534,884,28249.15%50.85%38.06530.74%
204035,819,32249.04%50.96%39.09520.53%
204536,514,68648.95%51.05%39.84540.39%
205037,023,11548.89%51.11%40.40550.28%
205537,361,09648.84%51.16%40.77560.18%
206037,537,54048.82%51.18%40.96580.09%
206537,551,69648.82%51.18%40.98580.01%
207037,411,86748.84%51.16%40.8258-0.07%
207537,130,65748.88%51.12%40.5259-0.15%
208036,721,50148.94%51.06%40.0760-0.22%
208536,215,49149.02%50.98%39.5261-0.28%
209035,624,36949.11%50.89%38.8761-0.33%
209534,960,49949.21%50.79%38.1561-0.38%
  1. Oficin Central de Estadístic e Informátic (OCEI)
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1990, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer