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# of Bat Species

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Bat Population by Country 2024

Although bats’ nocturnal nature can leave many people afraid of them, they remain an important and highly beneficial class of mammals. Bats help keep insect populations manageable around the world. They also help facilitate the perpetuation of many plant species by dispersing seeds, pollinating various flowers, and more.

Wherever they are in the world, bat populations can be challenging to track and measure, as they’re not only nocturnal but frequently on the move. However, monitoring populations worldwide can help ensure protection and propagation of bat species vital to local ecosystems.

Bat Populations from Country to Country

Although tropical locations tend to boast the highest numbers of bats, as well as the greatest species diversity, many countries around the world have significant bat populations and collectively support a total of over 1,400 species worldwide. Here’s a closer look at bat distribution around the world.

Indonesia

Indonesian ecosystems tend to be quite diverse as a rule, making them perfect places for bats to thrive. As of 2023, Indonesia is home to 175 different known bat species. The lush tropical climate and abundant fruit trees make it especially hospitable to fruit bats.

Brazil

The humid, lush environment in Brazil is also extremely hospitable to various types of bats with the country currently hosting up to 178 different species. But the bats in Brazil don’t just stick to the jungles. Approximately 35 percent of Brazil’s bat species also populate urban areas.

United States

The many climates and environments in the United States give bats plenty of space and variety in which to thrive. It is home to 45 known bat species, including the little brown bat, the big brown bat, and the Mexican free-tailed bat. In fact, Texas houses one of the largest known populations of Mexican free-tailed bats in the world – in Bracken Cave.

Additional countries with plenty of bat diversity include but are not limited to Australia, the Philippines, Mexico, India, Malaysia, and South Africa.

Factors That Influence Bat Distribution

Like all animals, bats tend to populate in areas that cater to their needs, providing plenty of nourishment and protection. The following are some key factors that can influence bat distribution from country to country.

Biodiversity: The variety of food sources and shelter options available in tropical locations is one big reason why countries like Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines have higher numbers of both individual bats and different species.

Conservation Efforts: The greater the attention paid to bat conservation and protection within a country, the higher the likelihood that bat populations will be high and diverse there.

Agricultural Solutions: Countries that employ sustainable, organic approaches to agriculture are more bat-friendly, as insect populations remain higher.

Additional factors to consider may include climate change affecting seasonal migration patterns, urbanization, and the presence of threats or diseases in specific areas.

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Country
# of Bat Species
Indonesia225
Colombia217
Ecuador173
Venezuela172
Honduras170
Peru159
Thailand146
Mexico136
Brazil135
Bolivia133
Malaysia125
DR Congo120
Costa Rica120
India114
China112
Kenya110
Tanzania108
Panama108
Guyana107
Myanmar102
Suriname100
Guatemala98
Cameroon97
Uganda95
Papua New Guinea95
Nicaragua92
Australia90
Ghana88
Laos81
Ethiopia79
Angola76
Guinea76
Mozambique73
Philippines70
Sudan69
Belize69
El Salvador68
Zambia65
Zimbabwe64
Central African Republic64
Trinidad and Tobago64
Malawi63
Argentina62
Sierra Leone62
Republic of the Congo62
Liberia62
French Guiana60
Togo56
Paraguay56
Cambodia55
Senegal51
Rwanda51
Benin49
Gabon46
United States45
Nepal45
Iran44
Pakistan43
South Sudan43
Equatorial Guinea43
Russia41
Madagascar40
Burkina Faso40
Brunei40
Somalia39
Turkey38
Solomon Islands38
Burundi37
Namibia37
Nigeria36
Botswana36
Bangladesh35
Greece35
Gambia35
France33
Spain33
Chad33
Italy32
Morocco32
Serbia32
Mali31
Bulgaria31
Croatia30
Eritrea30
Japan29
Romania29
Israel29
Switzerland29
Slovenia29
Montenegro29
Sri Lanka28
Azerbaijan28
Hungary28
Slovakia28
Georgia28
Bosnia and Herzegovina28
Algeria27
Saudi Arabia27
Yemen27
Niger27
Ukraine26
Syria26
Taiwan26
Cuba26
Austria26
Albania26
Armenia26
Germany25
Czech Republic25
Portugal25
Poland23
Kazakhstan23
Canada22
Jordan22
Singapore22
Eswatini22
Andorra22
Egypt21
Uruguay21
Tunisia20
Libya20
Oman20
Jamaica20
Luxembourg20
Cyprus19
United Kingdom18
Belgium18
Turkmenistan18
Djibouti18
Monaco18
San Marino18
Iraq17
North Korea17
Netherlands17
Dominican Republic17
Sweden17
Belarus17
Lebanon17
Liechtenstein17
Moldova16
Lithuania16
South Korea15
Denmark15
Palestine15
Latvia15
Uzbekistan14
Chile13
Tajikistan13
Kyrgyzstan13
Mauritania13
Bhutan13
Guadeloupe13
Grenada13
Hong Kong12
Puerto Rico12
Estonia12
Dominica12
Vatican City12
Finland11
Norway11
Mongolia11
Lesotho11
Ireland10
Malta10
Martinique10
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines10
Montserrat10
Comoros9
Bahamas9
Vanuatu9
New Caledonia9
Saint Kitts and Nevis9
Saint Lucia8
Seychelles7
Antigua and Barbuda7
United Arab Emirates6
Fiji6
Gibraltar6
American Samoa1
Anguilla1
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