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Cereal Production 2021 (tons)

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Cereal Production by Country 2024

Cereal is the collective term for any grass cultivated for its edible grain. Botanically, grain is a type of fruit called a caryopsis, which includes a germ, endosperm and bran. Cereals are staple crops throughout the world, primarily because they can be grown in greater quantities and provide more energy than other crops. The most important factors that determine a country’s cereal production include its size and agricultural technology.

Overview

Cereal crops with significant agricultural value include barley, millet, maize (corn), oats, rye, sorghum, rice and wheat. Corn, rice and wheat account for the vast majority of the world’s cereal production and are also the primary subject of agricultural research. These advances continue to increase production, especially during the last decade. Grains like buckwheat, chia and quinoa are also edible and grown in commercial quantities, but they belong to other plant families. They’re known as pseudocereals, although they aren’t closely related to cereals.

Consumption

Cereals are a rich source of calories, including carbohydrates, fats and protein. They’re also high in many vitamins and minerals, provided the grain is in whole, unprocessed form. The primary aspect of processing is to remove the bran and germ, where most of the nutrients are concentrated. The remaining endosperm consists mostly of carbohydrates, resulting in a lower nutritional value.

Cereals comprise the majority of sustenance in developing countries, where the grain is usually unprocessed. This general rule is less true in developed countries, although the consumption of cereals is still substantial. However, cereals in these countries are usually consumed in refined form. Cereals usually form the basis of a country’s agricultural economy and are often traded as commodities.

Production

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Corporate Statistical Database (CSD) provides detailed information on the world’s agricultural production. The total production of cereal in 2021 was about 3.07 billion metric tons. China, the United States and India accounted for about half of the total by themselves, although the proportion of specific grains differed greatly between these three countries. All the figures above are from official sources, except those from China and Bangladesh, where the figures are estimates.

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Country
Cereal Production 2021 (tons)
Cereal Production 2020 (tons)
Cereal Production 2019 (tons)
Type of Cereal
China632.1M616.6M613.4MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
United States452.6M433.3M420.9MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
India356.3M342.1M325MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Russia117.6M130M117.9MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Brazil112.2M125.6M121.2MBarley, Buckwheat, Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Argentina87.7M86.6M83.6MBarley, Canary seed, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Ukraine85.3M64.3M74.4MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Indonesia74.4M79.3M74.3MMaize (corn), Rice
France66.9M56.8M70.4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Bangladesh62.2M60M59.2MBarley, Canary seed, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Pakistan52.4M47.2M43.9MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Australia51.1M26.6M29.2MBarley, Canary seed, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Vietnam48.3M47.3M48.2MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice
Canada46.7M65.3M61.5MBarley, Buckwheat, Canary seed, Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Germany42.4M43.3M44.3MBarley, Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Thailand39.4M35.5M33.6MBarley, Canary seed, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Mexico36.6M36.4M36.2MBarley, Canary seed, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Poland34M35M28.5MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Turkey31.9M37.2M34.4MBarley, Canary seed, Maize (corn), Millet, Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Ethiopia30.1M30.2M29.7MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oatst, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Nigeria29.9M29.2M29.8MFonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Philippines28.3M27.4M26.8MMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Myanmar27.8M28.5M28.7MCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Romania27.8M18.2M30.4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Spain25.5M27.3M20.6MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
United Kingdom22.4M19M25.5MBarley, Mixed grain, Oats, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Egypt22.3M22.5M21.9MBarley, Maize (corn), Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
South Africa19.8M18.8M13.9MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Italy16.6M16.9M16.4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Kazakhstan16.6M20.2M17.5MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Iran14.8M15.6M22MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Rye, Wheat
Hungary14M15.6M15.7MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Cambodia12.3M12.1M11.8MMaize (corn), Rice
Japan11.9M11.7M11.8MBarley, Buckwheat, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Bulgaria11.6M8.6M11.1MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Tanzania11.3M11.3M10.4MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Nepal11.1M10.9M10.6MBarley, Buckwheat, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Wheat
Morocco10.4M3.3M5.3MBarley, Canary seed, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Serbia10.3M11.5M10.5MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Mixed grain, Oats, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Mali8.8M10.4M10.5MCereals n.e.c., Fonio, Maize (corn) , Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Denmark8.6M9.5M9.5MBarley, Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Czech Republic8.2M8.1M7.6MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Wheat, Triticale
Belarus7.6M8.4M7MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Uzbekistan7.2M7.2M7.1MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Paraguay6.3M8.4M8.1MMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Sudan5.7M4.2M5.6MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Sri Lanka5.6M5.4M4.8MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Peru5.6M5.4M5.3MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Quinoa, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
South Korea5.4M4.9M5.3MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Lithuania5.3M6.5M5.2MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Austria5.3M5.6M5.4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Iraq5.3M8.9M6.9MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Ghana5.3M4.6M4.4MMaize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Sorghum
Sweden5M6M6.1MBarley, Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Colombia4.9M4.9M4.4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Laos4.9M4.2M4.3MMaize (corn), Rice
Malawi4.9M4M3.7MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Burkina Faso4.7M5.2M4.9MFonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Afghanistan4.7M6M5.6MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Wheat
Moldova4.6M1.5M3.5MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Madagascar4.6M4.5M4.1MMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
North Korea4.5M4.7M5.7MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Slovakia4.3M4.6M4.1MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Uruguay4M3.5M3.6MBarley, Canary seed, Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Guinea4M4M3.9MFonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Kenya4M4.9M4.6MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Zambia4M3.7M2.2MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Cameroon3.8M3.7M3.7MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Bolivia3.7M2.9M2.9MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Quinoa, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Croatia3.6M3.7M3.5MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Senegal3.5M3.6M2.8MFonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Uganda3.4M5.2M3.1MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Niger3.4M5.9M5.3MCereals n.e.c., Fonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Wheat, Sorghum
Azerbaijan3.3M3.2M3.4MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Ecuador3.2M2.7M2.6MBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Quinoa, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Greece3.1M3.1M2.9MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Angola3.1M3.1M2.9MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Chile3M2.8M3.3MBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Latvia3M3.5M3.2MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Ivory Coast3M2.8M3.1MFonio, Maize (corn) , Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Algeria2.8M4.4M5.6MBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat,
Finland2.6M3.4M4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Chad2.6M2.9M2.9MCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Syria2.5M5.3M6.4MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Malaysia2.5M2.4M2.4MMaize (corn), Rice
Mozambique2.5M1.9M1.8MMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Belgium2.5M2.6M2.8MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Triticale, Wheat
Venezuela2.4M2.4M1.6MMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum. Wheat
Ireland2.4M1.9M2.3MBarley, Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Benin2.3M2.2M2.2MFonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Sierra Leone2.1M1.2M1.1MCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Zimbabwe2M1.7M1MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats. Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Guatemala2M2M1.9MBarley, Buckwheat, Maize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Taiwan1.8M2M2MCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Tunisia1.7M1.6M2.4MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Oats, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Turkmenistan1.5M1.6M1.8MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.4M1.9M1.7MBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Kyrgyzstan1.4M1.9M1.8MBarley, Buckwheat, Maize (corn), Millet, Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Tajikistan1.4M1.3M1.3MBarley, Buckwheat, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Togo1.4M1.4M1.4MCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Netherlands1.3M1.4M1.5MBarley, Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Estonia1.3M1.6M1.6MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Saudi Arabia1.2M1.2M1.3MBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Norway1.2M1.3M1.3MBarley, Mixed grain, Mixed grain, Oats, Rye, Triticale, Wheat
Portugal1.1M1.1M1.2MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Dominican Republic1.1M986.2K970KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
El Salvador1M912K921.4KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
New Zealand1M1M1MBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Wheat
Nicaragua923.9K905.2K925.6KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
South Sudan840.3K874.4K818.5KMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Rwanda811.6K753.5K733.2KMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Honduras743.7K753.7K667.8KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Switzerland725.9K1M933KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Mixed grain, Oats, Rye,Triticale, Wheat
Slovenia700.5K749.7K642.3KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Albania691.1K684K666.1KBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Mongolia614.5K430.3K433.3KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Oats, Wheat
Guyana563.1K691.5K686.4KMaize (corn), Rice
North Macedonia562.2K578.8K563.1KBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Wheat
Panama546.8K529.7K500.3KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Mauritania498.8K411K352.5KBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Cuba467.6K525.7K703.7KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Burundi457.8K465.6K547KCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Georgia437.4K412.3K371.4KBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Rye, Wheat
Yemen390K391K456.7KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Sorghum, Wheat
Haiti373K370K389.9KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Eritrea305.2K305.3K304.9KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Sorghum, Wheat
Guinea Bissau281.2K258.4K240.5KCereals n.e.c., Fonio, Maize (corn), Millet, Rice, Wheat, Sorghum
Israel268.3K246.8K184.1KBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Sorghum, Wheat
Suriname263.8K249.9K274.4KMaize (corn), Rice
Liberia255.6K279K276.4KRice
Libya209.5K209.5K219.4KBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Wheat
Namibia198.8K174.2K70.8KMaize (corn), Millet, Sorghum, Wheat
Somalia177.7K177.6K184.6KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Costa Rica157.3K160.8K170.3KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Armenia155.1K242K195.1KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Oats, Rice, Rye, Wheat
Luxembourg147.2K146.2K163.6KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Mixed grain, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Central African Republic142.8K163.3K157.4KMaize (corn), Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Belize136.6K112K85.1KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Lebanon133.5K133.5K175.5KBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Sorghum, Wheat
Oman130.1K183.9K65.7KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Sorghum, Wheat
Botswana122.2K162.2K48.6KCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Sorghum, Wheat
Lesotho121.8K28.7K35.3KBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Sorghum, Wheat
Gambia104.7K107.1K94.7KCereals n.e.c., Fonio, Maize (corn) , Millet, Rice, Sorghum
Eswatini102.7K89.7K97.7KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum, Wheat
Timor Leste101.5K127.6K123.5KMaize (corn), Rice
Jordan92.5K133.2K114.2KBarley, Maize (corn), Millet, Sorghum, Wheat
Bhutan77.7K103.3K103.3KBarley, Buckwheat, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Wheat
Palestine55.7K55.5K55.4KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Sorghum, Wheat
Cyprus52.6K75.7K61.3KBarley, Oats, Rice, Sorghum, Triticale, Wheat
Gabon46.9K46.8K46.6KMaize (corn), Rice,
Comoros37.4K37.5K37.5KMaize (corn), Rice
Republic of the Congo30.6K30.7K31.5KCereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Millet, Rice,
United Arab Emirates23.6K26.4K26.1KMaize (corn)
Papua New Guinea18.3K18.3K18.2KMaize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Kuwait17.5K26.7K31.4KBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Wheat
New Caledonia7.5K10.1K9KMaize (corn), Sorghum, Wheat
Iceland7.5K7.3K7.9KBarley
Montenegro7K6.7K6.9KBarley, Maize (corn), Oats, Rye, Wheat
Trinidad and Tobago5.4K5.7K5.6KMaize (corn), Rice
Qatar3.3K1.5K1KBarley, Cereals n.e.c., Maize (corn), Wheat
Solomon Islands2.7K2.7K2.7KRice
Brunei2.7K2.5K1.5KRice
Jamaica2.1K2K2.1KMaize (corn), Rice
Mauritius1.1K778516Maize (corn), Rice
Vanuatu916913922Maize (corn)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines802848900Maize (corn), Rice
Bahamas668663662Maize (corn), Millet
Sao Tome and Principe598668966Maize (corn)
Cape Verde449432640Maize (corn)
Grenada383381379Maize (corn)
Micronesia283283282Maize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Maldives201200201Maize (corn), Millet, Sorghum
Dominica193193192Maize (corn)
Puerto Rico191186177Maize (corn), Rice
Barbados508642Maize (corn)
Fiji242424Maize (corn), Rice, Sorghum
Djibouti171717Maize (corn)
Antigua and Barbuda111124Maize (corn)
Hong KongRice
Total3.1B3B3B
showing: 179 rows

Which country produces the most cereal?

The biggest wheat producers in the world are China, India, and Russia.

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