Given that the vast majority of people use the internet for a wide variety of purposes, data privacy has been a significant topic of discussion during the past few years. Now, many people realize that companies may collect their data without telling them, and companies can make money by taking this data and selling it to other people. Countries have shown that they care about protecting people's privacy, and there are more than 120 countries that have international data privacy laws. Even though the nature of these data privacy laws can vary from place to place, most countries with ubiquitous internet access have some rules and regulations in place regarding what data can be protected and how it can be used.
Recently, Europe passed a new law regarding how websites can collect and use people's data. Now, when people use the internet in Europe, just about every website has a pop of asking for permission to place cookies on the computer. There are some cookies that always have to be active for the website to work.
On the other hand, there are other cookies that cannot become active without the permission of the user. For example, functional cookies, targeting cookies, and third-party cookies are not allowed to be added to the website without the consent of the user. This makes it easier for users to control what data websites can use and what data they cannot use.
The country with the strictest data privacy laws related to the internet is Iceland. Many people have referred to Iceland as Switzerland for data. It has incredibly strict privacy laws, and these laws were passed in 2000. Therefore, it has one of the oldest data privacy laws on the books as well.
This law states that information can only be obtained for specific purposes. Furthermore, this information can only be collected if the user gives unambiguous, informed consent. Instead of asking people to opt out of having their information collected, they need to opt in to having their information collected. This is what makes Iceland different from some of the other countries in the world.
Yes, the United States does have some data privacy laws, but there is no single piece of legislation that covers everything. Instead, data privacy laws usually refer to the hundreds of smaller pieces of legislation that have been passed over the past several decades. Furthermore, some of these laws were passed before the internet was created, which means they might not be completely irrelevant. This has led to a lot of confusion in the United States regarding what data can be collected and what data cannot be collected. Even though there are some lawmakers who are interested in passing a more comprehensive data protection package, it has not yet made it through the government.
Iceland has the strictest internet and data privacy laws worldwide.