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Employment in Agriculture

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90%

Click on a country for details.

Employment in Agriculture by Country 2024

Agriculture and farming are among the world's oldest professions and industries. It's found in nearly every country on earth, but there can be tremendous differences in how significant it is to each nation's employment picture.

Even in the increasingly digital 21st century, residents of some countries remain almost entirely employed in agriculture. Burundi tops the list with 86% of people working in farming, significantly ahead of second place Madagascar at 74%. Burkina Faso (73%), Niger (71%), and Mozambique (70%) are all close behind. Twenty-five countries worldwide have half or more of their employment in the agriculture sector, overwhelmingly located in Africa. All of the top 10 are found there.

On the low end, a number of notable countries dedicate just 1% of their workforce to agriculture. These include Germany, Great Britain, Canada, Belgium, and Israel, while the United States, Australia, and the Netherlands have just 2% of workers engaged in farming. Other highly developed economies show similar numbers, like France (3%), Japan (3%), Spain (4%), Italy (4%), and South Korea (5%.) Nations with little physical territory are also low on the list, like Qatar (1%), Bahrain (1%), Malta (1%), Luxembourg (1%), and Kuwait (2%). About 70 countries have 10% or less of their workforce in the agriculture industry.

There are a handful of countries that have absolutely no agriculture whatsoever. These are Hong Kong, Singapore, and Guam. The former two are small and highly urbanized, while Guam relies primarily on U.S. military spending and tourism.

It's vital to remember that since these numbers are percentages, they don't reflect the absolute number of agriculture workers in a given country. For example, China's 24% employment in agriculture naturally has tens of millions more people than Mozambique's 70% farming employment. India likely has the largest total number of farming jobs, with 44% of the country's billion-plus population working in the field.

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Country
Employment in Agriculture
Year
Burundi86%2021
Madagascar74%2021
Burkina Faso73%2021
Niger71%2021
Mozambique70%2021
Chad69%2021
Central African Republic69%2021
Mali68%2021
Ethiopia64%2021
Tanzania64%2021
Uganda63%2021
Nepal62%2021
Malawi62%2021
Zimbabwe62%2021
South Sudan62%2021
Eritrea62%2021
Angola59%2021
Zambia59%2021
Guinea59%2021
Laos58%2021
Equatorial Guinea56%2021
Bhutan56%2021
DR Congo55%2021
Rwanda55%2021
Guinea Bissau50%2021
Gambia49%2021
Vanuatu48%2021
Myanmar46%2020
Afghanistan46%2020
Haiti46%2021
Ivory Coast45%2021
India44%2021
North Korea44%2021
Cameroon43%2021
Tajikistan43%2021
Sierra Leone43%2021
Sudan41%2021
Liberia41%2021
Georgia40%2021
Ghana39%2021
Cambodia39%2021
Pakistan38%2021
Moldova38%2021
Solomon Islands38%2021
Bangladesh37%2021
Republic of the Congo36%2021
Nigeria35%2021
Morocco35%2021
Albania35%2021
Comoros35%2021
Azerbaijan34%2021
Kenya33%2021
Thailand32%2021
Ecuador32%2021
Togo31%2021
Armenia30%2021
Lesotho30%2021
Tonga30%2021
Indonesia29%2021
Vietnam29%2021
Guatemala29%2021
Bolivia29%2021
Nicaragua29%2021
Mauritania29%2021
Gabon29%2021
Fiji29%2021
Peru28%2021
Benin28%2021
Sri Lanka26%2021
Somalia26%2021
Honduras25%2021
China24%2021
Philippines24%2021
Uzbekistan24%2021
Mongolia24%2021
Samoa24%2021
Botswana23%2021
Senegal22%2021
Turkmenistan22%2021
Namibia22%2021
South Africa21%2021
Belize21%2021
Egypt20%2021
Iraq20%2021
Paraguay20%2021
Romania19%2021
Cuba18%2021
Sao Tome and Principe18%2021
Papua New Guinea17%2021
Kyrgyzstan17%2021
Costa Rica17%2021
Iran16%2021
Colombia16%2021
Libya16%2021
Panama16%2021
Jamaica16%2021
Ukraine15%2021
Kazakhstan15%2021
El Salvador15%2021
Tunisia14%2021
Serbia14%2021
Guyana13%2021
Mexico12%2021
Syria12%2021
Eswatini12%2021
Greece11%2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina11%2021
North Macedonia11%2021
Cape Verde11%2021
Maldives11%2021
Saint Lucia11%2021
Brazil10%2021
Algeria10%2021
Malaysia10%2021
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines10%2021
Argentina8%2021
Poland8%2021
Dominican Republic8%2021
Belarus8%2021
Uruguay8%2021
Suriname8%2021
Chile7%2021
Croatia7%2021
Latvia7%2021
Montenegro7%2021
Russia6%2021
Bulgaria6%2021
New Zealand6%2021
South Korea5%2021
Portugal5%2021
Lithuania5%2021
Mauritius5%2021
Italy4%2021
Spain4%2021
Hungary4%2021
Austria4%2021
Finland4%2021
Lebanon4%2021
Ireland4%2021
Oman4%2021
Slovenia4%2021
Iceland4%2021
New Caledonia4%2021
Japan3%2021
France3%2021
Saudi Arabia3%2021
Jordan3%2021
Czech Republic3%2021
Trinidad and Tobago3%2021
Estonia3%2021
Cyprus3%2021
Bahamas3%2021
Barbados3%2021
United States2%2021
Australia2%2021
Netherlands2%2021
Sweden2%2021
United Arab Emirates2%2021
Switzerland2%2021
Denmark2%2021
Slovakia2%2021
Norway2%2021
Kuwait2%2021
French Polynesia2%2021
Germany1%2021
United Kingdom1%2021
Canada1%2021
Belgium1%2021
Israel1%2021
Puerto Rico1%2021
Qatar1%2021
Bahrain1%2021
Djibouti1%2021
Macau1%2021
Luxembourg1%2021
Malta1%2021
Brunei1%2021
Hong Kong 2021
Singapore 2021
Guam 2021
showing: 180 rows

Which country has highest employment in agriculture?

Niger, which is a country in West Africa, has the highest employment rate in employment. Nearly 75% of Niger residents work in the agriculture industry.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources