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Slavery Prevalence

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Global Slavery Index by Country 2024

Slavery continues in countries around the world today. Published by Walk Free every five years, The Global Slavery Index highlights the extent and location of modern slavery.

What the Global Slavery Index Means

The Global Slavery Index includes three main markers that reflect the severity of slavery within that nation.

First, the prevalence of slavery per 100,000 people shows the estimated number of people in modern slavery. Higher values in this category reflect a larger problem with slavery compared to other nations.

Second, the index looks at the vulnerability score. This score shows how likely modern slavery can take hold of people within a country. Countries with lower scores have better systems in place to prevent slavery within their boundaries.

Finally, the government response looks at how each government works to end modern slavery. Countries that have more proactive governments have higher scores in this rating.

Due to the variations in what each part of the Global Slavery Index measures, each score needs individual examination rather than looking for all high or all low scores.

Factors that Contribute to the Total Score

Each category of the Global Slavery Index uses different factors to calculate. For example, Walk Free used 75 national surveys to conduct its research for the Global Slavery Index prevalence numbers. These national surveys include thousands of respondents and combine with the Walk Free national vulnerability assessments to calculate the prevalence of slavery in a country.

Vulnerability scores come from 23 research-backed data indicators that fall into five separate categories.

Government response scores come from 141 factors that examine the extent to which countries work toward five slavery-ending milestones.

Countries with the Worst Global Slavery Index Scores

A combination of high slavery prevalence and vulnerability with a low government response shows a nation has the worst environment for reducing modern slavery.

The country with the highest slavery prevalence score as of 2023 was North Korea, which had an estimated 104.60 people out of 100,000 under modern slavery conditions. This nation also had the lowest government response score of -3. It was the only country with a negative score in this category.

South Sudan had the highest vulnerability score of 100.

Countries that Have the Best Values on the Global Slavery Index

The best values on the Global Slavery Index are low slavery prevalence and vulnerability scores and a high government response.

Switzerland and Norway both tied for the lowest slavery prevalence scores of 0.50. Norway also had the lowest vulnerability score, 1. The United Kingdom had the best government response rate of 68.

  • Slavery Prevalence scores indicate the number of people living in modern slavery per 1,000 residents.
  • Vulnerability scores range from 1 to 100, with lower scores indicating less vulnerability and higher scores indicating greater vulnerability.
  • Government Response scores range from 1 to 100, with lower scores indicating less government action and higher scores indicating increased government action.

Download Table Data

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Country
Slavery Prevalence
Vulnerability Score
Government Response Score
North Korea104.6067-3
Eritrea90.30665
Mauritania326635
Saudi Arabia21.305349
Turkey15.605149
Tajikistan146736
United Arab Emirates13.404050
Russia136024
Afghanistan1386
Kuwait133937
Ukraine12.804851
North Macedonia12.603858
Myanmar12.106742
Turkmenistan11.904726
Albania11.804062
Belarus11.304147
Kazakhstan11.104246
Pakistan10.608037
Azerbaijan10.605759
South Sudan10.30100
Papua New Guinea10.307931
Bosnia and Herzegovina10.103658
Jordan104946
Venezuela9.506627
Moldova9.503647
Armenia8.904854
Syria8.7083
Kyrgyzstan8.705547
Bulgaria8.502655
Haiti8.206637
El Salvador8.105245
India85646
Republic of the Congo87728
Cyprus82158
Nigeria7.807654
Philippines7.806659
Colombia7.805146
Guatemala7.805747
Georgia7.803862
Equatorial Guinea7.806922
Slovakia7.701658
Ecuador7.604851
Lebanon7.606033
Gabon7.605924
Romania7.502658
Burundi7.507729
Uzbekistan7.405646
Ivory Coast7.305937
Nicaragua7.305436
Jamaica7.304551
Bolivia7.204747
Bangladesh7.105849
Iran7.10688
Peru7.104755
Djibouti7.105736
Honduras76247
Serbia73456
Libya6.808010
Qatar6.803849
Indonesia6.704950
Bahrain6.704055
Mexico6.605855
Dominican Republic6.604146
Hungary6.601955
Sri Lanka6.505649
Oman6.504038
Gambia6.505836
Greece6.402162
Paraguay6.404749
Ethiopia6.306745
Malaysia6.303745
Somalia6.209818
Lithuania6.102158
Yemen689
Chad5.908424
Cameroon5.807041
Thailand5.704655
Iraq5.508233
Poland5.501955
Cuba5.404331
Mali5.207331
Laos5.205246
Central African Republic5.209827
Croatia5.203059
Zambia5.105845
Brazil54751
Kenya56646
Cambodia55842
Zimbabwe57527
Malawi4.905538
Panama4.703351
Trinidad and Tobago4.703849
Madagascar4.606042
Niger4.607637
DR Congo4.509436
Guinea Bissau4.508033
Slovenia4.40956
Egypt4.305944
Rwanda4.305350
Uganda4.206246
Argentina4.203658
Czech Republic4.201359
Guyana4.204151
Vietnam4.104447
Angola4.106144
Estonia4.101556
China44640
Sudan48226
Guinea46636
Mongolia45040
Portugal3.80667
Israel3.803545
Burkina Faso3.705636
Eswatini3.605936
South Korea3.502938
Sierra Leone3.405533
Latvia3.401759
United States3.302567
Italy3.302259
Nepal3.304645
Togo3.305733
Chile3.202255
Costa Rica3.202451
Liberia3.105641
Mozambique36745
Benin34840
Tanzania2.905342
Ghana2.904545
Senegal2.905340
Hong Kong2.802832
South Africa2.705253
Namibia2.404744
Spain2.301063
Morocco2.304440
Tunisia2.304847
France2.101362
Singapore2.102447
Algeria1.904336
Austria1.90862
Uruguay1.902756
United Kingdom1.801468
Canada1.801160
Botswana1.804542
Taiwan1.702147
Australia1.60767
New Zealand1.60854
Lesotho1.605940
Mauritius1.502036
Finland1.40560
Japan1.101144
Ireland1.10963
Belgium11159
Germany0.601162
Netherlands0.60667
Sweden0.60763
Denmark0.60662
Switzerland0.501450
Norway0.50163
Fiji46
Solomon Islands31
Luxembourg51
Suriname31
Montenegro60
Cape Verde31
Malta49
Maldives37
Brunei35
Belize45
Bahamas53
Iceland47
Vanuatu26
Barbados41
Saint Lucia51
Seychelles33
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines45
Antigua and Barbuda44
Liechtenstein31
Palau27
showing: 178 rows

Which country has the highest rate of slavery?

Several countries still have many instances of slavery, but it's India that has the highest rate. Nearly 8 million total slaves live in captivity in India.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources