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2021 Goat Population

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40M

60M

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100M

120M

140M

160M

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Goat Population by Country 2024

Goats are incredibly versatile animals, inhabiting every continent except Antarctica, with a staggering 93.4% residing in Asia and Africa. Their presence is crucial in both less populated and industrialized countries, serving various roles from livelihood sustenance to agricultural production.

In Asia, which is home to 57.7% of the world's goat population, these animals were first domesticated around 10,000 years ago. Meanwhile, Africa raises approximately 35.7% of the global goat population, with a significant 60% concentration in the sub-Saharan region, including countries like Chad and Ethiopia.

The pygmy goat, prevalent in West and Central Africa, stands out as the most common and valuable breed. Known for its fertility and resistance to diseases and infections, the pygmy goat is a critical resource for the region. In contrast, Spanish explorers introduced goats to North America in the 17th century, laying the groundwork for a diverse goat farming industry in the United States. Today, the U.S. farms over two million goats for meat, milk, and mohair, with significant meat goat populations in Texas, Tennessee, Georgia, Oklahoma, and Kentucky, and milk-producing goats predominantly in Texas, California, Wisconsin, Iowa, and New York.

Australia presents a unique case with its 2.3 million feral goats, descendants of cashmere and angora breeds, primarily utilized for cashmere production. These feral goats tend to inhabit rugged terrains as a defense against predators. Despite being the world’s leading goat meat exporter, Australia contributes a relatively small amount to the global market.

Globally, wild goats are adapted to diverse habitats, including forests, shrublands, and rocky regions. In West Asia, they span areas from Turkey and the Caucasus in the west to Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan in the east. The Eurasian, North African, and Pakistani regions are home to wild ibex goats.

In North America, mountain goats are primarily found in Alaska's Chugach mountains, with introduced populations in several U.S. states and parts of Canada, including British Columbia, Alberta, and Yukon. This geographical spread underscores the adaptability and importance of goats in various ecosystems and human economies across the world.

Notes:
- For countries in which official figures are unavailable, imputed values or best available estimates are used.
- Values marked with a * in the 2020 column are from 2019, the most recent data available.

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Country
2021 Goat Population
2020 Goat Population
India148,747,429150,628,801
China133,316,400133,452,500
Pakistan80,326,00078,207,000
Nigeria76,292,15376,728,792
Bangladesh59,953,43258,742,402
Ethiopia47,309,69552,463,535
Chad43,735,65741,190,044
Kenya32,570,31436,021,177
Sudan32,420,40432,228,194
Mali29,201,07927,810,553
Mongolia26,456,08927,720,253
Tanzania21,277,51820,692,101
Niger19,585,74918,832,451
Indonesia19,229,06718,689,711
Burkina Faso17,038,61016,587,000
Iran16,954,89516,663,721
Uganda16,140,94916,022,522
South Sudan14,412,72217,590,326
Nepal13,442,61412,811,953
Turkey12,341,51411,985,845
Brazil11,923,63012,101,298
Somalia11,629,11511,670,113
Malawi11,594,69710,727,448
Yemen9,343,9089,610,672
Mexico8,786,0278,830,720
Ghana8,422,2438,204,925
Afghanistan7,990,4847,910,641
Mauritania7,476,4457,335,177
Central African Republic6,515,2826,385,596
Senegal6,385,6746,489,523
Morocco6,207,3915,960,600
Saudi Arabia6,095,7896,100,000
Cameroon5,652,7545,709,786
Zimbabwe5,289,6465,931,983
South Africa5,150,1635,170,127
Algeria5,029,0424,908,168
Angola4,572,5624,473,139
Togo4,481,9104,694,965
Argentina4,280,9034,695,830
Zambia4,177,2273,988,880
DR Congo4,125,7644,118,849
Ivory Coast3,993,5763,657,168
Guinea3,947,8343,699,431
Australia3,933,6933,880,324
Philippines3,868,3373,813,454
Mozambique3,862,8954,012,341
North Korea3,790,7943,753,000
Uzbekistan3,643,2003,629,600
Burundi3,281,2093,365,897
Greece2,844,0002,869,000
Vietnam2,720,9552,654,573
Libya2,636,8022,627,932
Spain2,589,7602,651,040
United States2,586,0002,655,000
Oman2,443,1502,395,243
United Arab Emirates2,381,5252,399,264
Turkmenistan2,372,3582,375,891
Kazakhstan2,281,5132,307,969
Bolivia2,281,2522,266,351
Myanmar2,145,0002,145,200
Tajikistan2,044,9291,951,356
Benin2,042,7582,010,000
Haiti1,912,5731,880,649
Syria1,906,5421,995,923
Eritrea1,888,9491,881,648
Russia1,874,5241,962,609
Namibia1,868,9051,873,723
Peru1,754,9681,801,257
Rwanda1,625,1171,745,806
Venezuela1,588,3071,584,917
Madagascar1,498,0791,474,905
Romania1,492,5001,611,800
France1,387,7701,413,980
Iraq1,376,3931,352,388
Botswana1,217,8171,243,168
Colombia1,149,0541,136,839
Tunisia1,097,8541,121,292
Italy1,060,7501,065,710
Egypt862,172925,000
Jordan803,940762,752
Guinea Bissau803,337792,412
Albania775,337774,332
Lesotho762,486628,561
Sierra Leone751,245769,872
Kyrgyzstan742,507770,704
Laos711,218682,000
Cuba656,690713,900
Azerbaijan585,520605,925
Jamaica577,798570,140
Netherlands575,000557,000
Lebanon531,289527,466
Ukraine519,400545,700
Djibouti519,169518,558
Thailand488,883477,170
Chile432,427436,105
South Korea401,066388,553
Qatar384,703458,835
Liberia361,855356,620
Sri Lanka361,740334,430
Portugal350,470368,420
Gambia335,557336,088
Malaysia328,944324,355
Republic of the Congo327,214326,667
Fiji265,874264,590
Eswatini255,048256,723
Palestine239,966213,826
Dominican Republic226,792227,779
Kuwait219,756214,259
Bulgaria215,000253,400
Timor Leste205,801190,083
Serbia195,037202,325
Germany164,000161,000
Cape Verde143,619131,737
Moldova142,000145,278
Taiwan126,067130,595
Comoros121,228121,164
Gabon117,657115,460
New Zealand116,666116,666
Israel116,000116,293
Guatemala114,566NaN
United Kingdom111,000112,000
Paraguay105,684109,303
Austria100,60092,760
Croatia86,00086,000
Guyana82,86382,706
Switzerland82,18479,562
North Macedonia75,75395,008
Costa Rica73,92867,000
Norway69,32067,007
Bhutan59,57744,119
Ecuador57,84914,092
Belarus55,40059,200
Poland54,09144,204
Georgia50,30049,700
Bosnia and Herzegovina48,37271,336
Hungary45,60047,000
Canada30,02530,019
Montenegro28,53927,823
Slovenia25,68425,680
Czech Republic25,40928,919
Mauritius25,17225,782
Honduras25,02425,012
Bahrain25,00021,000
Armenia22,52222,934
Antigua and Barbuda22,33023,046
Uruguay18,12518,025
French Polynesia16,49016,488
Japan16,26516,314
Vanuatu16,12816,050
Bahamas15,10815,063
Lithuania14,70014,700
Tonga14,32614,154
El Salvador14,00514,283
Saint Lucia13,25512,738
Latvia11,40011,480
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines10,19010,029
Equatorial Guinea9,9009,839
Dominica9,7059,705
Panama9,1169,030
Nicaragua7,8747,809
Grenada6,9516,866
Trinidad and Tobago6,5507,824
Sao Tome and Principe5,9665,906
Finland5,9006,000
Seychelles5,7695,732
Malta5,6405,530
Barbados5,5685,543
Saint Kitts and Nevis5,5136,661
Micronesia4,8014,728
Suriname4,2353,814
Brunei4,1696,110
Papua New Guinea3,0953,088
Puerto Rico2,8222,835
New Caledonia1,8512,000
Iceland1,6721,621
Cook Islands911921
Singapore741727
Hong Kong703700
Belize188188
Tuvalu
SwedenNaN
DenmarkNaN
SlovakiaNaN
IrelandNaN
EstoniaNaN
Cyprus261,110
LuxembourgNaN
Guadeloupe114,389
World1,110,867,4901,115,165,924
showing: 188 rows

Which country has the most goats?

The country that has the highest population of goats is the country of India. There are nearly 149 billion goats living in India today.

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