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International Maritime Organization 2024

The International Maritime Organization often referred to as the IMO, is an intergovernmental organization that acts as a special agency of the United Nations, primarily responsible for regulating shipping around the globe. The IMO currently has 175 member states and a further 3 associate members that are not fully ratified within the organization.

The IMO develops and maintains an extraordinarily detailed and further comprehensive framework regarding shipping and receiving. This includes safety, environmental and climate change concerns, legality, co-operation, security, and the efficiency and efficacy of shipping between nations. The organization's governing body is an assembly of members, which meets biannually. Financing this large operation is administered by a group of 40 members who are elected from the assembly. The IMO has a complicated hierarchy structure, which reflects the number of members that it has on its board. There are five committees, and these in turn are additionally supported by the technical subcommittee. The UN is allowed to observe the proceedings of the IMO.

How was the International Maritime Organization Founded?

The IMO was initially established in 1948 after a UN conference that was held in Geneva. This put the inkling of a thought in the minds of other nations and eventually was created in 1959, which was also the date of the first meeting. Until 1982, the IMO was known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization. It is currently headquartered in the capital of the United Kingdom, London.

This came at a time when there had been many global issues surrounding the state of shipping and preservation of natural bodies of water. This began firstly with the safety of seafaring after the notorious sinking of the large ship Titanic in 1914. Furthermore, issues began arising over safety for passengers and cargo, security for the open seas, trade relations, and limiting the risk of pollutants and inconsistent standards.

What is the Main Objective of the International Maritime Organization?

The current priorities that spend much of the IMO's time have included amending the rules presented in SOLAS, which is the international convention for the safety of life at sea. In these amendments, the IMO included upgraded fire protection standards on ships that contain passengers. Another amendment was the international convention on standards of training, certification, and watchkeeping for seafarers (STCW) which put forth the basic regulations and requirements on the training and certification for seafarers.

The IMO is responsible for harmonizing all information that is available to seafarers and shoer-side traiffc services. This is called e-Naviation - and was ratified in 2005. The implementation of this strategy was led by three IMO subcommittees and completed in 2014. The IMO works closely with US international and interagency efforts to establish Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA).

The IMO has a large responsibility for tackling greenhouse emissions and oil spills. This comes as a result of internal shipping and also the current mechanisms and applications that ships use to navigate and transport. The IMo also mitigates the global effects of ballast water and sediment discharge, which was entered into enforcement in 2017.

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Country
Member Status
Joining Year
IndiaFull1959
ChinaFull1973
United StatesFull1950
IndonesiaFull1961
PakistanFull1958
NigeriaFull1962
BrazilFull1963
BangladeshFull1976
RussiaFull1958
EthiopiaFull1975
MexicoFull1954
JapanFull1958
PhilippinesFull1964
EgyptFull1958
DR CongoFull1973
VietnamFull1984
IranFull1958
TurkeyFull1958
GermanyFull1959
ThailandFull1973
TanzaniaFull1974
United KingdomFull1949
FranceFull1952
South AfricaFull1995
ItalyFull1957
KenyaFull1973
MyanmarFull1951
ColombiaFull1974
South KoreaFull1962
UgandaFull2009
SudanFull1974
SpainFull1962
IraqFull1973
AlgeriaFull1963
ArgentinaFull1953
PolandFull1960
CanadaFull1948
MoroccoFull1962
UkraineFull1994
AngolaFull1977
Saudi ArabiaFull1969
YemenFull1979
MozambiqueFull1979
GhanaFull1959
PeruFull1968
MalaysiaFull1971
NepalFull1979
MadagascarFull1961
Ivory CoastFull1960
VenezuelaFull1975
CameroonFull1961
AustraliaFull1952
North KoreaFull1986
Sri LankaFull1972
MalawiFull1989
ZambiaFull2014
KazakhstanFull1994
ChileFull1972
RomaniaFull1965
SomaliaFull1978
EcuadorFull1956
GuatemalaFull1983
SenegalFull1960
NetherlandsFull1949
CambodiaFull1961
ZimbabweFull2005
GuineaFull1975
BeninFull1980
BoliviaFull1987
TunisiaFull1963
HaitiFull1953
BelgiumFull1951
Dominican RepublicFull1953
JordanFull1973
CubaFull1966
HondurasFull1954
SwedenFull1959
Papua New GuineaFull1976
Czech RepublicFull1993
AzerbaijanFull1995
GreeceFull1958
PortugalFull1976
HungaryFull1970
United Arab EmiratesFull1980
BelarusFull2016
IsraelFull1952
TogoFull1983
Sierra LeoneFull1973
AustriaFull1975
SwitzerlandFull1955
NicaraguaFull1982
SerbiaFull2000
LibyaFull1970
ParaguayFull1993
BulgariaFull1960
TurkmenistanFull1993
El SalvadorFull1981
Republic of the CongoFull1975
SingaporeFull1966
DenmarkFull1959
SlovakiaFull1993
FinlandFull1959
LiberiaFull1959
NorwayFull1958
New ZealandFull1960
Costa RicaFull1981
LebanonFull1966
IrelandFull1951
MauritaniaFull1961
OmanFull1974
PanamaFull1958
KuwaitFull1960
CroatiaFull1992
EritreaFull1993
GeorgiaFull1993
MongoliaFull1996
UruguayFull1968
MoldovaFull2001
Bosnia and HerzegovinaFull1993
GambiaFull1979
AlbaniaFull1993
JamaicaFull1976
ArmeniaFull2018
QatarFull1977
BotswanaFull2021
LithuaniaFull1995
NamibiaFull1994
GabonFull1976
Guinea BissauFull1977
SloveniaFull1993
North MacedoniaFull1993
LatviaFull1993
Equatorial GuineaFull1972
Trinidad and TobagoFull1965
BahrainFull1976
Timor LesteFull2005
EstoniaFull1992
MauritiusFull1978
CyprusFull1973
DjiboutiFull1979
FijiFull1983
ComorosFull2001
GuyanaFull1980
Solomon IslandsFull1988
LuxembourgFull1991
SurinameFull1976
MontenegroFull2006
Cape VerdeFull1976
MaltaFull1966
MaldivesFull1967
BruneiFull1984
BelizeFull1990
BahamasFull1976
IcelandFull1960
VanuatuFull1986
BarbadosFull1970
Sao Tome and PrincipeFull1990
SamoaFull1996
Saint LuciaFull1980
KiribatiFull2003
GrenadaFull1998
TongaFull2000
SeychellesFull1978
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesFull1981
Antigua and BarbudaFull1986
DominicaFull1979
Saint Kitts and NevisFull2001
Marshall IslandsFull1998
MonacoFull1989
San MarinoFull2002
PalauFull2011
Cook IslandsFull2008
NauruFull2018
TuvaluFull2004
Hong KongAssociate1967
MacauAssociate1990
Faroe IslandsAssociate2002
showing: 177 rows

What is the International Maritime Organization?

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is an agency that covers all aspects of international shipping, including boat design, construction, equipment, personnel, operation, and disposal.

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