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Total Participation

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

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Labor Force Participation Rate by Country 2024

A crude explanation of the labor force participation rate is that it measures what percentage of the working-age population is actually engaged in employment. It is calculated by dividing the number of people in the labor force by the total population of 15 to 64-year-olds.

There are many reasons why someone would not participate in the workforce. For example, some students have family support to attend school without needing to work. Others, especially women, may be unable to work due to a lack of childcare. Finally, disability may make it impossible for some people to work. Labor force participation is most effective when examined within the context of information. For example, it can be used to examine the impact of childcare costs and policies on whether women choose to work. It may also be helpful as scientists examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as a mass-disabling event.

According to the OECD, the average labor force participation rate is 81.9%. However, the lowest rate is 63.3% (Turkey), and the highest rate is 89.3% (Sweden). Spain and the United Kingdom both have average labor participation rates. The European Union has a labor participation rate of 81.2%, putting it below the average participation rate but higher than the total participation (78.8%). There are several countries that fall between the average and total participation rates: Belgium (79.1%), Argentina (79.2%), Poland (80.8%), France (81.0%), Luxembourg (81.2%), Israel (81.2%), and Austria (81.4%). Besides Turkey, fifteen other countries fall below the total rate of labor participation: the United States, Greece, Columbia, Korea, Croatia, Indonesia, Chile, Costa Rica, Romania, Brazil, Italy, North Macedonia, Mexico, South Africa, and India.

It's important to remember that labor force participation is only one measure of a country's economy, and a single data point often doesn't give a clear understanding of what is happening. For example, it's interesting to note that although Canada has a higher labor participation rate than the US, 81.9% compared to 78.1%, Canada also has a higher rate of unemployment. The unemployment rate in Canada is 10.5% while the unemployment rate in the US is only 8.4%.

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Country
Total Participation
Female Participation
Male Participation
Qatar88.3%60.6%96.9%
Madagascar85.9%83.7%88.1%
Solomon Islands83.7%82.2%85.2%
Tanzania82.9%79.3%86.8%
United Arab Emirates82.7%56.2%92.8%
Ethiopia80.6%75.1%86.1%
Burundi79.8%81.5%78%
Mozambique78.6%78.3%78.8%
Eritrea77.7%71.1%84.8%
Angola77%75.1%79.1%
Liberia76.8%72.6%81.1%
Iceland76.6%72.5%80.5%
Cambodia75.5%69.4%81.9%
North Korea74.8%69.8%79.9%
Kenya74.4%72.8%76.1%
Vietnam73.6%69.1%78.4%
Niger73.5%62.5%84.2%
Bahamas72.4%66.3%79.3%
Bahrain71.9%44.7%86.8%
Cameroon71.7%67.4%76.1%
Paraguay71.7%60.1%83.5%
Kuwait71.7%48.1%85.9%
South Sudan71.2%71.2%71.2%
Central African Republic70.7%63.7%77.7%
New Zealand70.5%66%75.1%
Peru70.4%64.4%76.6%
Jamaica70.2%63.7%76.9%
Bolivia69.9%59.8%80.1%
Uganda69.8%67.7%72%
Kazakhstan69.8%65.2%74.9%
Saint Lucia69.6%65.4%73.9%
Singapore69.3%62.2%75.7%
Vanuatu69.2%60.6%78%
Macau68.7%63.8%74.4%
Ghana68.6%65.1%72.2%
Oman68.2%33.3%87.6%
Mali68%55.2%80.6%
Republic of the Congo67.7%67%68.4%
Malawi67.5%63.2%72.1%
Switzerland67.2%62.2%72.3%
Timor Leste67.2%61.7%72.5%
Indonesia67.1%53.1%81%
Ecuador67%55.2%79%
DR Congo66.3%63.1%69.5%
Panama66.3%55.6%77.2%
China66.2%60.4%72%
Zimbabwe66.1%61.3%71.9%
Nicaragua66%49.4%83.5%
Malaysia65.8%52.7%78.6%
Netherlands65.8%60.8%70.9%
Haiti65.8%62.3%69.3%
Australia65.7%61.2%70.2%
Thailand65.6%57.9%74%
Azerbaijan65.6%63%68.5%
Ivory Coast65.4%57.5%73.1%
Burkina Faso65.3%58%72.9%
Estonia65%59.8%70.8%
Belize65%50.2%79.9%
Botswana64.9%60%70%
Dominican Republic64.8%53%76.6%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines64.8%54.9%74.3%
Ireland64.7%59.3%70.3%
Sweden64.6%61.5%67.7%
Norway64.4%63.7%65.1%
Lesotho64.4%57.4%71.6%
Canada64.3%60.2%68.5%
Brunei64.2%55.8%72.1%
Colombia63.7%51.9%76.2%
Uruguay63.7%56.9%71.1%
Maldives63.7%43.1%78.1%
Honduras63.6%49.8%77.3%
Israel63.6%60.2%67.1%
Georgia63.4%55.3%73%
Malta63.3%53.8%71.9%
Cyprus63.2%57.3%69.2%
Japan63.1%54.6%72.1%
South Korea63%53.6%72.4%
Lithuania62.9%58.4%68.2%
Brazil62.7%53.3%72.7%
Belarus62.7%57.1%69.5%
Denmark62.7%58.3%67.1%
United Kingdom62.6%58.7%66.6%
Benin62.5%56.2%68.9%
Armenia62.3%57.6%68.5%
Russia62.2%55.3%70.4%
Bhutan62.2%54.1%69.2%
United States62%56.5%67.6%
Germany61.7%56.5%67.1%
Slovakia61.7%55.6%68.3%
Costa Rica61.7%50.4%73.2%
Guam61.7%55.7%67.8%
Gambia61.6%57.4%65.9%
Latvia61.4%55.6%68.3%
Austria61.3%55.9%66.8%
Mexico61.1%45.8%77.6%
Luxembourg61.1%57.3%64.8%
Barbados60.7%57.9%63.9%
Zambia60.5%53.9%67.4%
Czech Republic60.5%52.7%68.6%
Mongolia60.2%53.1%67.7%
Myanmar60.1%44.7%76%
Finland59.9%57%62.9%
Chad59.5%48.3%70.8%
Argentina59.4%50%69.3%
Albania59.4%52.3%66.6%
Kyrgyzstan59.3%45.3%74.6%
Saudi Arabia59.2%28.1%80.2%
Hungary59.2%51.8%67.3%
El Salvador59.2%45.8%74.7%
Nigeria59%52.2%65.6%
Namibia59%55.8%62.5%
Philippines58.8%46.3%71%
Guatemala58.8%37.2%81.3%
Portugal58.8%54.6%63.5%
Laos58.8%55.4%62.2%
Bangladesh58.7%37.7%80.5%
Taiwan58.5%50.9%66.3%
Hong Kong58.5%53.4%64.8%
Poland58.3%50.7%66.6%
Mauritius58.3%45.7%71.5%
Slovenia58.2%53.8%62.5%
South Africa58%51.9%64.7%
Chile58%47.9%68.4%
Togo58%56.4%59.6%
Spain57.6%52.5%62.9%
Bulgaria57.2%51.1%63.7%
Montenegro57%50.1%64.5%
Fiji56.8%38.2%75.5%
Western Sahara56.7%30.4%76.9%
New Caledonia56.6%52.3%60.9%
Serbia56.5%48.5%65.3%
Cape Verde56.4%50.3%62.7%
Uzbekistan56.2%39.8%73%
France55.8%52%59.9%
Suriname55.7%46%65.7%
French Polynesia55.6%49.1%62%
Equatorial Guinea55.3%51.3%58.7%
Cuba55.2%41.9%68.9%
Trinidad and Tobago54.8%46.9%63.1%
Belgium54.7%50.3%59.2%
Ukraine54.6%47.8%62.9%
North Macedonia54.6%43.7%65.8%
Rwanda54.1%47.8%60.9%
Romania54%44.2%64.6%
Sao Tome and Principe53.8%38%69.9%
Venezuela53.7%41.2%66.8%
Samoa53.7%41%66.2%
Tonga53.4%42.4%65.1%
Sierra Leone53.2%51%55.4%
Pakistan52.6%24.6%80.7%
Turkey52.6%34.3%71.1%
United States Virgin Islands52.4%43%63.6%
Guinea52.3%41.6%63.6%
Croatia51.8%46%58.1%
Senegal51.4%38.8%64.9%
Greece50.7%43.9%57.9%
Sri Lanka50.6%33%70.3%
Eswatini50.5%47.2%54%
Guyana49.7%39.3%60.9%
India49.6%24.1%73.8%
Italy49.5%41.1%58.5%
Bosnia and Herzegovina49.2%39%59.9%
Sudan48.8%29.5%68.6%
Gabon48%39.4%56.2%
Libya47.9%34.8%60.8%
Lebanon47.5%29.3%67.6%
Papua New Guinea46.9%46.2%47.5%
Turkmenistan46%47.2%44.7%
Tunisia45.9%26.4%66.5%
Morocco45.4%21.6%69.2%
Syria44.6%17.1%72.6%
Comoros44.2%33.3%55.1%
Iran42.8%16.1%69.3%
Moldova42.1%38.4%46.3%
Egypt41.8%15.2%68.2%
Afghanistan41.6%16.5%66.7%
Iraq41%12%70.7%
Tajikistan40.9%31.1%50.8%
Algeria40.8%16.6%64.2%
Mauritania40.8%26.4%56.5%
Nepal40.2%28.8%53.3%
Puerto Rico39.9%31%50%
Jordan39.7%14.9%62.4%
Yemen38.6%6.4%70.7%
Somalia33.9%21.2%46.9%
Djibouti31.5%18.3%45%
showing: 186 rows

Which country has the highest labor participation rate?

Qatar has the highest labor participation rate of around 88%.

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