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Names of Countries in Their Own Language 2024

India's population is the largest in the world at 1.3 billion. In India, there are ten languages that use different scripts, including Assamese, Punjabi, Hindi, Gujarati, English, and more. Bhārat, Bharôt, Bhāratadēsam, the Republic of India, and Bhāratam are examples of names of countries in the Indian languages.

We think of English when we think of the United Kingdom, but within the UK, there are a number of languages, including Welsh, Scots, Scots Gaelic, Irish, and Cornish. Y Deyrnas Unedig, Rìoghachd Aonaichte, and the common English variations of Britain and the UK are country names in languages in the United Kingdom.

The word for Germany in German is Österreich, which means "eastern realm" and was first used in 996. In Belgium, Dutch, French, and German are the common languages. The words for Belgium are België, Belgique, Belgien.

Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. The Portuguese word for Brazil is Brasil. While many languages are spoken in China, Mandarin Chinese is the official language spoken by over 1 billion people. The Mandarin Chinese word for China is Zhōngguó 中国.

French, Lingala, and Swahili are the three languages in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The words for the Democratic Republic of the Congo are République démocratique du Congo, Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki, and Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo.

Danish is the official language of Denmark, and the name of the country in Danish is Danmark. The official language of Egypt is Arabic. The word for Egypt in Arabic is مصر Misr.

In Germany, German is the official language. Germans refer to Germany as Deutschland. The Greek word for Greece is Hellas Ελλάς and has been used since the 12th century BC.

The Cantonese word for Hong Kong is Heung Gong, 香港. English is also an official language in Hong Kong. Nahuatl and Spanish are the native languages of Mexico. The words for Mexico in Nahuatl and Spanish are Mēxihco and México.

The Japanese refer to Japan as Nippon 日本. The word Japan was first used in 1577.

- For countries whose formal names are preceded by a definite article (such as 'the'), the definite article is listed in parenthesis after the name.

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Country
Name
Additional Formal Names
Additional Languages
Additional Short Names
Formal Name
Short Name
AfghanistanDariدِ أَفْغَانِسْتَان إِسْلامِی جُمْهُورِيَت - Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūrīyat (Dê)Pashtoأَفْغَانِسْتَان - Afghanistānجُمْهُورِئ إِسْلامِئ أَفْغَانِسْتَان - Jomhūrī-ye Eslami-ye Afghanestanأَفْغَانِسْتَان - Afghanestan
AlbaniaAlbanianRepublika e ShqipërisëShqipëri/Shqipëria
AlgeriaArabicالجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية - Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqrātīyah ash Sha'biyahالجزائر - Al Jaza'ir
AndorraCatalanPrincipat d'AndorraAndorra
AngolaPortugueseRepública de Angola (a)Angola
Antigua and BarbudaEnglishAntigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda
ArgentinaSpanishRepública Argentina (la)Argentina (la)
ArmeniaArmenianՀայաստանի Հանրապետություն - Hayastani Hanrapetut'yunՀայաստան - Hayastan
AustraliaEnglishAustraliaAustralia
AustriaGermanRepublik Österreich (die)Österreich
AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniAzǝrbaycan RespublikasıAzǝrbaycan
BahamasEnglishCommonwealth of the Bahamas (The)Bahamas (The)
BahrainArabicمملكة البحرين - Mamlakat al Bahraynالبحرين - Al Bahrayn
BangladeshBengaliগণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ - Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṁlādeshবাংলাদেশ - Bāṁlādesh
BarbadosEnglishBarbadosBarbados
BelarusBelarusianРеспублика Беларусь - Respublika Belarus'RussianБеларусь - Belarus'Рэспубліка Беларусь - Respublika BielaruśБеларусь - Bielaruś
BelgiumDutchle Royaume de Belgique | Königreich Belgien (das)French | GermanBelgique (la) | BelgienKoninkrijk België (het)België
BelizeEnglishBelizeBelize
BeninFrenchla République du BéninBénin (le)
BhutanDzongkhaDruk GyalkhapDruk yul
BoliviaSpanishEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia (el)Bolivia
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnianBosna i Hercegovina | Босна и Херцеговина - Bosna i HercegovinaCroatian | SerbianBosna i Hercegovina | Босна и Херцеговина - Bosna i HercegovinaBosna i HercegovinaBosna i Hercegovina
BotswanaEnglishRepublic of Botswana (The)Botswana
BrazilPortugueseRepública Federativa do Brasil (a)Brasil (o)
BruneiEnglishNegara Brunei DarussalamMalayBruneiBrunei DarussalamBrunei Darussalam
BulgariaBulgarianРепублика България - Republika BulgariaБългария - Bulgaria
Burkina FasoFrenchBurkina Faso (le)Burkina (le)
BurundiFrenchRepublika y'UburundiKirundiBurundiRépublique du Burundi (la)Burundi (le)
CambodiaKhmerPreăhréachéanachâkr KâmpŭchéaKâmpŭchéa
CameroonEnglishla République du CamerounFrenchCamerooun (le)Republic of Cameroon (The)Cameroon
CanadaEnglishle CanadaFrenchCanada (le)CanadaCanada
Cape VerdePortugueseKödörösêse tî BêafrîkaSangoKödörösêse tî BêafrîkaRepública de Cabo Verde (a)Cabo Verde
Central African RepublicFrenchRépublique centrafricaine (la)République centrafricaine (la)
ChadArabicla République du TchadFrenchTchad (le)جمهورية تشاد - Jumhuriyat Tshadتشاد - Tshad
ChileSpanishRepública de Chile (la)Chile
ChinaChineseتشاد - TshadZhonghua Renmin GongheguoZhongguo
ColombiaSpanishRepública de Colombia (la)Colombia
ComorosArabicl'Union des Comores | Udzima wa KomoriFrench | KomoriComores (les) | Shikomorاتحاد جزر القمر - Ittihad al Qamarجزر القمر - Al Qamar
Costa RicaSpanishRepública de Costa Rica (la)Costa Rica
CroatiaCroatianRepublika HrvatskaHrvatska
CubaSpanishRepública de Cuba (la)Cuba
CyprusGreekKıbrıs CumhuriyetiTurkishKıbrısΚυπριακή Δημοκρατία - Kypriakí DimokratíaΚύπρος - Kýpros
Czech RepublicCzechČeská republikaČesko
DenmarkDanishKongeriget DanmarkDanmark
DjiboutiArabicla République de DjiboutiFrenchDjibouti (masc.)جمهورية جيبوتي - Jumhuriyat Jibutiجيبوتي - Jibuti
DominicaEnglishCommonwealth of Dominica (The)Dominica
Dominican RepublicSpanishRepública Dominicana (la)Dominicana (la)
DR CongoFrenchRépublique démocratique du Congo (la)République démocratique du Congo (la)
EcuadorSpanishRepública del Ecuador (la)Ecuador (el)
EgyptArabicجمهورية مصر العربية - Jumhūrīyat Mişr al 'Arabīyahمصر - Mişr
El SalvadorSpanishRepública de El Salvador (la)El Salvador
Equatorial GuineaFrenchla República de Guinea EcuatorialSpanishGuinea Ecuatorial (la)République de Guinée équatoriale (la)Guinée équatoriale (la)
EritreaArabicDawlat Iritriya | Hagera IertraEnglish | IertraEritrea | Tigrinyaإريتريا - Dawlat Iritriyaإريتريا - Iritriya
EstoniaEstonianEesti VabariikEesti
EswatiniEnglishUmbuso weSwatiniSwatieSwatiniKingdom of Eswatini (The)Eswatini
EthiopiaAmharicYeItyop'iya Federalawi Dimokrasiyawi RipeblikItyop'iya
FijiEnglishMatanitu ko VitiFijianVitiRepublic of the Fiji Islands (The)Fiji
FinlandFinnishRepubliken FinlandSwedishFinlandSuomen tasavaltaSuomi
FranceFrenchRépublique française (la)France (la)
GabonFrenchRépublique gabonaise (la)Gabon (le)
GambiaEnglishIslamic Republic of The Gambia (The)Gambia (The)
GeorgiaGeorgianსაქართველო - Sak'art'veloსაქართველო - Sak'art'velo
GermanyGermanBundesrepublik Deutschland (die)Deutschland
GhanaEnglishRepublic of Ghana (The)Ghana
GreeceGreekΕλληνική Δημοκρατία - Ellinikí DimokratíaΕλλάς - Ellás
GrenadaEnglishGrenadaGrenada
GuatemalaSpanishRepública de Guatemala (la)Guatemala
GuineaFrenchRépublique de Guinée (la)Guinée (la)
GuyanaEnglishRepublic of Guyana (The)Guyana
HaitiFrenchRepiblik d'AyitiHaitian CreoleAyitiRépublique d' Haïti (la)Haïti
HondurasSpanishRepública de Honduras (la)Honduras
HungaryHungarianMagyarországMagyarország
IcelandIcelandicLýðveldið ÍslandÍsland
IndiaEnglishभारत गणराज्य - Bhāratīya GaṇarājyaHindiभारत - BhāratRepublic of India (The)India
IndonesiaIndonesianRepublik IndonesiaIndonesia
IranPersianجُمْهُورِئ إِسْلامِئ إِيرَان - Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irānإِيرَان - Irān
IraqArabicجمهورية العراق - Al Jumhūrīyah al 'Irāqīyahالعراق - Al 'Irāq
IrelandEnglishÉireIrishÉireIrelandIreland
IsraelArabicמְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל - Medinat Yisra'elHebrewיִשְׂרָאֵל - Yisra'elدولة إسرائيل - Dawlat Isrā'īlإسرائيل - Isrā'īl
ItalyItalianRepubblica Italiana (la)Italia (l')
Ivory CoastFrenchRépublique de Côte d'Ivoire (la)Côte d'Ivoire (la)
JamaicaEnglishJamaicaJamaica
JapanJapaneseNihon-koku or Nippon-kokuNihon or Nippon
JordanArabicالمملكة الأردنية الهاشمية - Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyahالأردن - Al Urdun
KazakhstanKazakhРеспублика Казахстан - Respublika KazahstanRussianКазахстан - KazahstanҚазақстан Республикасы - Qazaqstan RespūblīkasyҚазақстан - Qazaqstan
KenyaEnglishJamhuri ya KenyaSwahiliKenyaRepublic of Kenya (The)Kenya
KiribatiEnglishRibaberiki KiribatiGilberteseKiribatiRepublic of Kiribati (The)Kiribati
KuwaitArabicدولة الكويت - Dawlat al Kuwaytالكويت - Al Kuwayt
KyrgyzstanKirghizКыргызская Республика - Kyrgyzskaja RespublikaRussianКыргызстан - KyrgyzstanКыргыз Республикасы - Kyrgyz RespublikasyКыргызстан - Kyrgyzstan
LaosLaoSathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao
LatviaLatvianLatvijas RepublikaLatvija
LebanonArabicالجمهورية اللبنانية - Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyahلبنان - Lubnān
LesothoEnglishKingdom of Lesotho (The)Lesotho
LiberiaEnglishRepublic of Liberia (The)Liberia
LibyaArabicليبيا - Lībyāليبيا - Lībyā
LiechtensteinGermanFürstentum Liechtenstein (das)Liechtenstein
LithuaniaLithuanianLietuvos RespublikaLietuva
LuxembourgFrenchGroßherzogtum Luxemburg (das)GermanLuxemburgGrand-Duché de Luxembourg (le)Luxembourg (le)
MadagascarFrenchRepoblikan'i MadagasikaraMalagasyMadagasikaraRépublique de Madagascar (la)Madagascar [fém.]
MalawiChichewaThe Republic of MalawiEnglishMalawiDziko la MalaŵiMalaŵi
MalaysiaMalayMalaysiaMalaysia
MaldivesMaldivianދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމުހޫރިއްޔާ - Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaaގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު - Dhivehi Raajje
MaliFrenchRépublique du Mali (la)Mali (le)
MaltaEnglishRepubblika ta' MaltaMalteseMaltaRepublic of Malta (The)Malta
Marshall IslandsEnglishMarshall-eseAelōn in MajeRepublic of The Marshall Islands (The)Marshall Islands (The)
MauritaniaArabicالجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية - Al Jumhūrīyah al Islāmīyah al Mūrītānīyahموريتانيا - Mūrītānīya
MauritiusEnglishRepublic of Mauritius (The)Mauritius
MexicoSpanishEstados Unidos Mexicanos (Los)México
MicronesiaEnglishFederated States of Micronesia (The)Micronesia (Federated States of)
MoldovaRomanianRepublica MoldovaMoldova
MonacoFrenchPrincipauté de Monaco (la)Monaco [masc.]
MongoliaMongolianМонгол улс| - Mongol ulsМонгол| - Mongol
MontenegroSerbianЦрна Гора - Crna GoraЦрна Гора - Crna Gora
MoroccoArabicالمملكة المغربية - Al Mamlakah al Maghribīyahالمغرب - Al Maghrib
MozambiquePortugueseRepública de Moçambique (a)Moçambique
MyanmarBurmesePyidaungzu Thammada Myanma NaingngandawMyanma
NamibiaEnglishRepublic of Namibia (The)Namibia
NauruEnglishNauruanNaoeroRepublic of Nauru (The)Nauru
NepalNepaliसंघीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल - Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepālनेपाल - Nepāl
NetherlandsDutchKoninkrijk der Nederlanden (het)Nederland
New ZealandEnglishAotearoaMaoriAotearoaNew ZealandNew Zealand
NicaraguaSpanishRepública de Nicaragua (la)Nicaragua
NigerFrenchRépublique du Niger (la)Niger (le)
NigeriaEnglishFederal Republic of Nigeria (The)Nigeria
North KoreaKoreanChosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwagukChosŏn
North MacedoniaMacedonianПоранешна Jугословенска Република Македониjа - Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija
NorwayBokmålKongeriket NoregNynorskNoregKongeriket NorgeNorge
OmanArabicسلطنة عمان - Salţanat 'Umānعمان - 'Umān
PakistanEnglishجَمْهُورْيَة إِسْلامِی پَاکِسْتَان - Jamhūryat Islāmī PākistānUrduپَاکِسْتَان - PākistānIslamic Republic of Pakistan (The)Pakistan
PalauEnglishBeluu er a BelauPalauanBelauRepublic of Palau (The)Palau
PanamaSpanishRepública de Panamá (la)Panamá
Papua New GuineaEnglishHiri Motu | Neo-mela-nesian (Tok-Pisin)Papuaniugini | PapuaniuginiIndependent State of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea
ParaguayGuaraníla República del ParaguaySpanishParaguay (el)Paraguay RetãnParaguay
PeruSpanishAymara | QuechuaPiruw | PiruwRepública del Perú (la)Perú
PhilippinesEnglishRepublika ng PilipinasPilipinoPilipinasRepublic of the Philippines (The)Philippines (The)
PolandPolishRzeczpospolita PolskaPolska
PortugalPortugueseRepública Portuguesa (a)Portugal
QatarArabicدولة قطر - Dawlat Qaţarقطر - Qaţar
Republic of the CongoFrenchRépublique du Congo (la)Congo (le)
RomaniaRomanianRomâniaRomânia
RussiaRussianРоссийская Федерация - Rossijskaja FederacijaРоссийская Федерация - Rossija
RwandaKinyarwandaRépublique du Rwanda (la) | Republic of Rwanda (The)French | EnglishRwanda (le) | RwandaRepublika y'u RwandaRwanda
Saint Kitts and NevisEnglishSaint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis
Saint LuciaEnglishSaint LuciaSaint Lucia
SamoaEnglishMalo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o SamoaSamoanSamoaIndependent State of Samoa (The)Samoa
San MarinoItalianRepubblica di San Marino (la)San Marino
Sao Tome and PrincipePortugueseRepública Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe (a)São Tomé e Príncipe
Saudi ArabiaArabicالمملكة العربية السعودية - Al Mamlakah al 'Arabīyah as Su'ūdīyahالمملكة العربية السعودية - As Su'ūdīyah
SenegalFrenchRépublique du Sénégal (la)Sénégal (le)
SerbiaSerbianРепублика СрбијаСрбија - Srbija
SeychellesCreole (Seselwa)Republic of Seychelles (The) | République des Seychelles (la)English | FrenchSeychelles | Seychelles (les)Repiblik SeselSesel
Sierra LeoneEnglishRepublic of Sierra Leone {The}Sierra Leone
SingaporeChineseThe Republic of Singapore | Republik Singapura | சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு - Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu English | Malay | TamilSingapore | Singapura | சிங்கப்பூர் - ChiṅkappūrXinjiapo GongheguoXinjiapo
SlovakiaSlovakSlovenská republikaSlovensko
SloveniaSloveneRepublika SlovenijaSlovenija
Solomon IslandsEnglishSolomon IslandsSolomon Islands
SomaliaArabicJamhuuriyadda Federaalka SoomaaliyaSomaliSoomaaliyaجمهورية الصومال الاتحادية - Jumhūriyyat aş Şūmāl al Fidirāliyyahاَلصُّومَال - Aş Şūmāl
South AfricaAfrikaansRepublic of South Africa (The) | iRiphabliki ySewula Afrika | Rephaboliki ya Afrika-Borwa | Rephaboliki ya Afrika-Borwa | iRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika | Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga | Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa | Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe | iRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika | iRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika |English | Ndebele | Pedi | Sesotho | Swati | Tsonga | Tswana | Venda | Xhosa | Zulu |South Africa | Sewula Africa | Afrika-Borwa | Afrika Borwa | Ningizimu Afrika | Afrika Dzonga | Afrika Borwa | Afurika Tshipembe | uMzantsi Afrika | Ningizimu Afrika |Republiek van Suid-AfrikaSuid-Afrika
South KoreaKoreanDaehanmingukHanguk
South SudanEnglishRepublic of South Sudan (The)South Sudan
SpainSpanishReino de España (el)España
Sri LankaSinhaleseஇலங்கை சனநாயக சோஷலிசக் | Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka ChoṣhalichakTamilஇலங்கை | IlaṅkaiShrī Lamkā Prajātāntrika Samājavā dī JanarajayaShrī Lamkā
SudanArabicThe Republic of The SudanEnglishSudan (The)جمهورية السودان - Jumhūrīyat as Sūdānالسودان - As Sūdān
SurinameDutchRepubliek Suriname (de)Suriname
SwedenSwedishKonungariket SverigeSverige
SwitzerlandFrenchSchweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (die) | Confederazione | Confederaziun Svizra (la)German | Italian | RomanshSchweiz (die) | Svizzera (la) | Svizra (la)Confédération suisse (la)Suisse (la)
SyriaArabicالجمهورية العربية السورية - Al Jumhūrīyah al 'Arabīyah as Sūrīyahالجمهورية العربية السورية - Sūrīyah
TajikistanTajikҶумҳурии Тоҷикистон - Jumhurii TojikistonТоҷикистон - Tojikiston
TanzaniaEnglishJamhuri ya Muungano wa TanzaniaSwahiliTanzaniaUnited Republic of Tanzania (The)United Republic of Tanzania (The)
ThailandThaiราชอาณาจักรไทย - Ratcha Anachak Thaiประเทศไทย - PraThet Thai
Timor LestePortugueseRepúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'eTetumTimor Lorosa'ePoranešna Jugoslovenska Republika MakedonijaTimor-Leste
TogoFrenchThe Kingdom of TongaEnglishTongaRépublique togolaise (la)Togo (le)
TongaTonganThe Republic of Trinidad and TobagoEnglishTrinidad and TobagoPuleʻanga TongaTonga
TunisiaArabicالجمهورية التونسية - Al Jumhūrīyah at Tūnisīyahتونس - Tūnis
TurkeyTurkishTürkiye CumhuriyetiTürkiye
TurkmenistanTurkmenTürkmenistanTürkmenistan
TuvaluEnglishTuvaluTuvaluanTuvaluTuvaluTuvalu
UgandaEnglishRepublic of Uganda (The)Uganda
UkraineUkrainianУкраïна - UkrainaУкраïна - Ukraina
United Arab EmiratesArabicالإمارات العربية المتحدة - Al Imārāt al 'Arabīyah al Muttahidahالإمارات العربية المتحدة - Al Imārāt
United KingdomEnglishUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (The)United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (The)
United StatesEnglishUnited States of America (The)United States of America (The)
UruguaySpanishRepública Oriental del Uruguay (la)Uruguay (el)
UzbekistanUzbekO'zbekiston RespublikasiO'zbekiston
VanuatuBislamaThe Republic of Vanuatu | la République de VanuatuEnglish | FrenchVanuatu | Vanuatu (le)Ripablik blong VanuatuVanuatu
VenezuelaSpanishRepública Bolivariana de Venezuela (la)Venezuela (República Bolivariana de)
VietnamVietnameseCộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt NamViệt Nam
YemenArabicالجمهورية اليمنية - Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyahاليمن - Al Yaman
ZambiaEnglishRepublic of Zambia (The)Zambia
ZimbabweEnglishRepublic of Zimbabwe (The)Zimbabwe
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