Washington, District of Columbia Population 2021

714,153
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Washington is a city located in District of Columbia County District of Columbia. With a 2020 population of 714,153, it is the largest city in District of Columbia and the 20th largest city in the United States . Washington is currently growing at a rate of 0.59% annually and its population has increased by 18.68% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 601,723 in 2010. Washington reached it's highest population of 802,178 in 1950. Spanning over 68 miles, Washington has a population density of 11,682 people per square mile.

The average household income in Washington is $127,890 with a poverty rate of 16.24%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,541 per month, and the median house value is $601,500. The median age in Washington is 34 years, 33.9 years for males, and 34.2 years for females.

Washington, D.C. (formally the District of Columbia) is also known as the District, D.C. or just Washington, and it's the capital of the United States. This capital district on the Potomac River was created in 1790 when both Maryland and Virginia donated land for its formation, which included areas of Alexandria and Georgetown. Washington, D.C. is named in honor of George Washington, and it was officially founded in 1791.

Washington, D.C. had a population estimated at 632,300 in 2012, which is believed to have grown modestly in 2013. It's now the 24th most populous city in the United States, but it has the 7th largest metropolitan area with 5.7 million people. During the work week, the population of Washington, D.C. also soars to add one million more as commuters rush in from Virginia and Maryland suburbs.

When the Washington, D.C. area includes Baltimore and its suburbs, the resulting Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area has a population of more than 8.5 million, which is the 4th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States.

Washington DC Population Statistics

Most of the growth in Washington, D.C. between 2000 and 2010 was caused by young people between 20 and 34, whose numbers grew 23%. This has slowed recently, and census figures show that half of the District's population growth from 2000 to 2013 was from so-called millennials.

At the 2010 Census, people under 35 accounted for 60% of Washington, D.C.'s population, which means more babies and strong natural growth in the coming decades. Nearly 17% of the District's population is 18 or younger, which is lower than the United States average of 24%. The District also has the lowest median age (34) when compared to the 50 states.

Washington D.C. has always had a significant African American population since it was founded. Between 1800 and 1940, African Americans accounted for about 30% of the population, which reached a peak in 1970 at 70%. This declined as many moved into the nearby suburbs, which caused gentrification and a 31% increase in the non-Hispanic white population between 2000 and 2010.

A report in 2007 found that 30% of residents in Washington, D.C. are functionally illiterate, which is much higher than the national rate of 1 in 5. The study attributed this partly to immigrants who aren't proficient in English.

Washington DC Population Growth

For six of the last seven decades, Washington, D.C. was shrinking, and lost population since the 1940s with a high in 1950 of 802,178 people, which dropped to just 572,059 in 2000. This shrinking city has been spreading outward with massive urban sprawl, with growth that's been concentrated in the suburbs.

It seems Washington, D.C. has turned this around and is now growing fast, with its 2013 population up more than 10% over 2000, which means its finally growing more quickly than the suburbs. Demographers and a growing preference for the urban lifestyle among its young people means this trend will probably only strengthen.

There are now about 9,000 more people moving into the District than moving out, and its natural growth rate is adding 13,000 more every year.

While it hasn't broken through the rank of the 24th most populous city in the country, the District's growth rate has been faster than most larger cities, including Houston, Las Vegas, Seattle, and Dallas, and it's one of the fastest growing cities on the East Coast. According to the D.C. Chief Financial Officer, Natwar Gandhi, the District's significant growth over the last few years is expected to end as housing construction and job growth slows, although there will still be growth. According to Gandhi, the growth rate of 1.8% in 2013 will drop to 1.3% in 2013, 1.1% a year later and drop by 0.8% in 2017.

By 2020, this means the District will likely have a population of 700,000.

Washington Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Washington was:

  • Black or African American: 46.31%
  • White: 41.27%
  • Other race: 4.98%
  • Asian: 3.98%
  • Two or more races: 3.10%
  • Native American: 0.30%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Washington, District of Columbia is 714,153 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 701,547.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 601,723.

Washington, District of Columbia Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20216,345,78032,6500.51%
20206,313,13032,6400.52%
20196,280,49032,6500.52%
20186,247,84036,5000.58%
20176,211,34062,0401.00%
20166,149,30055,3500.90%
20156,093,95062,0101.02%
20146,031,94068,6301.14%
20135,963,31084,3701.41%
20125,878,94096,6201.64%
20115,782,320103,8301.80%
20105,678,4900.00%

Washington Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American320,81146.31%
White285,85741.27%
Some Other Race34,5114.98%
Asian27,5923.98%
Two or More Races21,4453.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0910.30%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3760.05%
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Washington Population by Race

Washington Population Pyramid $2021

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Washington Median Age

34


Total

33.9


Male

34.2


Female

Washington Adults

There are 568,753 adults, (83,670 of whom are seniors) in Washington.

Washington Age Dependency

42.8

Age Dependency Ratio

17.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Washington Sex Ratio

Female

364,039

52.55%

Male

328,644

47.45%

Washington Population by Age

Washington Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Washington Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65%35%
All41.6%58.4%
Male39.4%60.6%
Non Family33.1%66.9%
Female33.1%66.9%

41.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Washington Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All284,3862.341.6
Non Family160,7031.4233.1
Married73,8843.1565
Female39,8323.9133.1
Male9,9673.7239.4

3.32

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

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Washington Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,2583.70%
9th to 12th Grade26,5925.38%
High School Graduate83,18516.84%
Some College62,03012.55%
Associates Degree14,7922.99%
Bachelors Degree122,38024.77%
Graduate Degree166,87933.77%
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Washington Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Washington Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black218,421188,50659,718
White198,177197,107182,075
Hispanic48,25035,26122,829
Asian21,18720,10717,361
Other Race20,57311,8475,931
2+ Races12,34311,5588,609
Native American1,4651,269686
Islander337337202

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 91.87%.

Washington Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$64,827$71,575$60,284
Less Than 9th Grade$25,459$29,132$21,664
High School Graduate$31,226$32,183$30,098
Some College$41,102$42,372$39,465
Bachelors Degree$69,745$77,874$62,978
Graduate Degree$97,039$106,773$87,323

$64,827

Average Earnings

$71,575

Average Male

$60,284

Average Female

Washington Earnings by Educational Attainment

Washington Language by Age

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Washington Language

82.79% of Washington residents speak only English, while 17.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.04% of the population.

Washington Language

Washington Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black308,90579,19025.64%
White238,82414,0515.88%
Hispanic72,8358,77612.05%
Other33,7545,37115.91%
Asian25,1173,13212.47%
Multiple20,4122,11810.38%
Native1,97049625.18%
Islander35592.54%

16.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.55%

Male Poverty Rate

17.76%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Washington

The race most likely to be in poverty in Washington is Black, with 25.64% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Washington is Islander, with 2.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.47%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.88%.

Washington Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade32.71%
High School24.74%
Some College16.76%
Bachelors or Greater4.99%

Washington Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed47.31%
Male Unemployed37.80%
Female Employed5.93%
Male Employed4.11%

Washington Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Washington Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$86,420$127,890
Families$113,561$165,620
Married Families$180,227$229,081
Non Families$71,552$95,817
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Income by Household Type

Washington Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

28.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

31.6%

Male Marriage Rate

26.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Washington Married by Age and Sex

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Washington Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Washington Marital Status by Race

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Washington Marital Status

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26,156

Number of Veterans

22,919

Male Veterans

3,237

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War7,243
Vietnam6,804
First Gulf War5,697
Korea2,376
World War II989

Washington Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 547,112
75+6,501
65 to 744,851
55 to 644,576
18 to 343,116

Washington Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black13,9175.54%
White10,5634.23%
Hispanic1,4902.70%
2+ Races7194.98%
Asian4061.61%
Other Race2401.04%
Native American23113.40%
Islander8021.45%

Washington Veterans by Race

Washington Veterans by Education

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11.01%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.36%

Veteran Disability Rate

Washington Veterans by Education

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70.4%

Labor Force Participation

65.1%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

Washington Employment by Age

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Washington Employment by Race

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Washington Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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36.98%

Born in Washington

86.28%

Native Born

13.72%

Foreign Born

7.67%

Non Citizen

6.06%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.28% of Washington residents were born in the United States, with 36.98% having been born in District of Columbia. 7.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Washington Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021714,1534,2020.59%
2020709,9514,2020.60%
2019705,7494,2020.60%
2018701,5476,6410.96%
2017694,9069,0911.33%
2016685,81510,4151.54%
2015675,40013,0721.97%
2014662,32811,7471.81%
2013650,58115,6572.47%
2012634,92415,1242.44%
2011619,80014,5742.41%
2010605,22633,1670.57%
2000572,059-34,841-0.59%
1990606,900-31,532-0.51%
1980638,432-118,236-1.68%
1970756,668-7,288-0.10%
1960763,956-38,222-0.49%
1950802,178139,0871.92%
1940663,091176,2223.14%
1930486,86949,2981.07%
1920437,571106,5022.83%
1910331,06952,3511.74%
1900278,71848,3261.92%
1890230,39283,0994.58%
1880147,29338,0943.04%
1870109,19948,0775.97%
186061,12221,1214.33%
185040,00116,6375.52%
184023,3644,5382.18%
183018,8265,5793.58%
182013,2475,0394.90%
18108,2084,9989.84%
18003,2100.00%

Washington Population by Year