Washington, District of Columbia Population 2022

718,355
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Washington is a city located in District of Columbia County District of Columbia. Washington has a 2020 population of 718,355. Washington is currently growing at a rate of 0.59% annually and its population has increased by 18.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 605,226 in 2010.

The average household income in Washington is $127,890 with a poverty rate of 15.45%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,607 per month, and the median house value is $618,100. The median age in Washington is 34 years, 33.9 years for males, and 34.2 years for females.

Washington, D.C. (formally the District of Columbia) is also known as the District, D.C. or just Washington, and it's the capital of the United States. This capital district on the Potomac River was created in 1790 when both Maryland and Virginia donated land for its formation, which included areas of Alexandria and Georgetown. Washington, D.C. is named in honor of George Washington, and it was officially founded in 1791.

Washington, D.C. had a population estimated at 632,300 in 2012, which is believed to have grown modestly in 2013. It's now the 24th most populous city in the United States, but it has the 7th largest metropolitan area with 5.7 million people. During the work week, the population of Washington, D.C. also soars to add one million more as commuters rush in from Virginia and Maryland suburbs.

When the Washington, D.C. area includes Baltimore and its suburbs, the resulting Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area has a population of more than 8.5 million, which is the 4th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States.

Washington DC Population Statistics

Most of the growth in Washington, D.C. between 2000 and 2010 was caused by young people between 20 and 34, whose numbers grew 23%. This has slowed recently, and census figures show that half of the District's population growth from 2000 to 2013 was from so-called millennials.

At the 2010 Census, people under 35 accounted for 60% of Washington, D.C.'s population, which means more babies and strong natural growth in the coming decades. Nearly 17% of the District's population is 18 or younger, which is lower than the United States average of 24%. The District also has the lowest median age (34) when compared to the 50 states.

Washington D.C. has always had a significant African American population since it was founded. Between 1800 and 1940, African Americans accounted for about 30% of the population, which reached a peak in 1970 at 70%. This declined as many moved into the nearby suburbs, which caused gentrification and a 31% increase in the non-Hispanic white population between 2000 and 2010.

A report in 2007 found that 30% of residents in Washington, D.C. are functionally illiterate, which is much higher than the national rate of 1 in 5. The study attributed this partly to immigrants who aren't proficient in English.

Washington DC Population Growth

For six of the last seven decades, Washington, D.C. was shrinking, and lost population since the 1940s with a high in 1950 of 802,178 people, which dropped to just 572,059 in 2000. This shrinking city has been spreading outward with massive urban sprawl, with growth that's been concentrated in the suburbs.

It seems Washington, D.C. has turned this around and is now growing fast, with its 2013 population up more than 10% over 2000, which means its finally growing more quickly than the suburbs. Demographers and a growing preference for the urban lifestyle among its young people means this trend will probably only strengthen.

There are now about 9,000 more people moving into the District than moving out, and its natural growth rate is adding 13,000 more every year.

While it hasn't broken through the rank of the 24th most populous city in the country, the District's growth rate has been faster than most larger cities, including Houston, Las Vegas, Seattle, and Dallas, and it's one of the fastest growing cities on the East Coast. According to the D.C. Chief Financial Officer, Natwar Gandhi, the District's significant growth over the last few years is expected to end as housing construction and job growth slows, although there will still be growth. According to Gandhi, the growth rate of 1.8% in 2013 will drop to 1.3% in 2013, 1.1% a year later and drop by 0.8% in 2017.

By 2020, this means the District will likely have a population of 700,000.

Washington Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Washingtonwas:

  • Black or African American: 45.39%
  • White: 41.07%
  • Other race: 4.81%
  • Two or more races: 4.24%
  • Asian: 4.10%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Washington, District of Columbia is 718,355 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 718,355.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 605,226.

Washington, District of Columbia Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20105,678,4900.00%
20115,782,320103,8301.80%
20125,878,94096,6201.64%
20135,963,31084,3701.41%
20146,031,94068,6301.14%
20156,093,95062,0101.02%
20166,149,30055,3500.90%
20176,211,34062,0401.00%
20186,247,84036,5000.58%
20196,280,49032,6500.52%
20206,313,13032,6400.52%
20216,345,78032,6500.51%

Washington Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White288,30641.07%
Black or African American318,63145.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,4380.35%
Asian28,7624.10%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3280.05%
Some Other Race33,7644.81%
Two or More Races29,7454.24%
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Washington Population by Race

Washington Population Pyramid 2022

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Washington Median Age

34.1


Total

34


Male

34.2


Female

Washington Adults

There are 575,926 adults, (85,912 of whom are seniors) in Washington.

Washington Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

17.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Washington Sex Ratio

Female

368,837

52.54%

Male

333,137

47.46%

Washington Population by Age

Washington Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Washington Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.6%33.4%
Male44%56%
All42.5%57.5%
Female33.9%66.1%
Non Family33.5%66.5%

42.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Washington Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All288,3072.342.5
Married75,3053.1466.6
Male9,8083.744
Female38,3834.1233.9
Non Family164,8111.4133.5

3.36

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

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Washington Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,7413.33%
9th to 12th Grade24,0704.79%
High School Graduate83,34716.60%
Some College63,27012.60%
Associates Degree14,5832.91%
Bachelors Degree126,80825.26%
Graduate Degree173,16734.50%
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Washington Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Washington Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White201,853200,725185,597
Asian21,97320,92818,335
2+ Races17,91916,65512,484
Islander279279155
Hispanic49,47437,46523,538
Native American1,8411,576587
Black218,109191,40763,453
Other Race19,76512,1445,595

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 91.95%.

Washington Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$68,622$73,842$64,094
Less Than 9th Grade$26,557$29,761$23,023
High School Graduate$31,504$33,414$30,255
Some College$41,047$42,417$39,471
Bachelors Degree$71,842$80,993$65,790
Graduate Degree$101,063$110,130$91,990

$68,622

Average Earnings

$73,842

Average Male

$64,094

Average Female

Washington Earnings by Educational Attainment

Washington Language by Age

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Washington Language

82.80% of Washington residents speak only English, while 17.20% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.06% of the population.

Washington Language

Washington Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native2,31078834.11%
Black307,25574,49124.24%
Asian26,2843,59313.67%
Hispanic74,5029,00312.08%
Multiple28,2803,24211.46%
White243,06013,5685.58%
Islander304123.95%
Other4,952NaN%

15.45%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.29%

Male Poverty Rate

16.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Washington

The race most likely to be in poverty in Washington is Native, with 34.11% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Washington is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.75%.

Washington Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade34.65%
High School24.23%
Some College15.19%
Bachelors or Greater5.04%

Washington Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed3.77%
Male Unemployed34.89%
Female Employed5.35%
Female Unemployed43.98%

Washington Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Washington Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$90,842$133,587
Families$120,337$173,874
Married Families$187,153$236,954
Non Families$75,477$100,305
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Income by Household Type

Washington Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

29.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.1%

Male Marriage Rate

26.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Washington Married by Age and Sex

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Washington Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Washington Marital Status by Race

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Washington Marital Status

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25,514

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War7,721
First Gulf War5,341
Vietnam7,044
Korea2,420
World War II626

Washington Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 342,990
35 to 546,845
55 to 644,292
65 to 745,255
75+6,132

Washington Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,6034.20%
Black13,1605.28%
Native American1647.85%
Asian4261.64%
Islander11134.15%
Other Race2000.89%
2+ Races8504.14%
Hispanic1,3932.46%

Washington Veterans by Race

Washington Veterans by Education

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9.76%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.94%

Veteran Disability Rate

Washington Veterans by Education

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70.7%

Labor Force Participation

65.2%

Employment Rate

7.1%

Unemployment Rate

Washington Employment by Age

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Washington Employment by Race

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Washington Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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36.76%

Born in Washington

86.58%

Native Born

13.42%

Foreign Born

7.30%

Non Citizen

6.12%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.58% of Washington residents were born in the United States, with 36.76% having been born in District of Columbia. 7.30% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Washington Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18003,2100.00%
18108,2084,9989.84%
182013,2475,0394.90%
183018,8265,5793.58%
184023,3644,5382.18%
185040,00116,6375.52%
186061,12221,1214.33%
1870109,19948,0775.97%
1880147,29338,0943.04%
1890230,39283,0994.58%
1900278,71848,3261.92%
1910331,06952,3511.74%
1920437,571106,5022.83%
1930486,86949,2981.07%
1940663,091176,2223.14%
1950802,178139,0871.92%
1960763,956-38,222-0.49%
1970756,668-7,288-0.10%
1980638,432-118,236-1.68%
1990606,900-31,532-0.51%
2000572,059-34,841-0.59%
2010605,22633,1670.57%
2011619,80014,5742.41%
2012634,92415,1242.44%
2013650,58115,6572.47%
2014662,32811,7471.81%
2015675,40013,0721.97%
2016685,81510,4151.54%
2017694,9069,0911.33%
2018701,5476,6410.96%
2019705,7494,2020.60%
2020709,9514,2020.60%
2021714,1534,2020.59%
2022718,3554,2020.59%

Washington Population by Year