Belarus Population 2020

9,450,213

Belarus, a Eurasian landlocked country bordered by Russia, Poland, Ukraine, Latvia, and Lithuania, has an estimated 2020 population of 9.45 million, down from 2014's estimated 9.3 million population. This makes Belarus the 96th most populated country in the world.

Belarus Area and Population Density

Belarus is a landlocked, east-European nation that covers 80,153 squares miles (207,600 square kilometers) of land, sharing borders with Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia. For the most part, the land itself is either flat and marshy, or forest and the country has several major streams including the Neman, the Pripyat, and the Dnieper. Using the 2017 population of 9.5 million, the population density of Belarus is 118.5 people per square mile (45.8 people per square kilometer), which ranks 132nd in the world.

Largest Cities in Belarus

Three-quarters of the population of Belarus live in urban areas and there are many significantly sized cities. Minsk is the largest city in Belarus and is also its capital. The population of Minsk is 1.9 million people. Minsk was founded in 1067 A.D. Currently, Minsk and Belarus, in general, is leading ex-USSR states by way of urbanization. The second-largest city, with a population over half a million, is Homel, the administrative center of Belarus, which was notably affected by radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl disaster in 1986. Other cities with populations over 200,000 include Mahilyow, Vitsyebsk, Grodno, Brest, and Babruysk.

Belarus Demographics

Ethnic Belarusians constitute approximately 84% of the total population of Belarus. Russians are the next largest ethnic group at 8% of the population, followed by Poles (3%) and Ukrainians (1.5%). While Russian is the official and main language of the country, Belarusian is also widely spoken. Yiddish, Polish, and Ukrainian are also spoken.

Belarus Religion, Economy and Politics

59% of the population claims Eastern Orthodox Christianity as their faith; Roman Catholicism and Protestantism are practiced amongst some of the percentage of residents. Judaism and Baha’i faiths are also practiced by about 4% of the Belarus population. Belarus has no official religion, but under its constitution it allows for freedom of worship and religious practice as long as they pose no harm to social or governmental institutions.

Recent economic growth in the area has largely been fueled by foreign investment in recent years. The success of the economy in Belarus is also closely tied with economic success in Russia because of their long term ties with the area. The government has a heavy hand in most all economic divisions and it is very difficult for small businesses to flourish. Major industries in Belarus include energy (renewable energy, oil, natural gas, oil shale, and electricity), automobile manufacturing, iron, and metal ore mining, defense, banking, agriculture, technology, and tourism.

The President of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko, has been in power since 1994 and has given the country one of the worst human rights records in Europe with rigged elections giving the people of the country little control. Monopolies run the major business sectors in Belarus, and even though they are no longer a republic of Russia, the Russian government still very much exerts its influence over the area.

Belarus Population History

Belarus is a former republic of the Soviet Union, but has been an independent nation since 1991 after the downfall of Russia, and applying for EU membership in 2009, which risked severing political ties with Russia- whom they have been historically dependent upon for energy. Belarus had the largest refugee population in Europe just twenty years ago, accounting for 7.5% of its population. 300,000 people left the country in the 90's, one-fifth of which had a higher education.

Belarus Population Growth

Across the entire country, the majority of the population increase recorded between 2001 and 2011 is as a result of immigration into Belarus - the number of people living in Austria but born elsewhere increased by 35% over the past decade. Belarus estimates that 81% of its population had no migration background, while about 19% had at least one parent of migrant background. There are estimated to be 415,000 descendants of foreign-born immigrants in the country.

Belarus Population Projections

The slight negative growth of Belarus is expected to continue declining in the years to come and become somewhat more drastic. In the next 30 years, it is projected that the rate of decrease will nearly double from -0.34% in 2020 to -0.61% in 2050. These projections state that the actual number of citizens in Serbia will decrease by more than a million during this time with the population being 8,703,942 in 2020, 8,355,445 in 2030, 7,912,824 in 2040, and 7,447,023 by 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 80 minutes
Net loss of one person every 144 minutes

Belarus Population in 2018Source: By User:Redline [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], from Wikimedia Commons

Belarus Population Pyramid 2020

Belarus Population by Age

There are 7,574,237 adults in Belarus.

Census Years

Year Date
201930 October 2019
200924 October 2009
199916 February 1999
198912 January 1989

Belarus has a negative population growth rate. Belarus was recently named as one of the world's fastest shrinking countries, with a population that peaked in 1991 at 10.2 million and has been dropping ever since. Belarusians typically marry at an older age and have few children, which has caused a fertility rate below the replacement value. Around two-thirds of all families in the country have just one child. There is also a large disparity in the life expectancies of men (67) and women (77).

The anticipated 2025 population is just 8.6 million.

Official NameRepublic of Belarus
Languages SpokenBelarusian, Russian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude53.00, 28.00
Currencies UsedBYR
DemonymBelarusian
BordersLatvia
Lithuania
Poland
Russia
Ukraine
Name Population Location
Minsk1,742,124Map
Gomel480,951Map
Mahilyow369,200Map
Vitebsk342,700Map
Hrodna317,365Map
Brest300,715Map
Babruysk220,517Map
Baranovichi168,772Map
Barysaw143,919Map
Pinsk130,777Map
Orsha125,347Map
Novoye Medvezhino120,000Map
Mazyr112,137Map
Malinovka105,000Map
Salihorsk101,614Map
Maladzyechna101,300Map
Navapolatsk100,885Map
Lida98,036Map
Polatsk82,258Map
Zhlobin73,089Map

Belarus Population Clock

The population of Belarus (as of 4/2/2020)?9,450,213
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)9,449,323
Births Per Day296
Deaths Per Day324
Net Migrations Per Day18
Net Change Per Day-10
Population Change Since January 1st-930

Belarus Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 9,450,076

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20209,449,32346.56%53.44%45.5296-0.03%
20199,452,41146.55%53.45%45.5395-0.00%
20189,452,61746.54%53.46%45.53950.03%
20179,450,23146.54%53.46%45.52940.05%
20169,445,64346.54%53.46%45.50930.07%
20159,439,42346.53%53.47%45.47920.04%
20109,420,57446.49%53.51%45.3888-0.30%
20059,562,08846.68%53.32%46.0682-0.64%
20009,871,63246.94%53.06%47.5578-0.41%
199510,077,60846.88%53.12%48.5474-0.15%
199010,151,13446.90%53.10%48.90690.50%
19859,901,49346.68%53.32%47.70680.68%
19809,569,84746.50%53.50%46.10630.68%
19759,252,77946.24%53.76%44.57600.75%
19708,913,55245.95%54.05%42.94580.94%
19658,505,72245.63%54.37%40.97560.92%
19608,124,88145.18%54.82%39.14550.96%
19557,747,21044.63%55.37%37.32510.01%
19507,745,00244.21%55.79%37.31470.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20209,449,32346.56%53.44%45.52960.00%
20259,385,43846.66%53.34%45.2197-0.14%
20309,264,78446.71%53.29%44.63100-0.26%
20359,105,60546.76%53.24%43.86102-0.35%
20408,937,81646.88%53.12%43.05102-0.37%
20458,781,02947.10%52.90%42.30104-0.35%
20508,634,22547.40%52.60%41.59108-0.34%
20558,487,77947.71%52.29%40.89111-0.34%
20608,332,60747.98%52.02%40.14111-0.37%
20658,167,75348.23%51.77%39.34111-0.40%
20708,002,03148.47%51.53%38.55110-0.41%
20757,851,17648.73%51.27%37.82111-0.38%
20807,728,08148.98%51.02%37.23111-0.32%
20857,636,82249.19%50.81%36.79110-0.24%
20907,569,05949.33%50.67%36.46112-0.18%
20957,506,07649.39%50.61%36.16113-0.17%
  1. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus
  2. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses, with official population estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer