According to current projections, the Dominican Republic’s population is expected to grow until about 2060 when the population will reach its peak of 12.89 million. After reaching its peak population, the Dominican Republic will experience a population decline that will leave the population at 11.01 million people.
The fertility rate in the Dominican Republic is currently 2.36 births per woman, a number that has decreased year over year since the 1950s. This decline in the fertility rate, in combination with negative net migration, has significantly slowed down the population growth rate. From 2019 to 2020, the population growth rate was 1.01%, adding about 109,000 people to the population.
This overall decline in the population growth rate will eventually bring the rate to zero and then begin the country’s population decline. Despite the economic growth of the Dominican Republic over the last decade, poverty is still a large problem and very little is invested in education.
Dominican Republic Population Growth
The population has more than doubled in the past 50 years in the Dominican Republic, going from 4.5 million in 1970, to the 2019 population just under 11 million. The rate of growth rate, however, has been decreasing for some time and currently sits around an annual growth rate of 1%. The growth rate was three times that in 1970.
Dominican Republic Population Projections
The Dominican Republic is expected to continue growing slower in the next two decades. By 2030, the population will reach 12.1 million, up more than 18% from 2012, and largely driven by a growing population aged 60 and older. Santo Domingo will hit a population of 4 million by 2030.