Indonesia Population 2020 (Live)

273,181,894

Based on current projections, Indonesia’s current population is expected to reach its peak of 337.38 million by 2067 and the decrease in the decades following.

Between 2000 and 2010, Indonesia experienced an average annual population growth rate of 1.49%. Indonesia’s yearly growth change is about 1.07% for 2020. This means that Indonesia currently grows by about 2.73 million people per year.

The growing population is a concern for Indonesia’s economy, threatening to slow its growth and development. A low population growth rate would translate into a high per capita GDP, leading to higher incomes, higher savings, higher investments, and implies a decrease in the poverty rate.

Indonesia Population Growth

That final figure of 1.04% may not seem like a lot but on a population of over 250 million, it leads to some significant increases. As the Jakarta Post reported in 2013, Indonesia's population has doubled within just 40 years from 119 million in 1971 to almost 240 million in 2010, based on figures from the Central Statistics Agency. In another 40 years, the country's population is expected to climb much higher.

Indonesia Population Projections

According to the Jakarta Post author, the high Muslim population in Indonesia is leading to a very high birth rate, which cannot be sustained. The article points out that Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, is in a naturally flood-prone area, and the depth and extent of floods only increases as the population density increases.

Unfortunately, Indonesia's attempts at family planning education and population control have not been very successful, and it's hard to say how sustainable the country's growth will be.

The current population of Indonesia is 273,181,894, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 273,523,615.

Indonesia Growth Rate

Indonesia Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Jakarta8,540,121
Surabaya2,374,658
Medan1,750,971
Bandung1,699,719
Bekasi1,520,119
Palembang1,441,500
Tangerang1,372,124
Makassar1,321,717
South Tangerang1,303,569
Semarang1,288,084

Indonesia Area and Population Density

Indonesia is made up of more than 17,000 islands with over 1.9 million square miles of land, which makes it the {rank} largest country. Indonesia has a population estimated at {pop} in {year}, up from the 2015 estimate of 257 million. About 56.7% of Indonesia's population lives on Java, the most populous island. The population density of Indonesia is currently at 140.08 individuals per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Indonesia

According to the 2010 official population data, Indonesia has 11 cities with a population over 1 million, although estimates from 2014 show that there are now 14 cities that have populations that exceed 1 million. The 10 largest cities in Indonesia, with populations as of 2014, are:

  • Jakarta (Jakarta Province): 10.135 million
  • Surabaya (East Java): 2.843 million
  • Bandung (West Java): 2.575 million
  • Medan (North Sumatra): 2.497 million
  • Bekasi(West Java): 2.51 million
  • Semarang (Central Java): 2.067 million
  • Tangerang (Banten): 2.001 million
  • Depok (West Java): 1.869 million
  • Palembang (South Sumatra): 1.561 million
  • South Tangerang (Banten): 1.436 million

Jakarta isn't just the most populous city in Indonesia; it's also the most populous in Southeast Asia and the 14th most populated city on earth. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek, is the third largest in the world, and the metropolis's suburbs extend even further. The entire area has a population of over 30 million, which makes it one of the largest conurbations on earth. It's also one of the fastest-growing cities on earth, growing faster than Beijing and Bangkok, with a population density in the city proper of 15,342 people per square kilometer (39,740/square mile).

Indonesia Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020273,523,6151.07%150.99481
2019270,625,5681.10%149.39480
2018267,670,5431.14%147.76480
2017264,650,9631.18%146.09481
2016261,556,3811.23%144.38481
2015258,383,2561.33%142.63481
2010241,834,2151.34%133.49483
2005226,289,4701.36%124.91485
2000211,513,8231.44%116.76486
1995196,934,2601.66%108.71489
1990181,413,4021.92%100.14491
1985164,982,4512.27%91.07495
1980147,447,8362.44%81.39494
1975130,680,7272.63%72.14596
1970114,793,1782.74%63.375103
1965100,267,0622.70%55.355106
196087,751,0682.58%48.446106
195577,273,4252.13%42.666106
195069,543,3160.00%38.397108

Indonesia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020273,523,6151.07%150.99481
2025287,089,6350.97%158.48481
2030299,198,4300.83%165.16482
2035309,764,9440.70%170.99481
2040318,637,8580.57%175.89581
2045325,705,3480.44%179.79584
2050330,904,6640.32%182.66684
2055334,399,2760.21%184.59685
2060336,444,0390.12%185.72688
2065337,314,3570.05%186.20691
2070337,224,791-0.01%186.15691
2075336,349,489-0.05%185.67690
2080334,740,056-0.10%184.78689
2085332,353,614-0.14%183.46688
2090329,171,325-0.19%181.70787
2095325,272,471-0.24%179.55786

Indonesia Population by Year (Projections)

Indonesia Population Pyramid 2020

Indonesia Population by Age

There are 185,623,928 adults in Indonesia.

Indonesia Population Pyramid

Indonesia Population Clock

The population of Indonesia (as of 5/19/2020)?273,181,894
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)273,523,615
Births Per Day13,118
Deaths Per Day4,893
Net Migrations Per Day-278
Net Change Per Day7,947
Population Change Since January 1st1,104,633

Indonesia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of May 19th 2020 is: 273,190,141

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 seconds
One death every 18 seconds
One net migrant every 5 minutes
Net gain of one person every 11 seconds

Indonesia is a sovereign archipelago in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous country on earth after China, India, and the United States.

Indonesia Demographics

Indonesia has more than 300 distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, although the largest and most dominant in terms of politics are the Javanese at over 40% of the population. Most Indonesians are descended from Austronesian-speaking people. Another major ethnic group are Melanesians who live on the eastern part of the country. Other major ethnic groups include: Sundanese (15.5%), Malay (2.27%), Madurese (3.03%), Batak (3.58%), Minankabau (2.73%), Betawi (2.88%), Bantenese (1.97%), Banjarese (1.74%), Balinese (1.67%), and Makasserese (1.13%)..

Chinese Indonesians account for about 3% of the population but they are influential, controlling most of the country's wealth and commerce.

Indonesia Religion, Economy and Politics

In addition to this diverse population, Indonesia is also the world's most populous Muslim-majority country, as just over 87% of Indonesians declared Muslim on the 2010 census. 9.87% are Christian, 1.69% are Hindu, 0.72% are Buddhist and 0.56% practice other faiths. The Indonesian constitution grants religious freedom although the government only officially recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.

There are more than 700 languages spoken in Indonesia. Bahasa Indonesia, a form of Malay, is the official language and is used mostly in education, media, commerce, and administration. Most people in Indonesia actually tend to speak other languages as their primary language, however.

The median age of the population in Indonesia is approximately 30.2 years of age, 42.4% of the population between 25 and 54 years of age. The 0-14 age group is currently just over 25%, strengthening the number of youths that will come into the workforce as the current workers move past working age.

In terms of accessibility to clean water and sanitation facilities, approximately 87.4% have improved access to clean drinking water while 12.6% still struggle. Only 60.8% have improved access to sanitation while 39.2% still have unimproved accessibility to sanitation services. However, Indonesia maintains a fairly high literacy rate of 95.4% among the entire population with males having a slight advantage of roughly 4% over females.

Indonesia Population History

Another interesting statistic involves the ages of the Indonesian population and although these figures date from the previous national census of 2000, they still tell an interesting story. Of the total 2000 population, 27.3% were aged between 0 and 14 years, 66.5% between 15 and 64, while just 6.1% of the population of Indonesia were aged over 65.

The birth rate was healthy compared to the death rate too and based on a 2012 estimate, it’s believed that there are 17.76 births per 1,000 people compared to just 6.28 deaths. Add in a loss of 1.08 people to net migration and you have a total annual growth rate of 1.04%.

About Indonesia

  1. Central Bureau of Statistics Indonesia
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with censuses from 1961 to 2010, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer