Kuwait Population 2020
Kuwait, officially the State of Kuwait, is an Arab country at the northeastern edge of the Arabian peninsula. The country has 17,820 square kilometers (6,880 square miles) of land with a 2020 population estimated at 4.27 million, which includes over one million Kuwaitis and more than two million expatriates.
The previous official census recording the population of Kuwait occurred in 2005 and showed 2,213,403 million people living in the country with a population density of 200.2 people per square kilometer (518.4 people per square mile). In 2020, the population was estimated at 4.27 million, which ranks 129th in the world. The 2011 census recorded 3,065,850 in the general population.
Kuwait Area and Population Density
The small middle eastern country of Kuwait sits along the Persian Gulf, sharing its borders with Saudi Arabia and Iraq on the northeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula. In addition to the mainland, Kuwait has 9 islands, 8 of which are uninhabited. The total surface area in Kuwait comes to a total of 6,880 square miles (17,818 square kilometers) making it the 157th largest country in the world. In combination with the total population numbers, the population density is at approximately 614 people per square mile (237 people per square kilometer), which ranks 37th in the world in terms of population density.
Largest Cities in Kuwait
Nearly 98% of the population in Kuwait is urbanized, and about 83% of the total population resides in the capital, Kuwait City. The country also has an urbanization rate of 2.1% per year, so the number of rural people will slowly dwindle over the next decade. The next largest city is Al Ahmadi with a population of 637,411. Al Ahmadi is located along the coastline and it the headquarters of the Kuwait Oil Company and the Kuwait National Petroleum Company. Other notable cities with populations over 100,000 include Hawalli and Al Farwaniyah.
While 70% of the country's population is comprised of expatriates, about 60% of the total population is Arab, which includes expatriates. The largest expat communities in the country are Indians and Egyptians. Between 2005 and 2006, the number of native Kuwaitis increased only 3.3% while the number of foreigners increased 6.7%. The government and people of Kuwait view the high level of non-national workers in the country as a serious problem, which led to an announcement in 2013 that Kuwait would attempt to reduce the number of expatriates in the country by 100,000 per year over the next decade.
There are a number of native groups in Kuwait, including Arabs from Najd, Iraq, Bahrain and eastern Arabia, as well as ethnic Persians. The Baharna ethnic group is the indigenous people of the Bahrain and Eastern Province and Saudi Arabia, while the Najrdis are Sunni Arabs from Najd in central Arabia. Estimates from 2013 break down the ethnic groups as:
- Kuwait 31.3%
- other Arab 27.9%
- South Asian 37.8%
- African 1.9%
- other 1.1%
The number of Indians in Kuwait totals 825,000, which includes Indian expatriates and Kuwaiti citizens of Indian origin or descent. Indians represent the largest community, many of whom work in business and service fields. The Indian population alone is seen as an extension of Kuwaiti heritage in India, and their large population is not viewed as a problem. Egyptians are the largest Arab community in Kuwait with a population of over 500,000.
The non-national population of Kuwait is estimated as follows:
- Indians, 825,000
- Egyptians, 517,973
- Bangladeshis, 181,265
- Syrians, 140,000
- Pakistanis, 126,000
- Filipinos, 185,788
- Sri Lankans, 130,000
- Ethiopians, 74,000
- Jordanian and Palestinian, 10,000
- Nepalians, 62,000
- Iranians, 50,000
- Lebanese, 42,000
- Indonesians, 8,887
- Iraqis, 16,000
- Afghans, 15,000
- Americans, 13,000 (30,000 including armed forces)
- Yemeni, 11,000
25.32% of Kuwait's population is under the age of 15; 15.21% are between the age of 15 and 24; 52.32% are between 25 and 54; 4.82% are between 55 and 64 and just 2.33% of the population is 65 and older. The median age in Kuwait is currently 29 years. The population pyramid of Kuwait shows an unbalanced structure for working-age groups due to high immigration rates and a large reliance on foreign labor.
Kuwait Religion, Economy and Politics
Most people in Kuwait are Muslim and it is the official language of the nation, however there are about 450,000 expatriate Christians, 600,000 Hindus, and 100,000 Buddhists. About 70% of the Muslims in Kuwait are Sunni while 30% are Shia.
Kuwait has a high life expectancy, as well as low maternal and infant mortality rates. These numbers come in at a life expectancy of 78.2 years of age, a maternal mortality rate of 4/100,000 live births, and an infant mortality rate of 7 deaths per 1,000 live births. In addition, the total fertility rate is 2.48 children born per woman while the contraceptive prevalence is relatively high. It's estimated that the total fertility will decline to reach 2.1 (the same as the replacement level fertility) by 2035, while the youth population will also decline.
Kuwait Population History
The land that is now Kuwait was part of the Ottoman Empire in the 1600s, with settlers arriving in the area 100 years later. Fearing that Turkey would try to take control of the country, the government in Kuwait struck a deal to become a protectorate of Britain in 1899.
Oil reserves were found in the country in 1937, significantly altering Kuwait's economy and allowing them to improve their infrastructure. Kuwait became independent of Britain in 1961 and they joined the Arab League. Kuwait supported Iraq in the Iran-Iraq war in 1980, but ten years later Iraq invaded and annexed Kuwait, leading to UN-backed aerial bombings in both Iraq and Kuwait. A second war with Iraq began around 2003 with the US leading an oust of the Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.
Kuwait Population Growth
Expatriates account for about 70% of Kuwait's population, including 1.1 million Arab expatriates and 1.4 million Asian expatriates. The Kuwait government rarely grants citizenship to foreigners to maintain status quo. Kuwait's population is difficult to estimate given the number of non-nationals, and preliminary results of the 2011 census showed the population at 3.1 million, including 1.1 million citizens and 2.0 million non-nationals.
Kuwait considers its high level of non-nationals a problem and has announced plans to reduce this number. Meanwhile, the presence of the Bidoon, a stateless people numbering over 100,000, is also viewed as an issue. This group is classified as illegal residents who are attempting to claim Kuwait citizenship. It's believed these people are Arabs who migrated from Saudi Arabia, Syria and Iraq and these other states do not consider them nationals, either. A law was passed in 2013 to grant citizenship to 4,000 of this population to resolve the problem, although the government has stated that only a third of the Bidoon people would even qualify for naturalization as it believes the rest do indeed hold other nationalities but have destroyed their documents.
In 2007, Kuwait had the third highest net migration rate in the world at 16.01, which was in part due to the discovery of oil and increased living standards in the country, which led to a large and growing immigrant population.
Kuwait Population Projections
The rate of growth in Kuwait is expected to slow down in the years to come, but the population will continue to grow, however the drop in growth rate is expected to be fairly drastic. Current projections believe that the rate of growth in Kuwait will peak at 1.80% in 2020, before declining toward 0.50% in 2050. If these numbers are to be believed, the population in Kuwait will be close to 4,302,875 in 2020, 4,873,674 in 2030, 5,323,821 in 2040, and 5,643,532 by 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 10 minutes|
|One death every 42 minutes|
|One net migrant every 18 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 7 minutes|