Mozambique Population 2020
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, and the Indian Ocean. It is also separated from the island of Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel. In 2020, Mozambique has an estimated population of 31.26 million, which ranks 46th in the world.
Mozambique Area and Population Density
Mozambique has an estimated population of 31.26 million, which is significantly higher than the 2007 census figure of 21,397,000. Mozambique, with an area of 309,496 square miles (801,563 square kilometers) remains fairly sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer, which is 178th in the world. The north-central provinces of Nampula and Zambezia are the most populous regions of Mozambique and account for 45% of the total population.
Largest Cities in Mozambique
The largest city and capital is Maputo (previously Lourenco Marques) with a population of 1.2 million. The once second-largest city of Matola, had a dramatic population increase going from 671,556 to 1,616,267 between 2007 and 2017.
Other groups living in Mozambique include: Makonde, Swahili, Tonga, Yao, Nguni, and Chopi. The Bantu account for 97.8% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (mostly of Portuguese descent), Euro-Africans (of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage) and Indians. There are about 45,000 people of Indian descent in the country.
The Makua live in the northern region of the country, the Sena and Shona live in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (or Tsonga) are dominant in the southern region of the country.
Mozambique Religion, Economy and Politics
Religion in Mozambique is somewhat varied, with 56.1% of the population practicing Christianity, 17.9% practicing Islam, and the remaining with the remaining 26% either practicing a different religion or being agnostic/atheist. Religious groups tend to be in different regions of the country, with the north being predominantly Muslim and the south having more Christians.
More than half of the country's population lives in poverty and rely on agricultural subsidies. Private land ownership is strictly prohibited, and political corruption and police extortion are commonplace in Mozambique. Politics and business go hand in hand in an unhealthy way, and keeps the people of the country in very unfortunate circumstances.
Mozambique Population History
The longstanding power of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) has been in place since 1975. They clashed with the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) during a 16-year civil war that ended in 1992. The government has been accumulating unauthorized debt for a long time, making it difficult to get aid and keeping most of the country very poor.
Mozambique Population Growth
The average woman in Mozambique has 6 children in her lifetime, which is quite a problem considering food supply is already an issue for the existing population, with families often choosing to have just one meal a day. Women are not in charge of their own reproductive rights and are even belittled for not producing many children from very young ages. These women are often not educated beyond grade 7, which is when many start their families. Large families serve as a form of social protection, but don't allow the individuals to thrive and it doesn't seem as though the government is doing anything to curb this trend.
Mozambique Population Projections
The steep growth rate of Mozambique doesn't seem to be changing anytime soon, and it is predicted that it will remain above 2% for at least the next 50 years. The population is predicted to be 32.309,195 in 2020, 42,438,701 in 2030, and should break 60 million by 2045!
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 28 seconds|
|One death every 2 minutes|
|One net migrant every 103 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 36 seconds|