Philippines Population 2020
The population of the Philippines has been steadily growing for many years. It is the 13th most populated country in the world, between Mexico and Ethiopia, and grew at a rate of 1.72% between 2010 and 2015. The 2020 population is 109.58 million, according to the latest UN estimates.
Philippines Area and Population Density
The country of the Philippines is an archipelago made up of over 7,000 islands that total 115,831 square miles (300,000 square kilometers). Most of the islands are pretty small, but a few larger ones like Luzon and Mindanao account for a large portion of the surface area.
The islands are broken up into three categories: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao - which are basically north, central and south, respectively. While some islands are much more populated than others, the overall population density of the Philippines is 939 people per square mile (363 people per square kilometer).
Largest Cities in the Philippines
The Philippines' largest city is Quezon City, which contains 2,936,116 people. It forms a part of the wider Metropolitan Manila area, which is comprised of 17 cities and municipalities and has an overall population of 12.8 million people. To make things even more complicated, the entire Greater Manila urban area spills out beyond the boundaries of Metro Manila and is reported to contain around 22.7 million people, which is a quarter of the Philippines' entire population.
Unsurprisingly for a country that is made up of many islands, the Philippines contains a diverse range of ethnic groups. The latest data available comes from the 2000 census, which reported the following breakdown:
- Tagalog, 28.1%
- Cebuano, 13.1%
- Ilocano, 9%
- Bisaya, 7.6%
- Hiligaynon, 7.5%
- Bikol, 6%
- Waray, 3.4%
- Other, 25.3%
Philippines Religion, Economy and Politics
Religion in the Philippines is heavily influenced by its history as a part of the Spanish Empire. As well as naming the country after its King (Philip II), Spain also exported its religion, and today around 81% of the country's citizens are Roman Catholic Christians. Of the remaining people, 11% are from other Christian denominations and around 5.6% are Muslim, mainly based in the southwest area of the country.
Although the official language of the Philippines was, for many years, Spanish, the legacy of the American administration during the first half of the 20th century has been that its two official languages today are English and Filipino (derived from Tagalog.)
The recent 2015 estimates in the World Factbook give some insight into the developments across the Philippine county. 91.8% have improved access to drinking water sources, while 8.2% of the population still struggle to obtain safe water. In terms of sanitation facilities, only 77.9% of the population maintains access, while 26.1% are limited in their sanitation services. Literacy is at 96.3% across the entire population, with a school expenditure of approximately 2.7% of the national GDP.
Philippines Population History
The first census in the Philippines was held in 1591 and recorded a population of just 667,612 people. Japan already had a population of 8 million at that time. The Philippines crossed the 1,000,000 threshold in the mid 18th century and grew to nearly 8 million by 1900. It has seen steady growth throughout its recorded history until it's impressive population of today.
In addition to the over 100 million Filipinos living in the Philippines itself, there are estimated to be around 10.2 million Filipino people living abroad. Many have moved abroad temporarily to find work, but others have settled abroad permanently.
Given its close ties with America, it is not surprising that the United States is home to the largest group of overseas Filipinos - over 3.5 million. There are also large Filipino populations in the Middle East (1 million in Saudi Arabia, 822,000 in the United Arab Emirates and 204,000 in Qatar), Malaysia (793,000), Japan (182,000) and Australia (397,000.) Interestingly, only about 42,000 Filipinos live in Spain, the Philippines' old imperial master.
Philippines Population Growth
Based on 2015 census data, the population in 2016 in the Philippines was 100,981,437. Based on the 2015 census results, the population increased by over 8 million people when compared to the 2010 census results. The growth rate has slowed slightly from the previous census, down to 1.72% from 1.89%.
Philippines Population Projections
The notable rate of population increase in the Philippines is projected to slow in the future, but should still be substantial. The current growth rate of 1.52% is projected to halve by 2050. The population is forecast to hit 110 million by 2020, and 125 million by 2030.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 14 seconds|
|One death every 49 seconds|
|One net migrant every 8 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 21 seconds|