Romania Population 2020

19,266,883

As of early 2014, the population of Romania was around 21,595,302, a slight decrease from the estimated 21,668,721 in 2013 and from the 2011 population estimates when the figure stood at 21,801,942. Romania's population is apparently decreasing at a rate of over 0.32% per year. In 2018, this yearly loss rate rose to .50%, indicating a more dramatic decline over the last year. According to historical figures, Romania actually hit its population peak in the early 90s, when there were 23,372,101 people in Romania. In 2020 the population is estimated at 19.24 million, which ranks 61st in the world.

Romania Area and Population Density

Romania's borders encapsulate a total of 92,046 square miles (238,931 square kilometers) of area. When calculated with the current population numbers, we find a population density of approximately 213 people per square mile (82 people per square kilometer). This earns the country 96th rank in overall population density.

Largest Cities in Romania

The capital of Romania is Bucharest and this city has a population of 1,877,155 individuals. The World Factbook explains that a fairly even population distribution can be found throughout most of the country.

Demographics of Romania

Romania is a small country that is constituted of 84.1% Ethnic Romanians from its total population while a small Hungarian minority makes up 5.4% of the population demographics.

The age structure of Romania is skewed heavily towards its inhabitants in the 25-54 year age group. They make up around 46.3% of the population. The younger generation in the 0-25 year age bracket also has a significant majority in the country with 24.95% of the population growing with them. These are encouraging numbers, which show that Romania has a thriving workforce and an upcoming generation available for its development, provided it can create suitable opportunities for its inhabitants to help develop it further in the long run. Moreover, the population of senior citizens in Romania (people 55 years and over) also make up a significant portion of the country's population at 27.8%. This population spread also shows that Romania has a very uniform distribution of its population in all age brackets except the 25-54 year olds.

The sex ratio is also uniquely uniform in Romania with the men and the women sharing almost equal numbers in the country. From 0-64 years old, the ratio is slightly tipped in favor of the males. There are 1.06 males for each female, but this changes to almost a 1:1 ratio when we look at the 55-64 year age structure. From 64 years and beyond, the sex ratio is skewed in favor of the women as the ratio then is 0.68 male per 1 female.

All in all, Romania has a roughly equal distribution of males and females in its population, which in turn is very evenly divided amongst its age groups. With suitable opportunities and economic growth, Romania can certainly develop itself more and enhance its image around the world. It is showing steady signs of improvement over the years, and with an able workforce available at its disposable, it can certainly become a country of much importance in the region.

The official language used is Romanian, with additional use of Hungarian and Romani in some communities.

Romania Religion, Economy and Politics

In terms of religion, although the country is officially secular, over 80% of the population adhere to the Eastern Orthodox, with the Protestant and Roman Catholic sects both coming in with under 10% of the population.

Romania has a diverse and highly skilled labor force and has been doing very well in recent years- ranking as the 40th strongest economy in the world. In addition to their consistent economic growth domestically, Romania has also become a country sought after by foreign investors. The main exports from Romania include vehicles, machinery, chemicals, and electronic products. Their nominal GDP in 2018 was $240 billion US dollars.

Romania Population History

Romania became an independent nation in 1877, after long being run by the Ottoman Empire. The country became a kingdom in 1881. In 1914, King Carol died, ending the country's alliance with Germany and Austria and Romania joined the Allied forces in World War I. At the end of the war, a peace agreement was made that almost doubled the population of Romania in 1918. An earthquake killed 1500 in the city of Bucharest in 1977. The rate of growth began declining from 1% around that time until Romania began having a negative growth rate in the early 1990s.

Romania Population Growth

This factor highlights that the life expectancy of women in Romania is higher than the men. Although the overall life expectancy in Romania is around 74.22 years, the life expectancy of males is 70.75 years only. In contrast to that, the life expectancy of women is 77.89 years, which is a significant difference between the sexes.

Most of Romania's population resides in the urban zones of the country. These include the major cities such as Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi and Constanta. Around 55.20% of the total population is present in the city regions of the country, while the remaining 44.80% reside in the rural areas.

Furthermore, Romania has shown an encouraging decrease in infant mortality rates (IMR). Around the year 2002, it was reporting around 17.2 deaths per 1000 children. However, by 2012 this figure had fallen to 9.2 deaths per 1000 children.

Romania Population Projections

The population of Romania has been steadily declining and is expected to stay on that trend into the foreseeable future. The decrease has been largely due to low fertility, high mortality, and emigration. The 2019 annual rate of change of -0.50% is expected to stay fairly steady, not changing the population drastically- yet definitely declining. It is forecast that the population will be 19,388,362 in 2020, 18,464,237 in 2030, and 17,463,110 by 2040.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 10 minutes
Net loss of one person every 4 minutes

Romania Population in 2018Source: By Dobre Cezar [CC BY-SA 3.0 ro (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ro/deed.en)], from Wikimedia Commons

Romania Population Pyramid 2020

Romania Population by Age

There are 15,755,183 adults in Romania.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201131 October 2011
200218 March 2002
19927 January 1992
Official NameRomania
Languages SpokenRomanian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude46.00, 25.00
Currencies UsedRomania Leu
DemonymRomanian
BordersBulgaria
Hungary
Moldova
Serbia
Ukraine
Name Population Location
Bucharest1,877,155Map
Sector 3385,439Map
Sector 6367,760Map
Sector 2345,370Map
Iasi318,012Map
Cluj-Napoca316,748Map
Timisoara315,053Map
Craiova304,142Map
Constanta303,399Map
Galati294,087Map
Sector 4287,828Map
Brasov276,088Map
Sector 5271,575Map
Ploiesti228,851Map
Sector 1225,453Map
Braila213,569Map
Oradea206,614Map
Bacau171,396Map
Arad169,065Map
Pitesti167,669Map

Romania Population Clock

The population of Romania (as of 4/2/2020)?19,266,883
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)19,237,691
Births Per Day508
Deaths Per Day698
Net Migrations Per Day-138
Net Change Per Day-328
Population Change Since January 1st-30,504

Romania Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 19,268,625

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202019,237,69148.62%51.38%80.7061-0.66%
201919,364,55748.64%51.36%81.2361-0.73%
201819,506,11448.66%51.34%81.8260-0.75%
201719,653,96948.68%51.32%82.4459-0.72%
201619,796,28548.69%51.31%83.0459-0.65%
201519,925,17548.68%51.32%83.5859-0.54%
201020,471,86448.55%51.45%85.8857-0.90%
200521,417,29148.74%51.26%89.8450-0.66%
200022,137,41948.92%51.08%92.8646-0.73%
199522,964,75449.14%50.86%96.3339-0.45%
199023,489,16049.30%50.70%98.53370.36%
198523,071,27449.31%50.69%96.78330.40%
198022,615,63949.32%50.68%94.87330.86%
197521,665,64349.24%50.76%90.88331.06%
197020,548,91149.12%50.88%86.20321.18%
196519,379,56848.98%51.02%81.29310.81%
196018,613,93948.83%51.17%78.08291.26%
195517,483,93548.61%51.39%73.34291.49%
195016,236,29648.34%51.66%68.11290.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202019,237,69148.62%51.38%80.70610.00%
202518,772,91248.62%51.38%78.7569-0.49%
203018,306,10148.64%51.36%76.7972-0.50%
203517,814,66048.66%51.34%74.7376-0.54%
204017,306,60048.73%51.27%72.6078-0.58%
204516,786,45348.83%51.17%70.4279-0.61%
205016,259,78748.93%51.07%68.2179-0.64%
205515,722,75149.04%50.96%65.9582-0.67%
206015,174,76949.19%50.81%63.6584-0.71%
206514,634,08949.37%50.63%61.3987-0.72%
207014,126,06949.54%50.46%59.2688-0.70%
207513,668,42249.69%50.31%57.3490-0.66%
208013,256,30349.80%50.20%55.6192-0.61%
208512,882,34549.88%50.12%54.0492-0.57%
209012,534,80549.93%50.07%52.5893-0.55%
209512,204,97449.96%50.04%51.2094-0.53%
  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 and 2011 censuses, with an official estimate of the total population for 1 July 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer