Syria Population 2020 (Live)

17,501,714

Due to the Syrian Civil War, the Syrian population decreased between 2011 and 2018 as over 5 million people sought refuge in other countries. Since 2018, the population has started to increase again and is expected to surpass 20 million again by the end of 2023. Syria’s population is expected to peak at 36.5 million people in 2087 and then start to slowly decline.

Syria grew 2.54% from 2019 to 2020, adding over 430,000 people to its population. This population growth rate is significantly higher than the year before, which was 0.74%. The fertility rate in Syria is currently 2.84 births per woman, which is lower than in recent years. This decreasing fertility rate trend is expected to continue and is expected to be between 1.4 births to 2 births per woman by 2025.

The current population of Syria is 17,501,714, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 17,500,658.

Syria Growth Rate

Syria Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Aleppo1,602,264
Damascus1,569,394
Homs775,404
Hamah460,602
Latakia340,181
Deir ez-Zor242,565
Ar Raqqah177,636
Al Bab130,745
Idlib128,840
Douma111,864

Syria Area and Population Density

Syria's population is comprised of many refugees from other countries. In 2012, it was estimated that 1.8 million refugees in the country were from Iraq, most of whom were displaced during the Iraq war. Syria has also been home to large groups of Palestinians [(560,000)](http://www.unrwa.org/syria-crisis#Syria-Crisis-and-Palestine-refugees) and Armenians (100,000.) Of course, that's now in the past, as Syria has been in a great deal of turmoil and its population is now tumbling out of control.

While Syria's population was currently around 18 million in 2018, this number is changing every day. The United Nations reports that 5,000 people flee Syria every day, and 28% of its population has now been driven from their homes. There are now 9 million Syrians who have fled, and 6.5 million who have been displaced but stay in the country.

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Human Affairs (UNOCHA) states that an estimated 13.5 million Syrians are in need of humanitarian aid in 2016. There are now 4.5 million refugees from the country in nearby countries. 117,658 are in Egypt, 245,022 are in Iraq, 635,324 in Jordan, 1.1 million in Lebanon and 2.5 million in Turkey.

The Mediterranean Sea touches Syria on its Western border, and the country is otherwise touched by Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey, and Lebanon. The country stretches across 71,498 square miles (185,180 square kilometers). Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,495,445, the population density of Syria is 259 people per square mile (100 people per square kilometer), making it the 86th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Syria

The largest city in Syria is not its capital Damascus, but Aleppo, which is situated in the North East of the country.

Aleppo's population was recorded at 2,132,100 in the 2004 Census, although it has dropped dramatically since, given the civil war and millions fleeing the country. As the country is embroiled in a war, updated estimates on city populations are unavailable or may be skewed due to the fluctuations caused by the chaos.

Damascus is the second largest city in Syria, with a population of 1,711,000 (estimate, 2009). It holds the record as the oldest continually inhabited city in the world; there is additional evidence of human habitation in Damascus dating back to 9,000 BC (however, historians have agreed that 2000 BC is the more likely time that Damascus was brought together into a single city from the smaller surrounding groups.

Syria is urbanizing rapidly. It is estimated that in 2010, 56% of the people in Syria lived in an urban environment, and this number is increasing by more than 2% per year.

Syria Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202017,500,6582.52%95.3068116
201917,070,1350.74%92.9669118
201816,945,057-0.88%92.2869117
201717,095,678-2.12%93.1065117
201617,465,575-2.96%95.1164113
201517,997,408-3.37%98.0161111
201021,362,5293.07%116.335493
200518,361,1762.27%99.9956104
200016,410,8482.73%89.3756107
199514,345,4922.88%78.1258113
199012,446,1713.17%67.7856118
198510,648,6323.58%57.9957119
19808,930,7743.45%48.6364121
19757,535,7143.48%41.0468127
19706,350,5413.40%34.5870131
19655,373,1373.28%29.2674133
19604,573,5123.18%24.9176133
19553,911,5012.76%21.3080134
19503,413,3310.00%18.5982136

Syria Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202017,500,6582.52%95.3068116
202523,061,9735.67%125.596095
203026,676,5652.96%145.275887
203528,579,5881.39%155.645888
204030,153,2811.08%164.216086
204531,693,4821.00%172.596085
205033,129,3210.89%180.416285
205534,336,6270.72%186.996084
206035,234,5880.52%191.885984
206535,815,0960.33%195.046088
207036,146,6500.18%196.856087
207536,323,9240.10%197.816386
208036,424,6100.06%198.366185
208536,485,5060.03%198.696085
209036,491,3340.00%198.726082
209536,381,796-0.06%198.136079

Syria Population by Year (Projections)

Syria Population Pyramid 2020

Syria Population by Age

There are 10,833,627 adults in Syria.

Syria Population Pyramid

Due to the Syrian Civil War, the Syrian population decreased between 2011 and 2018 as over 5 million people sought refuge in other countries. Since 2018, the population has started to increase again and is expected to surpass 20 million again by the end of 2023. Syria’s population is expected to peak at 36.5 million people in 2087 and then start to slowly decline.

Syria grew 2.54% from 2019 to 2020, adding over 430,000 people to its population. This population growth rate is significantly higher than the year before, which was 0.74%. The fertility rate in Syria is currently 2.84 births per woman, which is lower than in recent years. This decreasing fertility rate trend is expected to continue and is expected to be between 1.4 births to 2 births per woman by 2025.

About Syria

  1. Central Bureau of Statistics in Syria
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1960, 1970, 1981, 1994 and 2004 censuses, official estimates for 2010, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer