Tunisia Population 2020
Tunisia, officially the Tunisian Republic, is the northernmost country of Africa and the smallest country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Libya and Algeria. The estimated 2020 population of Tunisia is 11.82 million, which ranks 79th in the world.
Tunisia Area and Population Density
Tunisia is located on the north coast of Africa along the Mediterranean Sea, with a surface area of 63,170 square miles (163,610 square kilometers). Tunisia is not a very densely populated nation. Using the 2019 population of 11.78 million people, the population density of Tunisia is 186.5 people per square mile (72.0 people per square kilometer), which ranks 110th in the world.
Largest Cities in Tunisia
Roughly two-thirds of Tunisian citizens live in urban areas, and the country has several sizable cities. The capital and largest city is Tunis, with a population of just over one million, and over 2 million in the greater metro area. The next largest Sfax with a population of 330,000. Other major cities with populations over 100,000 include Sousse, Ettadhamen, Kairouan, Gabes, Bizerte, Aryanah, Garsa, and El Mourouj.
Tunisia is mostly made up of people from distinct and mixed Berber and Arab descent. About 98% of the population identifies as Arabs, while just 1% are purely Berber and live in the Dahar mountains and the island of Djerba.
Between the late 19th century and through the 1950's, Tunisia had large populations of French and Italians, who combined made up 255,000 in 1956. Virtually all of the Europeans and the Jewish population left after the country gained independence. There was a history of Jews in the region going back 2,000 years. While the 1948 Jewish population was over 105,000, it was reduced to just 1,500 by 2003.
The Berbers are the first known inhabitants of the region, although today's Tunisia reflects many civilizations who have invaded, migrated to and been assimilated into the population over the last thousand years.
Tunisia Religion, Economy and Politics
Tunisia is an almost entirely Muslim country, with 99% of the population practicing the religion. In fact, it is the official religion of the country and the president is required to be Muslim. Nearly all of the Muslim population is Sunni, and a small indigenous population is Shia or Sufi. There are also small populations of Christians, Jews, and Baha'i - a religion from Egypt.
Since the national uprising in 2011 that changed Tunisia from a one-party state to a democracy, the economy has been in really good shape and continues to grow. Supported by the agriculture, services, electrical and mechanical industries- the economy has been growing at an increasingly fast rate to the impressive 3% growth rate of 2019.
Tunisia Population History
The country of Tunisia was a protectorate of France from 1883-1957 when they became a completely independent republic. During the period under French rule, however, Tunisia fought in the World Wars with the French. As the country grew towards the turn of the century, they became more and more democratic before holding their first multi-party elections in 1999.
In 2002, a synagogue was bombed by Al-Qaeda, killing 19 people, beginning years under the threat of terror, which ramped up in 2015 with a couple of deadly terrorist attacks- one killing 21, and the other killing 38- causing the closing of several extremist mosques.
Tunisia Population Growth
The Tunisian population hasn't been changing significantly in recent years. In fact, the rate of growth has been slow and getting slower. The annual growth rate has decreased nearly a whole percentage point since 1995, going from 2.05% to the 2019 rate of 1.06%. The economy and infrastructure are relatively strong in the Tunisia and could probably handle more significant growth.
Tunisia Population Projections
The slow rate of growth in Tunisia is expected to get even slower in years to come, potentially slowing down to 0% over the next century. Current projections state that the growth rate will peak at 1.09% in 2020, before a decline to 0.29% by 2050. Such slow rates of change don't allow for significant changes in numbers. These predictions say that the population in Tunisia will be 11,903,136 in 2020, 12,841,615 in 2030, 13,434,541 in 2040 and 13,883,996 in 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 3 minutes|
|One death every 7 minutes|
|One net migrant every 131 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 4 minutes|