Based on current projections, Uganda’s population is expected to surpass 100 million people by 2050 and reached 167 million people by the end of the century. By 2100, Uganda’s population is expected to surpass that of Egypt, the second-largest country by population currently in Africa.
Uganda’s population growth rate is currently 3.32%. The growth rate has remained around 3% for the past several decades in Uganda. This is influenced heavily by the country’s fertility rate of 4.78 births per woman. At this growth, over 1 million people are added to the population each year.
Uganda’s rapid population growth is a cause for concern. Issues cited include rapid urbanization, poor waste management, high poverty, unemployment, environmental degradation, and inadequate infrastructure, among other things.