Uganda Population 2020

45,393,462

According to 2020 estimates, the population of Uganda is around 45.74 million, up significantly from 2013’s estimate of 33,640,833. However, one should remain mindful that Uganda in these estimates takes notes of all mortality accounts that it experiences due to AIDS. As a result, these accounts can possibly affect all subsequent statistics such as infant mortality, life expectancy, higher death rates, and lower population growth rates, not to mention the changes in the distribution of the population by sex and age that would not be expected otherwise. Uganda is the 31st largest country in the world.

Uganda Area and Population Density

The total area that Uganda claims within their boundaries comes to 241,038 square kilometers. The density of the population overall is approximately 183 individuals per square kilometer.

While 84% of residents live in rural areas instead of the developing urban areas, the major cities still boast a large number of inhabitants. Consider Kampala with 1,353,189 residents and Gulu with 146,858.

Largest Cities in Uganda

With over 80% of Ugandan citizens living in rural areas, there isn't much as far as large cities. The largest, by far is the capital, Kampala with a population of 1,659,600 with the next largest city having a population of 365,000.

Uganda Demographics

Uganda is one of the countries that houses rich ethnic diversity, which includes most of its population speaking three major languages - Bantu, Nilotic and Central Sudanic. Furthermore, the number of ethnic groups present in Uganda is very large, making it one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the region. The main ethnic group is called the Ganda, which makes up 16.9% of the population, followed by the Nkole, Soga and Kiga tribes, which make up 9.5%, 8.4% and 6.9% respectively. There are many other tribes; however, they constitute a very small percentage of the total population.

The life expectancy in the country is around 58.5 years, with the life expectancy of males being 56.7 years and 60.5 years for females. Due to the high marriage rate in the country, the age structure is skewed towards the younger generations with 48.47% of the Ugandaís population being in the 0-14 year-old age group. After that, 28.34% of the population of Uganda is in the 25-64 year age group. Lastly, 21.16% of the total population is dominated by the 15-24 year age group. Just 2.04% of the population is 65 or older.

These statistics show that Uganda can boast about a large population that can be classified as a work force, which could in turn help in its growth and economic stability. However, with a huge percentage of the population that is so young (0-14 years old), it could prove to be a grave situation for the country because it has to provide for these children and make sure that it can control its high birth rate. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR), which is described as the number of children per woman, of Uganda is one of the highest in the region and has remained on average around 6.9 in the past decade. As of 2016, the fertility rate for the country is 6.

Uganda Religion, Economy and Politics

The inhabitants of Uganda are mainly Roman Catholic and make up 39.3% of the total population. Anglican, Muslim and Pentecostal believers represent 32%, 13.7% and 11.1% of the total population respectively.

The rich ethnic, cultural and religious diversity sets Uganda apart. As it is a developing nation, it does house significant working class age groups that can help in its economic growth. Nevertheless, it is imperative that it provides suitable opportunities for its residents. Most importantly, as its sex ratio is roughly 1:1 with males housing a very slender majority, it can become a country that relies strongly on its women in all aspects of life. This, in turn, can help its image to flourish, while giving it another avenue for growth. The country’s women can partake in any responsibilities that are required in any development sector in Uganda.

Uganda Population history

The population of Uganda has grown significantly over the past century, maintaining a growth rate slightly above or below 3% for most of that time.

Uganda Population growth

The current rate of growth is 3.26% annually giving rise to an increase of nearly 1.5 million each year.

Uganda Population Projections

After 2020, the rate of growth is finally set to start slowing down and is predicted to drop an entire percentage point by the year 2050. The population of forecast to be 47,187,703 in 2020, and 63,842,360 in 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 19 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 10 minutes
Net gain of one person every 22 seconds

Uganda Population in 2018Source: Omoo [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Uganda Population Pyramid 2020

Uganda Population by Age

There are 20,531,220 adults in Uganda.

Census Years

Year Date
20242024
20146 September 2014
200212 September 2002
199119 January 1991
Official NameRepublic of Uganda
Languages SpokenEnglish, Swahili
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude1.00, 32.00
Currencies UsedUganda Shilling
DemonymUgandan
BordersDr Congo
Kenya
Rwanda
South Sudan
Tanzania
Name Population Location
Kampala1,353,189Map
Gulu146,858Map
Lira119,323Map
Mbarara97,500Map
Jinja93,061Map
Bwizibwera79,157Map
Mbale76,493Map
Mukono67,290Map
Kasese67,269Map
Masaka65,373Map
Entebbe62,969Map
Njeru61,952Map
Kitgum56,891Map
Soroti56,400Map
Arua55,585Map
Iganga45,024Map
Kabale43,500Map
Busia43,200Map
Fort Portal42,670Map
Mityana41,131Map

Uganda Population Clock

The population of Uganda (as of 4/2/2020)?45,393,462
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)45,741,007
Births Per Day4,538
Deaths Per Day783
Net Migrations Per Day150
Net Change Per Day3,905
Population Change Since January 1st363,165

Uganda Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 45,382,224

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202045,741,00749.29%50.71%189.36313.32%
201944,269,59449.26%50.74%183.27323.61%
201842,729,03649.22%50.78%176.90333.80%
201741,166,58849.19%50.81%170.43343.83%
201639,649,16649.15%50.85%164.14353.72%
201538,225,45349.12%50.88%158.25353.34%
201032,428,16749.08%50.92%134.25373.21%
200527,684,58549.27%50.73%114.61393.20%
200023,650,17249.23%50.77%97.91422.99%
199520,413,15249.40%50.60%84.51463.30%
199017,354,39249.66%50.34%71.85473.57%
198514,559,35549.80%50.20%60.27503.19%
198012,442,33449.79%50.21%51.51522.99%
197510,737,40349.77%50.23%44.45522.68%
19709,405,60049.74%50.26%38.94563.33%
19657,986,06649.73%50.27%33.06613.37%
19606,767,09549.74%50.26%28.02652.82%
19555,888,79349.78%50.22%24.38652.68%
19505,158,19049.87%50.13%21.35650.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202045,741,00749.29%50.71%189.36310.00%
202552,294,28249.40%50.60%216.49282.71%
203059,437,92849.48%50.52%246.07262.59%
203566,888,89649.53%50.47%276.92262.39%
204074,454,61349.55%50.45%308.24222.17%
204582,012,73249.56%50.44%339.53211.95%
205089,446,90449.55%50.45%370.30211.75%
205596,648,52149.52%50.48%400.12211.56%
2060103,519,99549.48%50.52%428.57181.38%
2065109,932,49349.43%50.57%455.11161.21%
2070115,799,56949.37%50.63%479.40171.05%
2075121,061,98149.31%50.69%501.19170.89%
2080125,645,10549.24%50.76%520.16180.75%
2085129,496,23349.17%50.83%536.11170.61%
2090132,616,87049.11%50.89%549.02170.48%
2095135,029,02449.05%50.95%559.01180.36%
  1. Bureau of Statistics
  2. Bureau of Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1969, 1980, 1991, 2002 and 2014 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer