Uzbekistan Population 2020
The population of Uzbekistan in 2020 is 33.47 million, up from 29,559,100 in 2013 and 29,123,400 in 2011. This ranks Uzbekistan 42nd in the world.
This figure is an estimate of the figures for 1 January 2014, and is provided by stat.uz, the country’s official statistical body. Their data is based on sampling 10% of the population, rather than undertaking a traditional census - the last full census to cover Uzbekistan was the 1989 Soviet Census.
Other estimates of Uzbekistan’s population are available, notably from the CIA World Factbook. It estimated that Uzbekistan’s population in July 2011 was 28,394,180 - 700,000 lower than the official Government estimate.
Uzbekistan Area and Population Density
Uzbekistan's population of 32,393,645 makes it the 43th largest country in the world and the third largest of the former Soviet states - behind Russia (142 million) and Ukraine (45 million). The area of the country is 173,351 square miles (448,962 square kilometers), giving it a population density of 186.87 people per square mile (72.02 people per square kilometer).
It is the largest country in Central Asia, comprising over 40% of the region's overall population. Other countries in the region are: Kazakhstan (pop: 16.6 million), Kyrgyzstan (pop: 5.6 million), Tajikistan (pop: 8.4 million) and Turkmenistan (pop: 5.3 million).
Largest Cities in Uzbekistan
The largest city in Uzbekistan is Taskent, the capital city. The latest available estimate - from 2009 - showed the Tashkent population to be 2.2 million, an increase of more than 700,000 since independence in 1991. Unofficial estimates place the city’s population much higher, though - some argue that it is actually home to 4 million people, many of whom have not got proper registration papers and are reluctant to respond to official surveys.
You can see from the map above (it’s a worldmapper map that shows a slightly distorted image based on population density) that the Uzbekistan population is most dense in the east of the country, around its major cities.
The latest data available data on ethnicity in Uzbekistan is from 1996. It showed the following major ethnic groups in Uzbekistan: Uzbek (80%), Russian (5.5%), Tajik (3%), Karakalpak (2.5%), Tartar (1.5%), Other 2.5%). There is some dispute about these figures, however, and it is possible that the number of Tajiks in Uzbekistan is considerably higher.
Uzbekistan Religion, Economy and Politics
The main religion in Uzbekistan is Islam. Official figures are not available, but according to the US State Department, 88% of Uzbeks are Muslims and 9% are Orthodox Christians.
Again, official figures are not available, but the US State Department (see link above) reports that the Uzbek language is the first language of 74.3% of Uzbeks, followed by Russian (14.2%) and Tajik (4.4%).
Uzbek is the official state language, but Russian remains widely spoken and is a second language for many in the country. Tajik language speakers are concentrated in ethnically Tajik areas, particularly in Samarkand and Bukhara.
Uzbekistan Population History
At the beginning of the 19th century, there were roughly 2000 miles of unmapped territory between Tsarist Russia, and British India. Russia jumped on this opportunity for expanded domination and by the turn of the 20th century, Uzbekistan was under Russian control. Uzbekistan soldiers fought on both sides during World War II (the majority fought against Nazi Germany), and roughly 300,000 were either killed or went missing.
Uzbekistan declared its independence from Russia in 1990 and it has been a sovereign nation ever since.
Population Growth in Uzbekistan
Regardless of which source you trust more to tell you how many people live in Uzbekistan, it is clearly a fairly rapidly growing country. The population has increased fairly steadily over the past 60 years, from around 6 million in the 1950s to almost 30 million today.
The rate of growth has slowed somewhat over time - from around 3.5% per year in the 1960s down to around 1.4% per year today. but if current growth rates continue, Uzbekistan will top 30 million people for the first time in 2016, and by 2020 will be home to around 33 million.
Uzbekistan Population Projections
The relatively slow growth of Uzbekistan during the 21st century is expected to continue as the years progress. The current growth rate of 1.37% is expected to drop below 1% in the next decade. The population is predicted to be 33,235,825 in 2020, 36,712,267 by 2030, and should cross the 40 million mark by 2045.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 47 seconds|
|One death every 3 minutes|
|One net migrant every 60 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 1 minutes|