Countries With Constitutions 2022

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A constitution is a legal document that outlines the government’s structure and the basic principles of ruling and governing a nation. Many countries have some sort of guidelines that function this way and can be in the form of a written or unwritten constitution. Without this set of rules, a state can’t function properly, and there would be anarchy. While the constitution doesn't cover every issue, it’s mandatory to address fundamental matters like the distribution and the use of power.

Countries with constitutions include Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Bahamas, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Cameroon, chad, Chile, China, Cuba, Denmark, Djibouti, Egypt, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Ierland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Kuwait, Malawi, Malta, North Korea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Russia, rwanda, Saint Lucia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Matters Addressed in a Constitution

A constitution addresses the legal, political, and social dimensions of a country. The legal dimension deals with the legislative process, the independence of the judiciary, the protection of human rights of citizens, the power of the Supreme court to invalidate legislation, and how to change the constitution. The document also addresses the political aspects relating to its governance, division, and separation of power between the three arms of government, the election process, and the relationship between the central, local, and provincial state entities. When it comes to the social dimension, the constitution declares certain ideals that are typical for its citizens.

Types of Constitution

A constitution can be codified or uncodified. A codified constitution is written in a single document and is often a product of drastic political change. Its legitimacy is tied to the process used to adopt it, and many countries with codified constitutions experience a high constitutional turnover. However, they give the constitution supremacy over ordinary statute law. This means if there’s a conflict between the codified constitution and a legal statute, all or part of the statute can be declared unconstitutional by the court.

On the other hand, an uncodified constitution is one where the fundamental rules take the form of customs, precedent, usage, and a variety of legal instruments and statutes. An understanding of this kind of constitution is obtained by the government, the judiciary, legal experts, or the government committees. Uncodified constitution is more adaptable, flexible, and resilient because all its elements may be (or maybe not) recognized by legislators and the courts as binding upon the government. It is this framework that’s sometimes referred to as an unwritten constitution. However, all the elements of an uncodified constitution are written in different official documents though not codified in one document.

Countries With Constitutions 2022

Country Date Ratified Word Count
ChinaDecember 4 198210,960
IndiaNovember 26 1949146,385
United StatesJune 21 17887,762
IndonesiaAugust 18 19455,915
PakistanAugust 14 197356,240
NigeriaMay 29 199966,263
BrazilOctober 5 198864,488
BangladeshNovember 4 197227,643
RussiaDecember 12 199312,908
MexicoFebruary 5 191757,087
JapanMay 3 19474,998
EthiopiaAugust 21 199513,630
PhilippinesFebruary 2 198721,954
EgyptJanuary 18 201422,626
DR CongoFebruary 18 200619,285
VietnamNovember 28 201311,344
IranDecember 3 197916,179
TurkeyNovember 7 198229,727
GermanyMay 8 194927,379
ThailandApril 6 20177,683
TanzaniaApril 25 197735,651
FranceOctober 4 195810,180
South AfricaFebruary 4 199743,062
ItalyDecember 22 194711,708
MyanmarMay 29 200840,492
KenyaAugust 27 201048,818
ColombiaJuly 4 199146,902
South KoreaJuly 17 19489,059
SpainDecember 6 197817,608
UgandaOctober 8 199549,448
SudanJuly 9 200526,644
ArgentinaMay 1 185312,514
AlgeriaSeptember 8 196310,038
IraqOctober 15 200511,550
AfghanistanOctober 1 1964Not documented by source
PolandApril 2 199719,602
UkraineJune 28 199619,299
MoroccoDecember 14 196215,897
Saudi ArabiaMarch 1 19926,335
AngolaJanuary 21 201027,181
UzbekistanDecember 8 19927,941
PeruDecember 31 199319,216
MalaysiaAugust 27 195764,080
YemenMay 16 1991Not documented by source
GhanaApril 28 199253,985
MozambiqueDecember 21 200424,171
NepalSeptember 20 201532,753
MadagascarNovember 14 201015,759
VenezuelaDecember 20 199937,344
Ivory CoastNovember 8 20167,897
CameroonJanuary 18 19968,444
NigerNovember 25 201014,806
AustraliaJanuary 1 190117,318
North KoreaDecember 25 19727,364
Burkina FasoJune 11 199110,030
MaliJanuary 12 19927,503
SyriaFebruary 27 20128,154
Sri LankaSeptember 7 197840,085
MalawiMay 16 199433,422
Zambia2016Not documented by source
RomaniaNovember 21 199114,663
ChileSeptember 11 198025,821
KazakhstanAugust 30 199513,482
EcuadorOctober 20 200854,555
GuatemalaJanuary 14 198628,692
ChadMarch 31 199611,768
SomaliaAugust 1 201219,823
NetherlandsAugust 24 18158,739
SenegalJanuary 1 200110,866
Cambodia19938,936
ZimbabweMay 9 201355,883
GuineaMay 7 201012,707
RwandaMay 26 200316,940
BeninDecember 2 199011,386
BurundiMarch 9 199217,574
TunisiaJanuary 26 20149,508
BoliviaFebruary 7 200939,375
BelgiumFebruary 7 183116,119
HaitiJune 20 201218,488
JordanJanuary 11 195210,239
Dominican RepublicJanuary 26 201029,710
CubaApril 10 201912,893
South SudanJuly 9 201127,191
Czech RepublicDecember 16 199214,580
HondurasJanuary 20 198223,434
GreeceJune 11 197526,989
AzerbaijanNovember 12 199517,354
PortugalApril 25 197635,219
Papua New GuineaSeptember 16 197558,490
HungaryApril 18 201115,247
TajikistanNovember 6 19947,917
BelarusMarch 15 199413,278
United Arab EmiratesDecember 2 197111,557
AustriaOctober 1 192041,366
TogoOctober 14 199210,252
SwitzerlandApril 18 199916,484
Sierra Leone199644,636
LaosAugust 14 19914,820
SerbiaNovember 8 200619,891
NicaraguaJanuary 1 198720,535
LibyaAugust 3 2011Not documented by source
BulgariaJuly 12 199113,641
ParaguayJune 20 199225,461
KyrgyzstanJune 27 201014,327
TurkmenistanMay 18 19925,735
El SalvadorDecember 20 198322,823
SingaporeAugust 9 196540,076
Republic of the Congo20019,970
DenmarkJune 5 19536,221
SlovakiaOctober 1 199218,402
Central African RepublicMarch 27 20169,767
FinlandMarch 1 200012,640
LebanonMay 23 19266,296
NorwayMay 17 18147,307
LiberiaJanuary 6 198611,667
PalestineMay 28 1964Not documented by source
Costa RicaNovember 7 194916,705
IrelandDecember 29 193716,007
MauritaniaJuly 12 19916,997
OmanNovember 6 1996[4]7,233
PanamaOctober 11 197226,097
KuwaitNovember 11 19628,197
CroatiaDecember 22 199010,898
GeorgiaAugust 24 199511,490
EritreaMay 23 19976,753
UruguayJuly 18 183029,911
MongoliaJanuary 13 19928,250
MoldovaJuly 29 199412,818
Bosnia And HerzegovinaDecember 14 19955,454
AlbaniaNovember 28 199813,826
JamaicaJanuary 1 196238,048
ArmeniaJuly 5 199513,786
LithuaniaOctober 25 199212,214
GambiaJanuary 16 199743,465
QatarApril 9 20046,848
BotswanaSeptember 30 196630,713
NamibiaFebruary 9 199024,198
Gabon199111,804
Lesotho199345,532
SloveniaDecember 23 199111,406
Guinea BissauMay 6 19847,820
North MacedoniaNovember 17 199113,486
LatviaNovember 7 19224,917
Equatorial GuineaNovember 17 19915,575
Trinidad And TobagoMarch 29 197632,567
BahrainFebruary 14 200210,806
EstoniaJune 28 199211,344
MauritiusMarch 12 196837,320
CyprusAugust 16 196037,006
Eswatini200548,604
DjiboutiSeptember 15 19926,666
FijiSeptember 6 201340,773
ComorosDecember 23 20016,185
GuyanaOctober 6 198046,221
BhutanJuly 18 200813,632
Solomon IslandsMay 31 197831,826
LuxembourgJanuary 1 18425,601
MontenegroOctober 19 200711,572
SurinameSeptember 30 198712,488
Cape Verde199232,132
MaltaSeptember 21 196431,820
MaldivesAugust 7 200823,991
Brunei195913,869
Bahamas197341,835
BelizeSeptember 21 198139,629
IcelandJune 17 19444,089
VanuatuJuly 30 19808,425
BarbadosNovember 30 196634,144
Sao Tome And PrincipeNovember 5 19757,988
SamoaOctober 28 196019,611
Saint Lucia197838,271
Kiribati197926,080
Grenada199133,737
MicronesiaOctober 1 19785,271
Seychelles199339,729
TongaNovember 4 187510,192
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines1979Not documented by source
Antigua And BarbudaOctober 31 198138,464
AndorraFebruary 2 19938,740
Dominica197836,080
Saint Kitts And NevisJune 23 198349,643
Marshall Islands197921,429
LiechtensteinOctober 5 19219,513
MonacoDecember 17 19623,814
PalauJuly 9 1980Not documented by source
NauruJanuary 31 196813,714
Tuvalu198634,801
Vatican CityNovember 26 2000Not documented by source

Countries With Constitutions 2022

Sources