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Total Fisheries Production (tonnes)

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Fishing Industry by Country 2024

There are two distinct types of commercial fish production, both of which are measured in metric tons. Capture Fisheries catch and sell fish from the wild, while aquaculture production is human-maintained fish populations raised for consumption.

China produces a total of almost 86 million metric tons of fish each year, more than 60 million metric tons more than the number two producer, Indonesia. While China's capture fisheries production is significantly lower than the 72.8 million metric tons from aquaculture production, the 13 million metric tons of wild-caught fish is almost double the amount of fish caught by any other country. This has led to growing concern around the world about the sustainability of China's fishing practices.

The New York Times reports that China has depleted the fish populations in its own waters. As a result, China has been accused of encroaching on the waters of other countries, as well as plundering the unregulated areas of the ocean. They have elaborate fishing fleets made up of refrigerated cargo ships and smaller fishing vessels. The cargo ship holds both the caught fish and restocking supplies including fuel. As a result, fishing boats do not need to stop production in order to return to port. While there is growing concern about the sustainability of fishing worldwide, China is still positioned as a top fishing producer even without any of its capture fishing production.

Indonesia's total fish production is 21.8 million metric tons, followed by India with 14.4 million and Vietnam with 8.2 million. Much like China, these top producers have more production from aquaculture than capture fishing. However, the next three counties have significantly more production from capture fisheries. Peru has a total production of 6.7 million metric tons, only 150 thousand of which are produced through aquaculture. Russia's total production is 5.4 million metric tons with only 319 thousand of that from aquaculture. Finally, the United States has a total production of 4.7 million with aquaculture accounting for less than 10 percent of that.

Many in the US believe that wild-caught fish are better because they tend to be leaner than farm-raised fish. There is also a pervasive idea that farm fishing consists of keeping too many fish confined in dirty tanks. This is not necessarily the case, but the persistence of that belief could explain why the US focuses mainly on wild-caught fish.

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Country
Total Fisheries Production (tonnes)
Capture Fisheries Production (tonnes)
Aquaculture Production (tonnes)
China85,948,13413,142,83772,805,297
Indonesia21,813,4137,206,87914,606,534
India14,433,2055,024,9059,408,300
Vietnam8,289,5243,540,2504,749,274
Peru6,726,9896,576,171150,818
Russia5,487,0455,167,703319,342
United States4,731,0484,282,433448,615
Bangladesh4,621,2281,982,4832,638,745
Norway4,220,6242,555,5121,665,112
Philippines4,114,5941,842,0672,272,528
Japan4,114,5703,150,890963,680
Chile3,833,5922,390,0721,443,520
South Korea3,742,5661,314,8892,427,677
Myanmar2,594,9571,665,740929,217
Thailand2,402,0211,412,123989,898
Egypt2,001,959425,7701,576,189
Mexico1,875,5661,628,652246,914
Ecuador1,760,054863,619896,435
Malaysia1,754,2091,337,231416,978
Morocco1,434,2051,432,1992,006
Brazil1,410,979760,623650,356
Iran1,258,203779,466478,737
Iceland1,109,5631,056,42753,136
Spain1,088,454808,544279,910
Nigeria1,080,855805,210275,645
Canada945,954754,505191,449
Oman923,786922,0831,703
North Korea888,630208,070680,560
United Kingdom864,698634,419230,280
Cambodia856,400508,050348,350
Argentina856,253852,5663,687
Turkey799,844328,158471,686
Uganda760,545621,987138,558
France708,995510,110198,886
Pakistan660,586496,059164,527
Faroe Islands656,364540,604115,760
Tanzania621,058514,575106,482
Angola531,772528,9642,808
Senegal515,108513,9571,151
Denmark507,097466,50340,594
South Africa501,855491,33010,525
Ghana482,142392,76289,380
New Zealand459,937343,098116,839
Sri Lanka431,255380,27850,977
Namibia411,170410,849321
Mozambique376,763373,5633,200
Netherlands340,131299,54140,590
Guinea326,270325,1201,150
Colombia321,390128,869192,521
Cameroon300,130290,3309,800
Australia297,233171,026126,206
Italy296,358150,496145,862
Venezuela276,701223,10053,601
Ireland276,258234,15942,099
Poland246,172201,38544,787
DR Congo233,860228,6655,195
Georgia220,365217,5752,790
Germany220,312187,66332,649
Laos206,00871,000135,008
Sierra Leone205,015204,900115
Greece203,55859,632143,926
Portugal199,046179,53019,516
Papua New Guinea194,786188,6646,122
Belize192,226191,621605
Kiribati191,168191,1662
Panama183,774177,0696,704
Saudi Arabia181,94967,459114,490
Malawi180,508170,5609,948
Sweden175,222159,96915,253
Uzbekistan171,93353,000118,933
Zambia168,480105,12563,355
Micronesia166,334166,334
Kenya152,728130,90321,825
Tunisia150,321124,24326,077
Finland139,370124,97114,399
Seychelles139,174139,174
Yemen131,317131,30710
Madagascar130,333113,93716,396
Nepal121,85421,000100,854
Nauru120,410120,4091
Hong Kong119,088115,1793,909
Mali115,584107,1008,484
Ivory Coast111,015105,2955,720
Chad103,110103,000110
Lithuania101,29096,1525,138
Marshall Islands95,93395,933
Croatia89,25362,42226,831
Nicaragua86,28055,27531,006
Algeria83,97979,2004,779
Honduras79,51816,25063,268
Ukraine79,38862,50616,882
Benin78,76574,6154,150
Estonia73,08572,236849
El Salvador71,75459,00512,749
Republic of the Congo70,33069,419911
Uruguay66,40366,300103
Iraq66,37443,68022,694
United Arab Emirates63,85261,1892,663
Guinea Bissau63,23163,22110
Latvia62,56061,658901
Solomon Islands62,31449,85412,461
Ethiopia61,39060,650740
Vanuatu55,93555,9323
Gambia52,68752,65235
Niger47,67247,200472
Kazakhstan46,89641,4575,438
Costa Rica46,43229,12317,309
Sudan44,45034,5509,900
Guatemala43,66611,08232,583
Rwanda42,40732,09410,313
Cuba40,71818,05322,665
Guyana34,35834,216142
Fiji33,08132,874206
Mauritius32,95530,6402,316
South Sudan32,54532,50045
Suriname32,17032,13040
Libya31,96131,95110
Paraguay31,71017,56014,150
Tuvalu31,09731,0961
Burkina Faso30,60929,731878
Gabon29,92529,86065
Central African Republic28,21528,000215
Zimbabwe27,79222,7345,058
Liberia25,44425,169275
Curacao25,02725,027
Czech Republic24,3053,31420,991
Bulgaria24,1839,00915,174
Hungary22,4474,60117,847
Burundi21,04019,5501,490
Dominican Republic20,39717,6672,730
Brunei20,06315,2954,768
Armenia19,70077018,930
Malta18,9362,50316,433
Togo18,86617,984882
Albania18,2839,6428,641
Belgium18,16017,937223
Romania18,0656,35111,714
Haiti17,83016,2201,610
Israel16,9102,03514,875
Qatar16,66816,555114
Bahrain15,73615,72016
Turkmenistan15,20215,042160
French Polynesia14,80213,2431,559
Trinidad and Tobago13,10213,08418
Moldova12,90512,905
Afghanistan12,6071,50011,107
Jamaica11,84010,956884
Cape Verde11,65211,62428
Bolivia11,4537,6003,853
Kyrgyzstan10,3202010,300
Serbia9,6622,3547,308
Cyprus9,2641,4017,862
Samoa9,1869,17610
Belarus9,1156118,504
Bahamas8,7058,705
Syria6,6604,3102,350
Equatorial Guinea6,3226,30715
Singapore5,5503065,244
Palestine5,3484,661687
Austria5,2703504,920
New Caledonia4,7153,3051,411
Eritrea4,5784,5744
Tajikistan4,3892,3502,039
Bosnia and Herzegovina4,1243053,819
Slovakia4,1191,8152,304
Kuwait3,9753,525450
Switzerland3,8501,4862,364
North Macedonia3,6835143,169
Lebanon3,3582,580778
Antigua and Barbuda3,2253,20520
Jordan2,8106652,145
Turks and Caicos Islands2,2772,277
Azerbaijan1,9711,464507
Slovenia1,9552691,686
Montenegro1,666808858
Saint Lucia1,6251,414211
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1,5991,58613
Puerto Rico1,5981,58018
Lesotho1,556551,501
Tonga1,2651,165100
British Virgin Islands1,1341,1331
American Samoa1,0791,05920
Grenada1,0461,02423
Barbados87284726
Palau80478618
United States Virgin Islands4284208
Saint Kitts and Nevis3713692
Dominica2892881
Northern Mariana Islands23018941
Bhutan20815193
Botswana20138163
Aruba1671652
Eswatini16565100
Guam14126115
Cayman Islands13512510
Somalia30,000
Mauritania860,217
Djibouti3,089
Comoros19,356
Macau1,500
Maldives144,993
Sao Tome and Principe6,020
Isle of Man3,041
Bermuda419
Greenland271,027
Sint Maarten253
Monaco1
Gibraltar1
Saint Martin90
showing: 209 rows

Which country has the largest fishing industry?

China has the largest fishing industry worldwide. It harvests roughly 178.8 million tons, roughly one-third of the world's fish demand.

Frequently Asked Questions

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