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GPI 2023

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1.5

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2.5

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3.5

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Most Peaceful Countries 2024

Each year, the Institute for Economics and Peace releases the Global Peace Index. This is a study of 163 independent nations and territories around the world, comprising approximately 99.7% of the world’s total population, that analyzes which nations are the safest and most peaceful, as well as which are the most dangerous. The GPI evaluates a total of 23 indicators to compile the list, which can be sorted into three distinct categories: militarization, safety and security, and domestic and international conflict. These indicators are then combined into a single Peace Index Score.

Top 20 Most Peaceful Countries in the World

Country
GPI 2023
Iceland1.124
Denmark1.310
Ireland1.312
New Zealand1.313
Austria1.316
Singapore1.332
Portugal1.333
Slovenia1.334
Japan1.336
Switzerland1.339

As of 2023, the most peaceful country in the world is Iceland. This should come as no surprise to those familiar with the index, as Iceland has taken the top spot for 15 years in a row. Qualities that make it the most peaceful nation on Earth include low crime rates, robust education and welfare systems, fair pay for workers, and virtually non-existent tension among the economic classes.

Denmark (1.310) ranked as the second-most-peaceful country in the 2023 rankings. Denmark ranks particularly well for political stability, freedom of press, income equality, and human rights, all of which contribute to a high level of peacefulness. The third-place rank went to Ireland (1.312), marking the country's third consecutive year in the top 5 most peaceful countries. New Zealand (1.313) dropped slightly to fourth after ranking as the second-most peaceful country worldwide since 2014. As in Iceland, New Zealand's police do not carry personal firearms, as they do not see a need to do so. Violent crime is low in New Zealand. Theft is relatively common, especially (as in most every country in the world) pickpocketing and petty thefts targeting tourists. New Zealand also scores well for earnings, jobs, and education.

The United States, in the wake of a stressed economy, increasing hostile political divisions among its populace, and a still-lingering COVID-19 pandemic, placed 131st with a score of 2.448.

Top 10 Least Peaceful Countries in the World (2023 Global Peace Index Score):

Country
GPI 2023
Afghanistan3.448
Yemen3.350
Syria3.294
South Sudan3.221
DR Congo3.214
Russia3.142
Ukraine3.043
Somalia3.036
Sudan3.023
Iraq3.006
  • Lower Global Peace Index scores indicate a higher level of peace. Higher scores indicate greater turmoil.
  • Because a lower peace index is more desirable than a high one, year-on-year changes that have a negative value are improvements, whereas year-on-year changes with a positive value indicate a decrease in peacefulness and safety.

Download Table Data

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Country
GPI 2023
GPI 2022
GPI 2021
GPI Change 2021-2022
GPI Change 2022-2023
Afghanistan3.4483.5543.6310.0770.106
Yemen3.3503.3943.4070.0130.044
Syria3.2943.3563.3710.0150.062
South Sudan3.2213.1843.3630.179-0.037
DR Congo3.2143.1663.1960.030-0.048
Russia3.1423.2752.993-0.2820.133
Ukraine3.0432.9712.660-0.311-0.072
Somalia3.0363.1253.2110.0860.089
Sudan3.0233.0072.936-0.071-0.016
Iraq3.0063.1573.2570.1000.151
Mali2.9632.9112.813-0.098-0.052
Central African Republic2.9343.0213.1310.1100.087
Ethiopia2.8722.8062.613-0.193-0.066
Burkina Faso2.8682.7862.527-0.259-0.082
North Korea2.8482.9422.923-0.0190.094
Iran2.8002.6872.637-0.050-0.113
Turkey2.8002.7852.8430.058-0.015
Pakistan2.7452.7892.8680.0790.044
Myanmar2.7412.6312.457-0.174-0.110
Nigeria2.7132.7252.712-0.0130.012
Israel2.7062.5762.6690.093-0.130
Chad2.6992.5912.489-0.102-0.108
Colombia2.6932.7292.694-0.0350.036
Venezuela2.6932.7982.9340.1360.105
Cameroon2.6602.7092.700-0.0090.049
Niger2.6252.6552.589-0.0660.030
Libya2.6052.9303.1660.2360.325
Mexico2.5992.6122.6200.0080.013
Lebanon2.5812.6152.7970.1820.034
Palestine2.5382.5522.6100.0580.014
Eritrea2.5052.4942.5550.061-0.011
Brazil2.4622.4652.430-0.0350.003
United States2.4482.4402.337-0.103-0.008
South Africa2.4052.2832.3440.061-0.122
Haiti2.3952.2542.151-0.103-0.141
Burundi2.3932.4702.434-0.0360.077
Guinea2.3592.3322.069-0.263-0.027
India2.3142.5782.553-0.0250.264
Uganda2.3002.3092.219-0.0900.009
Zimbabwe2.3002.3502.4900.1400.050
Nicaragua2.2942.3342.4450.1110.040
El Salvador2.2792.2312.184-0.047-0.048
Egypt2.2672.3422.3970.0550.075
Honduras2.2652.2692.3710.1020.004
Saudi Arabia2.2602.2882.3760.0880.028
Mozambique2.2592.3162.123-0.1930.057
Kenya2.2542.3032.254-0.0490.049
Belarus2.2482.2592.2850.0260.011
Philippines2.2292.3392.4170.0780.110
Mauritania2.2282.1932.2900.097-0.035
Republic of the Congo2.2102.1842.2910.107-0.026
Djibouti2.1962.2132.146-0.0670.017
Lesotho2.1912.0892.2020.113-0.102
Benin2.1772.1252.093-0.032-0.052
Eswatini2.1682.0331.955-0.078-0.135
Bahrain2.1452.0852.1210.036-0.060
Sri Lanka2.1362.0202.0830.063-0.116
Guyana2.1342.1402.114-0.0260.006
Peru2.1302.0912.034-0.057-0.039
Guatemala2.1302.1392.1950.0560.009
Togo2.1302.0942.2390.145-0.036
Tajikistan2.1142.0312.0950.064-0.083
Kyrgyzstan2.1102.0281.998-0.030-0.082
Turkmenistan2.1072.1162.1540.0380.009
Cuba2.1032.0832.042-0.041-0.020
Ecuador2.0951.9882.0440.056-0.107
Papua New Guinea2.0952.0462.1490.103-0.049
Algeria2.0942.1462.3100.1640.052
Azerbaijan2.0902.4372.334-0.1030.347
Georgia2.0712.0652.054-0.011-0.006
Gabon2.0681.9732.0740.101-0.095
Thailand2.0612.0982.2050.1070.037
Tanzania2.0582.0011.892-0.109-0.057
Ivory Coast2.0532.1442.123-0.0210.091
Bangladesh2.0512.0672.0680.0010.016
Rwanda2.0511.9452.0280.083-0.106
Guinea Bissau2.0452.1562.113-0.0430.111
Uzbekistan2.0332.0012.0620.061-0.032
Morocco2.0201.9692.0150.046-0.051
Angola2.0201.9822.0170.035-0.038
Dominican Republic2.0191.9902.0240.034-0.029
Equatorial Guinea2.0131.8631.9150.052-0.150
Tunisia2.0101.9962.1080.112-0.014
China2.0092.0102.1140.1040.001
Nepal2.0061.9472.0330.086-0.059
Bolivia2.0011.9892.1400.151-0.012
Jamaica1.9861.9901.9920.0020.004
Kazakhstan1.9802.0711.936-0.1350.091
United Arab Emirates1.9791.8651.848-0.017-0.114
Malawi1.9701.8951.9090.014-0.075
Cambodia1.9471.8822.0080.126-0.065
Liberia1.9461.9731.9980.0250.027
Trinidad and Tobago1.9462.0052.0290.0240.059
Paraguay1.9421.9761.9970.0210.034
Panama1.9421.8761.9190.043-0.066
France1.9391.8951.868-0.027-0.044
Armenia1.9291.9922.0750.0830.063
Serbia1.9211.8321.797-0.035-0.089
Cyprus1.9041.9031.9120.009-0.001
Zambia1.8981.8411.9640.123-0.057
Jordan1.8951.8491.9160.067-0.046
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.8921.8501.9700.120-0.042
Greece1.8901.8381.9320.094-0.052
Gambia1.8881.7921.8530.061-0.096
Chile1.8741.8401.831-0.009-0.034
Moldova1.8731.8821.9090.0270.009
Namibia1.8591.9081.9270.0190.049
Madagascar1.8461.9951.963-0.0320.149
Argentina1.8371.9111.9450.0340.074
Indonesia1.8291.8001.783-0.017-0.029
Senegal1.8271.9161.864-0.0520.089
Ghana1.7991.7591.715-0.044-0.040
Uruguay1.7981.7951.8170.022-0.003
Timor Leste1.7961.8391.8730.0340.043
Oman1.7941.8891.9820.0930.095
Sierra Leone1.7921.8031.8130.0100.011
Laos1.7791.8091.8090.030
Montenegro1.7721.8011.8470.0460.029
Mongolia1.7651.7751.7830.0080.010
South Korea1.7631.7791.8770.0980.016
Botswana1.7621.8011.753-0.0480.039
Vietnam1.7451.7861.8350.0490.041
Albania1.7451.7611.8240.0630.016
Costa Rica1.7311.7321.7350.0030.001
North Macedonia1.7131.7041.7440.040-0.009
United Kingdom1.6931.6671.658-0.009-0.026
Lithuania1.6711.7241.689-0.0350.053
Kuwait1.6691.7391.688-0.0510.070
Italy1.6621.6431.6520.009-0.019
Spain1.6491.6031.6210.018-0.046
Taiwan1.6491.6181.6620.044-0.031
Romania1.6491.6401.530-0.110-0.009
Bulgaria1.6431.5411.5770.036-0.102
Poland1.6341.5521.524-0.028-0.082
Sweden1.6251.5641.460-0.104-0.061
Latvia1.5821.6731.6860.0130.091
Slovakia1.5781.4991.5570.058-0.079
Estonia1.5631.6621.612-0.0500.099
Norway1.5501.4651.438-0.027-0.085
Mauritius1.5461.5701.5920.0220.024
Australia1.5251.5651.470-0.0950.040
Qatar1.5241.5331.6050.0720.009
Belgium1.5231.5261.496-0.0300.003
Malaysia1.5131.4711.5150.044-0.042
Hungary1.5081.4111.4940.083-0.097
Bhutan1.4961.4811.5100.029-0.015
Netherlands1.4901.5221.506-0.0160.032
Germany1.4561.4621.4800.0180.006
Croatia1.4501.4401.4800.040-0.010
Finland1.3991.4391.402-0.0370.040
Czech Republic1.3791.3181.3290.011-0.061
Canada1.3501.3891.330-0.0590.039
Switzerland1.3391.3571.323-0.0340.018
Japan1.3361.3361.3730.037
Slovenia1.3341.3161.315-0.001-0.018
Portugal1.3331.3011.267-0.034-0.032
Singapore1.3321.3261.3470.021-0.006
Austria1.3161.3001.3170.017-0.016
New Zealand1.3131.2691.253-0.016-0.044
Ireland1.3121.2881.3260.038-0.024
Denmark1.3101.2961.256-0.040-0.014
Iceland1.1241.1071.100-0.007-0.017
Total2.0722.0702.081
showing: 162 rows

Who is the most peaceful country in the world?

The Global Peace Index measures a variety of factors to determine the most peaceful country in the world. In 2022, the most peaceful nation was Iceland.

Frequently Asked Questions

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