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Population by Country in 1000

Movies and television are often set in the past, giving us a potential new way to interact with information about a period of time we weren't alive for. However, modern interpretations of the past skew a realistic understanding of what the past was actually like, making it sometimes hard for modern students to gain a realistic picture of the past.

In 1500, there was a population of 461 million people, and the world was much different than it is now. Many modern countries, such as the United States, didn't exist yet, although other societies lived and thrived on those lands. Limited forms of mass communication meant that cities remained the center of information and development. On the other hand, the world had spent years dealing the Bubonic plague, which had decimated populations and completely changed the way of life in many places. Some of the societal shifts, especially among workers, from the end of the historic plague are repeating today as we work through emerging from our own pandemic.

China had a population somewhere between 60 and 103 million and made up 25% of the world's total population. Outside of China, empires ruled the world. We still feel the impact of the Holy Roman Empire, but in 1500, it had a population of 23 million and made up 5.3% of the world's population. This is slightly smaller than the 25 million people in the Vijayanagara Empire, which accounted for 5.7% of the world's population.

Even the population of the Catholic Church was booming. While today, we associate the Pope with the smallest country in the world, Vatican City, in 1500, the Papal States had a population of 2 million. The Incan and Aztec Empires were both going strong with populations of 12 million and 6 million, respectively. In Western Europe, Paris was the largest city with 225 thousand people. This was 100 thousand people more than the next largest city, Naples, and more than double the populations of Venice and Milan.

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Country
Population 1000
India112.5M
China36.6M
Mexico15M
Brazil11.3M
Bangladesh7.4M
Turkey7.3M
Nigeria7M
Pakistan6.5M
France6.4M
Japan6M
Italy5.2M
Egypt5M
Iran4.5M
Spain4M
Indonesia3.8M
Germany3.5M
Sudan3M
Peru3M
DR Congo2.9M
Russia2.5M
Colombia2.4M
Ethiopia2.4M
Yemen2.3M
Afghanistan2.3M
Morocco2M
Myanmar2M
Iraq2M
Saudi Arabia2M
Algeria2M
United Kingdom1.7M
Benin1.6M
South Korea1.6M
Nepal1.5M
Poland1.3M
United States1.2M
Syria1.1M
Thailand1M
Angola1M
Cambodia1M
Tunisia1M
Greece1M
Papua New Guinea956.1K
Kazakhstan920K
Ukraine916K
Uzbekistan900K
North Korea900K
Ghana879.7K
Tanzania800K
Uganda800K
Sri Lanka800K
Bulgaria800K
Vietnam800K
Romania800K
Kenya800K
Serbia770K
Mali722K
Cameroon706.7K
Burkina Faso706.2K
Austria700K
Guatemala600K
Bolivia600K
Chad556K
Portugal550.6K
Niger548K
Ivory Coast503.3K
Mongolia500K
Hungary500K
Libya500K
Guinea462.6K
Lebanon435K
Croatia420K
Chile400K
Ecuador400K
Sweden400K
Belgium400K
Denmark400K
Somalia389.2K
Netherlands369K
Honduras357.7K
Slovakia350K
Israel334.9K
Burundi312K
Mozambique300K
Switzerland300K
Ireland300K
Venezuela300K
Costa Rica291.3K
Rwanda288K
Bosnia and Herzegovina280K
South Africa258K
Australia250.4K
Kyrgyzstan250K
Laos242.9K
Liberia232.8K
Georgia227K
Tajikistan220K
Central African Republic218.2K
Nicaragua210.4K
Togo210.3K
Argentina200K
Malaysia200K
Norway200K
Albania200K
Madagascar200K
Oman200K
Slovenia192.3K
Belarus192K
Azerbaijan186K
Hong Kong180K
Malawi178.5K
Mauritania172K
Turkmenistan170K
Zimbabwe170K
Zambia151.5K
Cyprus150K
North Macedonia140K
Republic of the Congo131.6K
Senegal118.1K
Panama116.2K
Moldova104K
Canada100K
Paraguay100K
Philippines100K
Taiwan99.1K
Namibia91.5K
Jordan87K
Armenia87K
Lithuania77.6K
Gabon75.3K
Finland74K
Kuwait69K
Latvia66.5K
Dominican Republic65.5K
Botswana60.6K
El Salvador59.4K
Eritrea58K
Luxembourg55.9K
Equatorial Guinea55.4K
Guyana50K
Iceland50K
Estonia48.4K
Guinea Bissau41.2K
Timor Leste33.6K
Lesotho32K
Guadeloupe31.1K
United Arab Emirates31K
Fiji30.1K
Haiti26.3K
Cuba20.9K
Uruguay14.1K
Bahrain12.8K
Grenada11.7K
Djibouti10.8K
New Caledonia10.3K
Comoros10K
Bhutan10K
Malta10K
Suriname9.4K
Jamaica9K
Liechtenstein6.3K
Qatar6.3K
Eswatini6.3K
Antigua and Barbuda4.5K
Belize4.5K
Sierra Leone3.7K
Martinique2.8K
Bahamas2.7K
Brunei2K
Gambia1.7K
Tonga1.6K
Andorra1.5K
Sao Tome and Principe1.3K
Greenland1.1K
French Guiana994
Vanuatu924
Saint Lucia832
Puerto Rico605
Anguilla557
Samoa492
Dominica446
Solomon Islands190
Faroe Islands147
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines144
American Samoa105
Singapore78
Saint Kitts and Nevis67
United States Virgin Islands43
Western Sahara42
Montserrat31
Barbados17
Saint Pierre and Miquelon12
Aruba7
Trinidad and Tobago3
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Which country had the highest population in the year 1000?

In the year 1000 CE, the area of modern India had the world's highest population, 62 million people.

Frequently Asked Questions

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