World Trade Organization (WTO) Countries 2022

map placeholder

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization made up of 164 member countries that deals with the global rules of trade between nations. The WTO’s main function is to ensure that global trade flows freely and smoothly between nations. The WTO is also essentially an alternative dispute or mediation entity providing a platform for member governments to resolve and negotiate trade disputes when they arise.

The World Trade Organization was born out of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1947. The GATT was a legal agreement signed by 23 countries that eliminate or reduced quotas, tariffs, and subsidies to minimize barriers to international trade. The agreement was intended to boost economic recovery after World War II. The GATT would lead to the creation of the World Trade Organization on January 1, 1995.

The WTO has its pros and cons. Many believe that the WTO is beneficial to business and the global economy by lowering barriers to trade and mediating trade disputes easily between member countries. Skeptics, however, believe that WTO widens the global wealth gap and undermines the principals of organic democracy. They believe that the WTO harms domestic communities and human rights.

If a country is a member of a WTO, its local laws cannot contradict the rules and regulations of the WTO. The WTO rules and regulations currently govern about 96.4% of all world trade.

U.S. President Donald Trump has a clear disdain for the World Trade Organization and has threatened to withdraw the United States from the World Trade Organization. He believes that the organization too often rules against the United States unfairly. Those who agree with Trump cite that the U.S. has been the subject of more negative trade agreement decisions than any other WTO member, suffering losses in about 90% of WTO claims filed against the U.S. However, the U.S. has also won 91% of issues when it has been a complainant. Trump pulling the United States out of the WTO would disrupt trillions of dollars in global trade.

At its creation, the World Trade Organization has 125 member countries. Today, there are 164 member countries. All of the World Trade Organization member countries are listed below.

World Trade Organization (WTO) Countries 2022

Country Member Type 2022 Population
Chinamember1,425,887,337
Indiamember1,417,173,173
United Statesmember338,289,857
Indonesiamember275,501,339
Pakistanmember235,824,862
Nigeriamember218,541,212
Brazilmember215,313,498
Bangladeshmember171,186,372
Russiamember144,713,314
Mexicomember127,504,125
Japanmember123,951,692
Ethiopiaobserver123,379,924
Philippinesmember115,559,009
Egyptmember110,990,103
DR Congomember99,010,212
Vietnammember98,186,856
Iranobserver88,550,570
Turkeymember85,341,241
Germanymember83,369,843
Thailandmember71,697,030
United Kingdommember67,508,936
Tanzaniamember65,497,748
Francemember64,626,628
South Africamember59,893,885
Italymember59,037,474
Myanmarmember54,179,306
Kenyamember54,027,487
Colombiamember51,874,024
South Koreamember51,815,810
Spainmember47,558,630
Ugandamember47,249,585
Sudanobserver46,874,204
Argentinamember45,510,318
Algeriaobserver44,903,225
Iraqobserver44,496,122
Afghanistanmember41,128,771
Polandmember39,857,145
Ukrainemember39,701,739
Canadamember38,454,327
Moroccomember37,457,971
Saudi Arabiamember36,408,820
Angolamember35,588,987
Uzbekistanobserver34,627,652
Perumember34,049,588
Malaysiamember33,938,221
Yemenmember33,696,614
Ghanamember33,475,870
Mozambiquemember32,969,518
Nepalmember30,547,580
Madagascarmember29,611,714
Venezuelamember28,301,696
Ivory Coastmember28,160,542
Cameroonmember27,914,536
Nigermember26,207,977
Australiamember26,177,413
Taiwanmember23,893,394
Burkina Fasomember22,673,762
Malimember22,593,590
Syriaobserver22,125,249
Sri Lankamember21,832,143
Malawimember20,405,317
Zambiamember20,017,675
Romaniamember19,659,267
Chilemember19,603,733
Kazakhstanmember19,397,998
Ecuadormember18,001,000
Guatemalamember17,843,908
Chadmember17,723,315
Somaliaobserver17,597,511
Netherlandsmember17,564,014
Senegalmember17,316,449
Cambodiamember16,767,842
Zimbabwemember16,320,537
Guineamember13,859,341
Rwandamember13,776,698
Beninmember13,352,864
Burundimember12,889,576
Tunisiamember12,356,117
Boliviamember12,224,110
Belgiummember11,655,930
Haitimember11,584,996
Jordanmember11,285,869
Dominican Republicmember11,228,821
Cubamember11,212,191
South Sudanobserver10,913,164
Swedenmember10,549,347
Czech Republicmember10,493,986
Hondurasmember10,432,860
Greecemember10,384,971
Azerbaijanobserver10,358,074
Portugalmember10,270,865
Papua New Guineamember10,142,619
Hungarymember9,967,308
Tajikistanmember9,952,787
Belarusobserver9,534,954
United Arab Emiratesmember9,441,129
Israelmember9,038,309
Austriamember8,939,617
Togomember8,848,699
Switzerlandmember8,740,472
Sierra Leonemember8,605,718
Laosmember7,529,475
Hong Kongmember7,488,865
Serbiaobserver7,221,365
Nicaraguamember6,948,392
Libyaobserver6,812,341
Bulgariamember6,781,953
Paraguaymember6,780,744
Kyrgyzstanmember6,630,623
El Salvadormember6,336,392
Singaporemember5,975,689
Republic of the Congomember5,970,424
Denmarkmember5,882,261
Slovakiamember5,643,453
Central African Republicmember5,579,144
Finlandmember5,540,745
Lebanonobserver5,489,739
Norwaymember5,434,319
Liberiamember5,302,681
New Zealandmember5,185,288
Costa Ricamember5,180,829
Irelandmember5,023,109
Mauritaniamember4,736,139
Omanmember4,576,298
Panamamember4,408,581
Kuwaitmember4,268,873
Croatiamember4,030,358
Georgiamember3,744,385
Uruguaymember3,422,794
Mongoliamember3,398,366
Moldovamember3,272,996
Bosnia And Herzegovinaobserver3,233,526
Albaniamember2,842,321
Jamaicamember2,827,377
Armeniamember2,780,469
Lithuaniamember2,750,055
Gambiamember2,705,992
Qatarmember2,695,122
Botswanamember2,630,296
Namibiamember2,567,012
Gabonmember2,388,992
Lesothomember2,305,825
Sloveniamember2,119,844
Guinea Bissaumember2,105,566
Latviamember1,850,651
Equatorial Guineaobserver1,674,908
Trinidad And Tobagomember1,531,044
Bahrainmember1,472,233
Timor Lesteobserver1,341,296
Estoniamember1,326,062
Mauritiusmember1,299,469
Cyprusmember1,251,488
Eswatinimember1,201,670
Djiboutimember1,120,849
Fijimember929,766
Comorosobserver836,774
Guyanamember808,726
Bhutanobserver782,455
Solomon Islandsmember724,273
Macaumember695,168
Luxembourgmember647,599
Montenegromember627,082
Surinamemember618,040
Cape Verdemember593,149
Maltamember533,286
Maldivesmember523,787
Bruneimember449,002
Bahamasobserver409,984
Belizemember405,272
Icelandmember372,899
Vanuatumember326,740
Barbadosmember281,635
Sao Tome And Principeobserver227,380
Samoamember222,382
Curacaoobserver191,163
Saint Luciamember179,857
Grenadamember125,438
Seychellesmember107,118
Tongamember106,858
Saint Vincent And the Grenadinesmember103,948
Antigua And Barbudamember93,763
Andorraobserver79,824
Dominicamember72,737
Saint Kitts And Nevismember47,657
Liechtensteinmember39,327

World Trade Organization (WTO) Countries 2022

Sources