World Trade Organization (WTO) Countries

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization made up of 164 member countries that deals with the global rules of trade between nations. The WTO’s main function is to ensure that global trade flows freely and smoothly between nations. The WTO is also essentially an alternative dispute or mediation entity providing a platform for member governments to resolve and negotiate trade disputes when they arise.

The World Trade Organization was born out of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1947. The GATT was a legal agreement signed by 23 countries that eliminate or reduced quotas, tariffs, and subsidies to minimize barriers to international trade. The agreement was intended to boost economic recovery after World War II. The GATT would lead to the creation of the World Trade Organization on January 1, 1995.

The WTO has its pros and cons. Many believe that the WTO is beneficial to business and the global economy by lowering barriers to trade and mediating trade disputes easily between member countries. Skeptics, however, believe that WTO widens the global wealth gap and undermines the principals of organic democracy. They believe that the WTO harms domestic communities and human rights.

If a country is a member of a WTO, its local laws cannot contradict the rules and regulations of the WTO. The WTO rules and regulations currently govern about 96.4% of all world trade.

U.S. President Donald Trump has a clear disdain for the World Trade Organization and has threatened to withdraw the United States from the World Trade Organization. He believes that the organization too often rules against the United States unfairly. Those who agree with Trump cite that the U.S. has been the subject of more negative trade agreement decisions than any other WTO member, suffering losses in about 90% of WTO claims filed against the U.S. However, the U.S. has also won 91% of issues when it has been a complainant. Trump pulling the United States out of the WTO would disrupt trillions of dollars in global trade.

At its creation, the World Trade Organization has 125 member countries. Today, there are 164 member countries. All of the World Trade Organization member countries are listed below.

World Trade Organization (WTO) Countries

Country Member Type 2021 Population
Afghanistanmember39,835,428
Albaniamember2,872,933
Algeriaobserver44,616,624
Andorraobserver77,355
Angolamember33,933,610
Antigua And Barbudamember98,731
Argentinamember45,605,826
Armeniamember2,968,127
Australiamember25,788,215
Austriamember9,043,070
Azerbaijanobserver10,223,342
Bahamasobserver396,913
Bahrainmember1,748,296
Bangladeshmember166,303,498
Barbadosmember287,711
Belarusobserver9,442,862
Belgiummember11,632,326
Belizemember404,914
Beninmember12,451,040
Bhutanobserver779,898
Boliviamember11,832,940
Bosnia And Herzegovinaobserver3,263,466
Botswanamember2,397,241
Brazilmember213,993,437
Bruneimember441,532
Bulgariamember6,896,663
Burkina Fasomember21,497,096
Burundimember12,255,433
Cambodiamember16,946,438
Cameroonmember27,224,265
Canadamember38,067,903
Cape Verdemember561,898
Central African Republicmember4,919,981
Chadmember16,914,985
Chilemember19,212,361
Chinamember1,444,216,107
Colombiamember51,265,844
Comorosobserver888,451
Costa Ricamember5,139,052
Croatiamember4,081,651
Cubamember11,317,505
Curacaoobserver164,798
Cyprusmember1,215,584
Czech Republicmember10,724,555
Denmarkmember5,813,298
Djiboutimember1,002,187
Dominicamember72,167
Dominican Republicmember10,953,703
Dr Congomember92,377,993
Ecuadormember17,888,475
Egyptmember104,258,327
El Salvadormember6,518,499
Equatorial Guineaobserver1,449,896
Estoniamember1,325,185
Eswatinimember1,172,362
Ethiopiaobserver117,876,227
Fijimember902,906
Finlandmember5,548,360
Francemember65,426,179
Gabonmember2,278,825
Gambiamember2,486,945
Georgiamember3,979,765
Germanymember83,900,473
Ghanamember31,732,129
Greecemember10,370,744
Grenadamember113,021
Guatemalamember18,249,860
Guineamember13,497,244
Guinea Bissaumember2,015,494
Guyanamember790,326
Haitimember11,541,685
Hondurasmember10,062,991
Hong Kongmember7,552,810
Hungarymember9,634,164
Icelandmember343,353
Indiamember1,393,409,038
Indonesiamember276,361,783
Iranobserver85,028,759
Iraqobserver41,179,350
Irelandmember4,982,907
Israelmember8,789,774
Italymember60,367,477
Ivory Coastmember27,053,629
Jamaicamember2,973,463
Japanmember126,050,804
Jordanmember10,269,021
Kazakhstanmember18,994,962
Kenyamember54,985,698
Kuwaitmember4,328,550
Kyrgyzstanmember6,628,356
Laosmember7,379,358
Latviamember1,866,942
Lebanonobserver6,769,146
Lesothomember2,159,079
Liberiamember5,180,203
Libyaobserver6,958,532
Liechtensteinmember38,250
Lithuaniamember2,689,862
Luxembourgmember634,814
Macaumember658,394
Madagascarmember28,427,328
Malawimember19,647,684
Malaysiamember32,776,194
Maldivesmember543,617
Malimember20,855,735
Maltamember442,784
Mauritaniamember4,775,119
Mauritiusmember1,273,433
Mexicomember130,262,216
Moldovamember4,024,019
Mongoliamember3,329,289
Montenegromember628,053
Moroccomember37,344,795
Mozambiquemember32,163,047
Myanmarmember54,806,012
Namibiamember2,587,344
Nepalmember29,674,920
Netherlandsmember17,173,099
New Zealandmember4,860,643
Nicaraguamember6,702,385
Nigermember25,130,817
Nigeriamember211,400,708
Norwaymember5,465,630
Omanmember5,223,375
Pakistanmember225,199,937
Panamamember4,381,579
Papua New Guineamember9,119,010
Paraguaymember7,219,638
Perumember33,359,418
Philippinesmember111,046,913
Polandmember37,797,005
Portugalmember10,167,925
Qatarmember2,930,528
Republic Of The Congomember5,657,013
Romaniamember19,127,774
Russiamember145,912,025
Rwandamember13,276,513
Saint Kitts And Nevismember53,544
Saint Luciamember184,400
Saint Vincent And The Grenadinesmember111,263
Samoamember200,149
Sao Tome And Principeobserver223,368
Saudi Arabiamember35,340,683
Senegalmember17,196,301
Serbiaobserver8,697,550
Seychellesmember98,908
Sierra Leonemember8,141,343
Singaporemember5,896,686
Slovakiamember5,460,721
Sloveniamember2,078,724
Solomon Islandsmember703,996
Somaliaobserver16,359,504
South Africamember60,041,994
South Koreamember51,305,186
South Sudanobserver11,381,378
Spainmember46,745,216
Sri Lankamember21,497,310
Sudanobserver44,909,353
Surinamemember591,800
Swedenmember10,160,169
Switzerlandmember8,715,494
Syriaobserver18,275,702
Taiwanmember23,855,010
Tajikistanmember9,749,627
Tanzaniamember61,498,437
Thailandmember69,950,850
Timor Lesteobserver1,343,873
Togomember8,478,250
Tongamember106,760
Trinidad And Tobagomember1,403,375
Tunisiamember11,935,766
Turkeymember85,042,738
Ugandamember47,123,531
Ukrainemember43,466,819
United Arab Emiratesmember9,991,089
United Kingdommember68,207,116
United Statesmember332,915,073
Uruguaymember3,485,151
Uzbekistanobserver33,935,763
Vanuatumember314,464
Venezuelamember28,704,954
Vietnammember98,168,833
Yemenmember30,490,640
Zambiamember18,920,651
Zimbabwemember15,092,171

World Trade Organization (WTO) Countries