Poland Population 2020 (Live)

37,846,477

Since about 1999, Poland’s population has slowly been declining. Poland’s population peaked at 38.57 million people and has since then decreased to about 37.85 million people. Poland’s population is expected to decline at a much faster rate in the coming decades, shrinking to 23.17 million people at the end of the century. This means that Poland will lose almost 40% of its population by the end of the century.

Poland’s population is shrinking at a rate of 0.11%. The fertility rate in Poland is 1.439 births per woman, too low to replace the population. Additionally, Poland has negative net migration, especially as some of the country’s best and brightest have left to other countries for better job opportunities (known as “brain drain”).

The current population of Poland is 37,846,477, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 37,846,611.

Poland Growth Rate

Poland Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Warsaw1,702,139
Lodz768,755
Krakow755,050
Wroclaw634,893
Poznan570,352
Gdansk461,865
Szczecin407,811
Bydgoszcz366,452
Lublin360,044
Katowice317,316

Poland Area and Population Density

According to figures calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, Poland had a population of 37,115,000 people by the end of 2007. This made the average population density equal to 122 people / km2. Of this number, 61.5% of the people belonged to urban areas. The male population of the country is about 48.2%, and the remaining 51.8% belongs to the female population.

Largest Cities in Poland

The capital of Poland is Warsaw, and its official language is Polish. Another language that exists on a more regional basis is Kashubian. The population of Warsaw, which is the only city with over a million residents, currently has a population of 1,708,139.

Other cities with notable populations between 500,000 and 1,000,000 are Krakow, Lodz, Wroclaw, and Poznan.

Poland Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202037,846,611-0.11%123.593893
201937,887,768-0.09%123.723893
201837,921,592-0.08%123.833792
201737,953,180-0.10%123.943692
201637,989,220-0.12%124.053692
201538,034,079-0.15%124.203691
201038,329,781-0.02%125.173387
200538,368,949-0.10%125.293284
200038,556,6930.05%125.913079
199538,458,6380.26%125.592977
199037,960,1930.44%123.962774
198537,133,8700.88%121.262769
198035,539,7200.91%116.062571
197533,970,7240.80%110.932470
197032,639,2580.80%106.582369
196531,360,9071.15%102.412065
196029,614,2011.66%96.711959
195527,269,7491.90%89.051961
195024,824,0180.00%81.061862

Poland Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202037,846,611-0.11%123.593893
202537,514,692-0.18%122.504198
203036,944,563-0.31%120.6445101
203536,177,728-0.42%118.1452107
204035,282,532-0.50%115.2253112
204534,309,974-0.56%112.0458115
205033,294,567-0.60%108.7260117
205532,253,782-0.63%105.3363120
206031,167,965-0.68%101.7863127
206530,016,636-0.75%98.0266131
207028,798,472-0.83%94.0468132
207527,571,602-0.87%90.0469135
208026,416,856-0.85%86.2671140
208525,391,585-0.79%82.9271142
209024,509,752-0.70%80.0473143
209523,736,567-0.64%77.5174146

Poland Population by Year (Projections)

Poland Population Pyramid 2020

Poland Population by Age

There are 31,108,665 adults in Poland.

Poland Population Pyramid

Since about 1999, Poland’s population has slowly been declining. Poland’s population peaked at 38.57 million people and has since then decreased to about 37.85 million people. Poland’s population is expected to decline at a much faster rate in the coming decades, shrinking to 23.17 million people at the end of the century. This means that Poland will lose almost 40% of its population by the end of the century.

Poland’s population is shrinking at a rate of 0.11%. The fertility rate in Poland is 1.439 births per woman, too low to replace the population. Additionally, Poland has negative net migration, especially as some of the country’s best and brightest have left to other countries for better job opportunities (known as “brain drain”).

About Poland

  1. Polish Official Statistics
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2002 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer