Tanzania is growing at a very fast rate. At the end of 2020, the country’s population is estimated to be at 59.73 million and by the end of the century, the population will reach 282.67 million. Tanzania’s population is currently growing at a rate of 2.98%.
Tanzania has a high fertility rate of 4.8 births per woman and a high birth rate of 36.2 births per 1,000 people.
Unfortunately, a rapidly growing population in Tanzania means increased levels of poverty and income inequality. The country also faces a harsh HIV/AIDS epidemic affecting over 1.6 million Tanzanians (about 5.1% of the population). This epidemic may result in a lower life expectancy, a higher infant mortality rate, higher death rate, changes in age and sex distribution in the population as well as lower population growth.
Tanzania Population Projections
The substantial growth that Tanzania has seen over the past couple of centuries is expected to continue into the foreseeable future with annual growth rates around 3%, which is only predicted to decrease slightly. By 2020, it is forecasted that the population will be 62,774,619, which should grow to exceed 100,000,000 by 2038.