Tanzania Population 2020 (Live)

59,738,945

Tanzania is growing at a very fast rate. At the end of 2020, the country’s population is estimated to be at 59.73 million and by the end of the century, the population will reach 282.67 million. Tanzania’s population is currently growing at a rate of 2.98%.

Tanzania has a high fertility rate of 4.8 births per woman and a high birth rate of 36.2 births per 1,000 people.

Unfortunately, a rapidly growing population in Tanzania means increased levels of poverty and income inequality. The country also faces a harsh HIV/AIDS epidemic affecting over 1.6 million Tanzanians (about 5.1% of the population). This epidemic may result in a lower life expectancy, a higher infant mortality rate, higher death rate, changes in age and sex distribution in the population as well as lower population growth.

Tanzania Population Projections

The substantial growth that Tanzania has seen over the past couple of centuries is expected to continue into the foreseeable future with annual growth rates around 3%, which is only predicted to decrease slightly. By 2020, it is forecasted that the population will be 62,774,619, which should grow to exceed 100,000,000 by 2038.

The current population of Tanzania is 59,738,945, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 59,734,218.

Tanzania Growth Rate

Tanzania Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Dar es Salaam2,698,652
Mwanza436,801
Zanzibar403,658
Arusha341,136
Mbeya291,649
Morogoro250,902
Tanga224,876
Dodoma180,541
Kigoma164,268
Moshi156,959

Tanzania Area and Population Density

With 947,300 square kilometers of land, Tanzania is the 23rd largest country in the world and the 13th largest in Africa. This, in combination with the total population, equates to a population density of approximately 62 people per square kilometer. The population is now estimated at over {pop}, as Tanzania has one of the highest birth rates in the world and more than 44% of the population is under the age of 15. The total fertility rate is 5.01 children born per woman, which is the 17th highest of any country.

Tanzania has a very uneven population distribution. In the arid regions, population density is as low as 1 person per square kilometer, about 53 people per square kilometer in the water-rich mainland highlands and up to 134 people per square kilometer in the capital city of Zanzibar. About 80% of the population lives in rural areas.

The largest city in Tanzania is Dar es Salaam with 2,698,652 in its population.

Largest Cities in Tanzania

Tanzania is a country made up more of a large number of decently sized towns than a few large cities, with over 200 cities that have populations between 10,000 and 100,000. That said, the nation does have one densely populated city- Dar es Salaam - which has a population of 4.365 million. The capitol of the country, Dodoma has a population of 180,541.

Tanzania Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202059,734,2182.98%67.4424146
201958,005,4633.00%65.4825147
201856,313,4383.02%63.5725149
201754,660,3393.04%61.7125149
201653,049,2303.04%59.8925149
201551,482,6333.03%58.1226149
201044,346,5252.89%50.0630150
200538,450,3202.79%43.4131157
200033,499,1802.47%37.8232159
199529,649,1353.30%33.4732161
199025,203,8453.10%28.4534163
198521,633,7963.14%24.4236165
198018,538,2593.14%20.9336165
197515,885,2293.25%17.9338168
197013,535,4813.07%15.2838171
196511,634,8322.97%13.1341173
196010,052,1522.86%11.3542170
19558,729,6622.68%9.8646172
19507,649,7610.00%8.6449174

Tanzania Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202059,734,2182.98%67.4424146
202568,934,1632.91%77.8222136
203079,162,7252.81%89.3720129
203590,415,5962.69%102.0719120
2040102,586,5292.56%115.8117111
2045115,596,0202.42%130.5015105
2050129,386,8392.28%146.0715100
2055143,816,5352.14%162.361494
2060158,869,1562.01%179.351291
2065174,442,4791.89%196.931285
2070190,388,6401.76%214.931179
2075206,583,0721.65%233.221072
2080222,833,3701.53%251.56967
2085239,026,7081.41%269.84962
2090254,983,3781.30%287.86956
2095270,541,5501.19%305.42955

Tanzania Population by Year (Projections)

Tanzania Population Pyramid 2020

Tanzania Population by Age

There are 28,704,923 adults in Tanzania.

Tanzania Population Pyramid

Tanzania is growing at a very fast rate. At the end of 2020, the country’s population is estimated to be at 59.73 million and by the end of the century, the population will reach 282.67 million. Tanzania’s population is currently growing at a rate of 2.98%.

Tanzania has a high fertility rate of 4.8 births per woman and a high birth rate of 36.2 births per 1,000 people.

Unfortunately, a rapidly growing population in Tanzania means increased levels of poverty and income inequality. The country also faces a harsh HIV/AIDS epidemic affecting over 1.6 million Tanzanians (about 5.1% of the population). This epidemic may result in a lower life expectancy, a higher infant mortality rate, higher death rate, changes in age and sex distribution in the population as well as lower population growth.

Tanzania Population Projections

The substantial growth that Tanzania has seen over the past couple of centuries is expected to continue into the foreseeable future with annual growth rates around 3%, which is only predicted to decrease slightly. By 2020, it is forecasted that the population will be 62,774,619, which should grow to exceed 100,000,000 by 2038.

About Tanzania

  1. National Bureau of Statistics
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1967, 1978, 1988, 2002 and 2012 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer