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Birth Defect Rate per 1k Births

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85

Click on a country for details.

Birth Defect Rates by Country 2024

  • The estimated rate of heart defects was set by the March of Dimes at 7.9/1000 for every country. This rate is expected to diversify as more data becomes available and more countries implement preventative measures.
  • Birth defects are also known in the medical field as congenital disorders, congenital abnormalities, or congenital malformations.
  • More than 7,000 possible birth defects have been identified, varying in severity from inconsequential to fatal.
  • The most common severe congenital disorders are heart/cardiovascular defects, neural tube defects, hemoglobin disorders (thalassemia and sickle-cell disease), Down syndrome, and Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency.
  • The likelihood of birth defects is influenced by multiple factors, including genetics, socioeconomics and demographics, and environmental factors such as maternal illnesses and drug use.
  • Many congenital disorders are preventable via methods such as vaccinations, proper nutrition, and adequate folic acid or iodine intake during pregnancy.
  • Congenital disorders vary in severity. The frequency of the most severe disorders is directly related to a country's overall development. According to March of Dimes, 94% of the births with serious birth defects occur in low- and middle-income countries, as do 95% of the deaths from such defects.
  • According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 240,000 newborns die worldwide within 28 days of birth every year due to congenital disorders. Congenital disorders cause a further 170,000 deaths of children between the ages of 1 month and 5 years.
  • Besides poverty, reasons for the increased rates of severe birth defects in poor countries include (1) reduced availability and quality of maternal and child health services; (2) increased frequency of consanguineous marriages; (3) higher percentage of older mothers; and (4) higher concentration of a particular gene combination that boosts the chance of surviving malaria (hence its prevalence), but also increases the likelihood of sickle cell and thalassemia disorders.

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Country
Birth Defect Rate per 1k Births
Avg Annual Births w/ Defects
Heart Defects per 1k
Neural Tube Def. per 1k
Hemoglobin Def. per 1k
Down Syndrome per 1k
G6PD Def. per 1k
Sudan8290K7.92.21.92.13
Saudi Arabia81.358.1K7.91.23.62.16.7
Benin77.921K7.92.723.12.11.3
Burkina Faso7743K7.92.722.42.11
Palestine76.610.1K7.95.50.82.11.1
United Arab Emirates75.93.1K7.91.21.22.13.4
Iraq75.261.9K7.91.81.523.4
Tajikistan75.211.2K7.921.31.3
Afghanistan74.980.7K7.920.62.13.1
Kuwait74.92.6K7.91.20.82.14.7
Syria74.837K7.91.81.62.12.8
Oman74.87K7.91.21.62.13.4
Pakistan74.3396.9K7.921.21.92.4
Nigeria73.5345.8K7.92.7182.12
Kyrgyzstan73.57.4K7.921.4
Qatar73.47347.91.21.52.33.4
Bahrain73.48077.91.25.12.35.1
Jordan73.312.4K7.93.30.82.10.6
Libya73.110.7K7.92.20.62.61.4
Tunisia7312.9K7.92.21.42.20.9
Morocco72.756.3K7.92.21.12.30.8
Yemen72.368.9K7.91.21.62.10.9
Guinea72.126.3K7.92.716.92.11.6
DR Congo71.7179.6K7.9215.62.12
Republic of the Congo71.710K7.9215.62.12
Angola71.549.9K7.9215.62.11.8
Gabon71.53.4K7.9215.62.11.8
Sierra Leone71.316.7K7.92.716.72.11.7
Djibouti70.81.8K7.92.22.1
Laos67.513.3K7.91.99.52.15.5
Algeria66.950.2K7.920.52.90.9
Ghana66.643.5K7.92.711.42.11.6
Equatorial Guinea65.91.3K7.92102.11.8
Egypt65.3109.2K7.92.20.31.92.9
Liberia64.911.2K7.92.89.62.11.6
Iran64.5102.7K7.920.61.83.4
Cambodia64.530.9K7.91.96.12.15.9
Niger64.440.2K7.92.79.82.11
India64.31.6M7.94.71.21.62.4
Azerbaijan63.16.8K7.93.11.21.30.1
Togo6311.5K7.92.77.52.11.9
Lebanon634.3K7.91.80.61.91.7
Ivory Coast62.736.4K7.92.76.62.12.5
Gambia62.53.2K7.92.77.92.11
Sao Tome and Principe62.53757.926.42.12
Sri Lanka62.220.7K7.920.61.91.9
Turkey6288.3K7.930.61.3
Mali61.435.8K7.92.76.52.11.3
Senegal61.422.4K7.92.76.32.10.9
Guinea Bissau61.43.4K7.92.76.22.11.6
Bahamas61.23677.91.87.71.71.2
Uganda60.974.5K7.91.36.42.11.1
Cameroon60.833.9K7.925.62.11.1
Maldives60.86707.926.41.71.7
Zambia60.627.1K7.91.35.62.11.6
Tanzania60.584.3K7.91.35.62.11.5
Timor Leste60.31407.90.712.110.5
Central African Republic60.18.7K7.923.62.12.4
Thailand59.970K7.90.75.61.53.6
Nepal59.949.2K7.94.70.22.13.4
Indonesia59.3263.2K7.90.70.81.40.9
Saint Kitts and Nevis59.3447.91.85.81.71.3
San Marino59.2177.911.9
Bangladesh58.6251.2K7.94.70.71.61
Jamaica58.63.2K7.91.85.61.21.2
Myanmar58.568.6K7.90.741.73.1
Haiti58.414.9K7.91.84.52.11.2
Bhutan58.44.4K7.94.72.12.1
Chad57.722.9K7.922.52.11.1
Antigua and Barbuda57.4577.91.841.61
Mozambique57.345.5K7.91.32.52.11.4
Madagascar57.339.9K7.91.32.52.11.4
Brazil57.2192.3K7.91.90.51.30.6
Saint Lucia571717.91.84.51.21
Ecuador56.817.5K7.920.11.60.2
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines56.81157.91.83.41.61.5
Grenada56.71137.91.841.41
Burundi56.616.1K7.91.32.52.10.7
Malawi56.329.6K7.91.31.62.11.3
Malaysia5629.2K7.91.91.42.12.1
Zimbabwe5625.7K7.92.30.421.3
Barbados561687.91.831.41.3
Dominica56567.91.83.11.11
Kenya55.860.3K7.91.31.22.11.2
Dominican Republic55.711.2K7.91.82.81.11.2
Colombia55.554.3K7.921.10.3
Trinidad and Tobago55.59447.91.82.81.60.8
Bolivia55.414.8K7.920.11.80.1
Mauritania55.26.6K7.92.70.62.11
Moldova55.22.8K7.92.71.1
Vietnam55.187.3K7.91.90.91.72.1
Turkmenistan55.17K7.921.4
Romania5512.8K7.92.50.90.2
Rwanda5517.6K7.91.31.22.10.4
Greece555.3K7.91.52.31.62.7
Belarus555K7.92.61
Paraguay559.3K7.921.70.1
Brunei54.73827.91.90.41.82
Peru54.633.1K7.921.80.1
Comoros54.61.5K7.91.30.42.10.8
Ukraine54.521.8K7.92.11
Honduras54.511.1K7.92.52.10.1
Papua New Guinea54.59.8K7.91.50.32.11.8
Ethiopia54.4154.9K7.92.22.10.1
South Korea54.433.2K7.94.71.10.1
Somalia54.426.2K7.92.22.10.1
Eritrea54.48.3K7.92.22.10.1
Singapore54.22.6K7.91.31.22.11.1
Belize54.23257.92.50.91.30.7
Uzbekistan54.128.8K7.920.21.1
North Korea54.120.9K7.94.70.80.1
Kazakhstan54.114.2K7.921.3
Cape Verde54.17027.92.70.91.7
Serbia53.96.5K7.911.20.4
Mongolia53.93.1K7.91.31.4
Botswana53.92.6K7.92.32.10.7
Lesotho53.93.7K7.92.32.10.7
Guyana53.99157.920.91.50.7
Montenegro53.96.5K7.911.20.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina53.82.1K7.911.10.4
Namibia53.83.4K7.92.30.22.10.4
Seychelles53.81627.91.30.11.31
Cyprus53.75907.91.26.41.62.4
Suriname53.74307.920.91.30.8
Panama53.63.3K7.92.50.21.40.7
Georgia53.63K7.920.21.2
Eswatini53.61.7K7.92.32.10.4
Mauritius53.51K7.91.30.41.40.4
South Africa53.459K7.92.32.10.2
Guatemala53.421.8K7.92.51.80.1
Armenia53.41.9K7.920.11.1
North Macedonia53.41.3K7.911
El Salvador53.18.9K7.92.51.40.2
Ireland533K7.922.3
Mexico52.9121.5K7.92.51.40.1
Philippines52.9109.2K7.91.90.61.9
Poland52.919.6K7.92.71.5
Nicaragua52.99.1K7.92.51.50.1
Albania52.93K7.91.51.61.3
Chile52.715.1K7.91.91.8
Uruguay52.63.1K7.911.7
Malta52.62637.91.10.21.80.8
Argentina52.538K7.92.11.70.1
Venezuela52.430.2K7.920.11.50.3
Tonga52.21047.91.52.2
Solomon Islands52.19387.91.52.1
Vanuatu52.13137.91.52.1
Samoa52.12087.91.52.1
Tuvalu52.1167.81.52.1
Lithuania521.7K7.921.3
Liechtenstein51.9247.912.2
Japan51.761.7K7.90.71.5
Luxembourg51.72597.910.11.9
Iceland51.62067.911.9
Andorra51.6527.911.9
Costa Rica51.54.7K7.90.51.50.2
Micronesia51.52067.91.51.5
Niue51.527.91.51.5
Monaco51.4267.911.7
Bulgaria51.33.2K7.91.90.20.90.9
Kiribati51.31547.91.51.3
Palau51.3137.91.51.3
Cook Islands51.3237.91.51.3
China51.2964K7.91.310.4
Fiji51.21K7.91.51.2
Nauru51.2127.91.51.2
Latvia51.19207.911.4
Estonia516127.911.3
Slovakia50.72.8K7.911
Croatia50.42.7K7.90.61.50.4
Hungary48.94.3K7.92.81.1
Israel48.56.1K7.91.41.90.7
Netherlands488.4K7.91.10.220.1
Portugal47.95.4K7.90.60.11.50.5
United States47.8182.8K7.91.40.41.7
Cuba47.26.3K7.91.82.510.5
New Zealand46.72.5K7.91.72.220.1
Denmark46.52.8K7.91.20.11.60.1
Slovenia46.37887.911.3
Norway45.62.4K7.90.81.8
Canada45.515.5K7.91.60.21.8
Sweden45.13.4K7.910.11.80.1
Czech Republic44.94K7.90.81
Belgium44.64.6K7.91.20.11.2
Germany43.830.5K7.91.51.80.1
United Kingdom43.828.6K7.91.70.31.80.1
Finland43.82.3K7.90.91.2
Spain43.415.6K7.91.120.2
Italy43.221.8K7.90.50.61.9
Russia42.952.7K7.92.51.1
Switzerland42.52.8K7.911.9
Australia41.710.4K7.90.61.90.2
Austria41.63K7.90.81.50.1
France39.729.1K7.91.20.31.90.1
showing: 194 rows

Sources