Countries Without Extradition 2020

Extradition is a formal, cooperative law enforcement process between two countries where one government can turn over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the country where they were charged and convicted. Between countries, extraditions are typically regulated by treaties, which the United States has with over one hundred countries around the world.

An example of extradition is if someone commits a crime in the United States and then leaves the country to evade punishment. Law enforcement in the country where the criminal flees can detain and deliver the accused back to the United States to stand trial.

By allowing countries to pursue fugitives and other wanted criminals abroad, extradition has become increasingly important in combating transnational criminal organizations. Extradition allows countries to detain those involved in terrorism, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, and cybercrime.

In some nations, however, there are no extradition treaties in place with the United States. This means that a person convicted of a crime in one country does not have to be returned to that country to face trial or punishment. Even in nations with treaties in place, geopolitical issues can lead to disputes over extradition. Countries that have extradition treaties with the United States but are known for refuse extradition requests are Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Iceland, Switzerland, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. On the other hand, some countries without an extradition treaty, such as Yemen in the Middle East, are known for returning fugitives.

One of the most well-known stories surrounding the issue of extradition is the story of Edward Snowden. Edward Snowden is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and an American whistleblower who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013. When Snowden fled to Russia, he was held at the Moscow airport while U.S. authorities asked Russia to extradite him. Russia, however, had proposed a treaty with the United States asking for the mutual extradition of criminals, which the U.S. never agreed to. Because the United States has never extradited any Russian criminal who had taken asylum in the United States, Snowden’s extradition was not likely.

In the table below is every country that does not have an extradition treaty with the United States.

Countries Without Extradition 2020

Country Population 2020
China1,439,323,776
Indonesia273,523,615
Bangladesh164,689,383
Russia145,934,462
Ethiopia114,963,588
Vietnam97,338,579
Myanmar54,409,800
Uganda45,741,007
Algeria43,851,044
Sudan43,849,260
Ukraine43,733,762
Afghanistan38,928,346
Morocco36,910,560
Saudi Arabia34,813,871
Uzbekistan33,469,203
Angola32,866,272
Mozambique31,255,435
Yemen29,825,964
Nepal29,136,808
Madagascar27,691,018
Cameroon26,545,863
Ivory Coast26,378,274
Niger24,206,644
Burkina Faso20,903,273
Mali20,250,833
Kazakhstan18,776,707
Syria17,500,658
Senegal16,743,927
Cambodia16,718,965
Chad16,425,864
Somalia15,893,222
Guinea13,132,795
Rwanda12,952,218
Burundi11,890,784
Tunisia11,818,619
United Arab Emirates9,890,402
Belarus9,449,323
Serbia8,737,371
Togo8,278,724
Laos7,275,560
Libya6,871,292
Lebanon6,825,445
Republic Of The Congo5,518,087
Oman5,106,626
Central African Republic4,829,767
Mauritania4,649,658
Kuwait4,270,571
Moldova4,033,963
Eritrea3,546,421
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,280,819
Mongolia3,278,290
Armenia2,963,243
Qatar2,881,053
Namibia2,540,905
Gabon2,225,734
Macedonia2,083,374
Guinea Bissau1,968,001
Bahrain1,701,575
Equatorial Guinea1,402,985
Djibouti988,000
Comoros869,601
Montenegro628,066
Cape Verde555,987
Maldives540,544
Brunei437,479
Vanuatu307,145
Sao Tome And Principe219,159
Samoa198,414
Micronesia115,023
Andorra77,265
Marshall Islands59,190
Vatican City801