Countries Without Extradition 2020

Extradition is a formal, cooperative law enforcement process between two countries where one government can turn over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the country where they were charged and convicted. Between countries, extraditions are typically regulated by treaties, which the United States has with over one hundred countries worldwide.

An example of extradition is if someone commits a crime in the United States and then leaves the country to evade punishment. Law enforcement in the country where the criminal flees can detain and deliver the accused back to the United States to stand trial.

By allowing countries to pursue fugitives and other wanted criminals abroad, extradition has become increasingly important in combating transnational criminal organizations. Extradition will enable countries to detain those involved in terrorism, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, and cybercrime.

In some nations, however, there are no extradition treaties in place with the United States. This means that a person convicted of a crime in one country does not have to be returned to that country to face trial or punishment. Even in nations with treaties in place, geopolitical issues can lead to disputes over extradition. Countries with extradition treaties with the United States but are known for refusing extradition requests are Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Iceland, Switzerland, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. On the other hand, some countries without an extradition treaty, such as Yemen in the Middle East, are known for returning fugitives.

One of the most well-known stories surrounding the issue of extradition is the story of Edward Snowden. Edward Snowden is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and an American whistleblower who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013. When Snowden fled to Russia, he was held at the Moscow airport while U.S. authorities asked Russia to extradite him. However, Russia had proposed a treaty with the United States asking for the mutual extradition of criminals, which the U.S. never agreed to. Because the United States has never extradited any Russian criminal who had taken asylum in the United States, Snowden’s extradition was unlikely.

Countries Without Extradition 2020

Rank Country Population 2020
1China1,439,323,776
2Indonesia273,523,615
3Bangladesh164,689,383
4Russia145,934,462
5Ethiopia114,963,588
6Vietnam97,338,579
7Myanmar54,409,800
8Uganda45,741,007
9Algeria43,851,044
10Sudan43,849,260
11Ukraine43,733,762
12Afghanistan38,928,346
13Morocco36,910,560
14Saudi Arabia34,813,871
15Uzbekistan33,469,203
16Angola32,866,272
17Mozambique31,255,435
18Yemen29,825,964
19Nepal29,136,808
20Madagascar27,691,018
21Cameroon26,545,863
22Ivory Coast26,378,274
23Niger24,206,644
24Burkina Faso20,903,273
25Mali20,250,833
26Kazakhstan18,776,707
27Syria17,500,658
28Senegal16,743,927
29Cambodia16,718,965
30Chad16,425,864
31Somalia15,893,222
32Guinea13,132,795
33Rwanda12,952,218
34Burundi11,890,784
35Tunisia11,818,619
36United Arab Emirates9,890,402
37Belarus9,449,323
38Serbia8,737,371
39Togo8,278,724
40Laos7,275,560
41Libya6,871,292
42Lebanon6,825,445
43Republic Of The Congo5,518,087
44Oman5,106,626
45Central African Republic4,829,767
46Mauritania4,649,658
47Kuwait4,270,571
48Moldova4,033,963
49Eritrea3,546,421
50Bosnia And Herzegovina3,280,819
51Mongolia3,278,290
52Armenia2,963,243
53Qatar2,881,053
54Namibia2,540,905
55Gabon2,225,734
56Macedonia2,083,374
57Guinea Bissau1,968,001
58Bahrain1,701,575
59Equatorial Guinea1,402,985
60Djibouti988,000
61Comoros869,601
62Montenegro628,066
63Cape Verde555,987
64Maldives540,544
65Brunei437,479
66Vanuatu307,145
67Sao Tome And Principe219,159
68Samoa198,414
69Micronesia115,023
70Andorra77,265
71Marshall Islands59,190
72Vatican City801