Countries Without Extradition 2021

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Extradition is a formal, cooperative law enforcement process between two countries where one government can turn over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the country where they were charged and convicted. Between countries, extraditions are typically regulated by treaties, which the United States has with over one hundred countries worldwide.

An example of extradition is if someone commits a crime in the United States and then leaves the country to evade punishment. Law enforcement in the country where the criminal flees can detain and deliver the accused back to the United States to stand trial.

By allowing countries to pursue fugitives and other wanted criminals abroad, extradition has become increasingly important in combating transnational criminal organizations. Extradition will enable countries to detain those involved in terrorism, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, and cybercrime.

In some nations, however, there are no extradition treaties in place with the United States. This means that a person convicted of a crime in one country does not have to be returned to that country to face trial or punishment. Even in nations with treaties in place, geopolitical issues can lead to disputes over extradition. Countries with extradition treaties with the United States but are known for refusing extradition requests are Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Iceland, Switzerland, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. On the other hand, some countries without an extradition treaty, such as Yemen in the Middle East, are known for returning fugitives.

One of the most well-known stories surrounding the issue of extradition is the story of Edward Snowden. Edward Snowden is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and an American whistleblower who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013. When Snowden fled to Russia, he was held at the Moscow airport while U.S. authorities asked Russia to extradite him. However, Russia had proposed a treaty with the United States asking for the mutual extradition of criminals, which the U.S. never agreed to. Because the United States has never extradited any Russian criminal who had taken asylum in the United States, Snowden’s extradition was unlikely.

Countries Without Extradition 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
Indonesia276,361,783
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Ethiopia117,876,227
Vietnam98,168,833
Myanmar54,806,012
Uganda47,123,531
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Afghanistan39,835,428
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Mozambique32,163,047
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
Niger25,130,817
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Syria18,275,702
Senegal17,196,301
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Belarus9,442,862
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Laos7,379,358
Libya6,958,532
Lebanon6,769,146
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Oman5,223,375
Central African Republic4,919,981
Mauritania4,775,119
Kuwait4,328,550
Moldova4,024,019
Eritrea3,601,467
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Namibia2,587,344
Gabon2,278,825
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Djibouti1,002,187
Comoros888,451
Montenegro628,053
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Brunei441,532
Vanuatu314,464
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Micronesia116,254
Andorra77,355
Marshall Islands59,610
Vatican City800

Countries Without Extradition 2021