Countries Without Extradition 2021

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Extradition is a formal, cooperative law enforcement process between two countries where one government can turn over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the country where they were charged and convicted. Between countries, extraditions are typically regulated by treaties, which the United States has with over one hundred countries worldwide.

An example of extradition is if someone commits a crime in the United States and then leaves the country to evade punishment. Law enforcement in the country where the criminal flees can detain and deliver the accused back to the United States to stand trial.

By allowing countries to pursue fugitives and other wanted criminals abroad, extradition has become increasingly important in combating transnational criminal organizations. Extradition will enable countries to detain those involved in terrorism, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, and cybercrime.

In some nations, however, there are no extradition treaties in place with the United States. This means that a person convicted of a crime in one country does not have to be returned to that country to face trial or punishment. Even in nations with treaties in place, geopolitical issues can lead to disputes over extradition. Countries with extradition treaties with the United States but are known for refusing extradition requests are Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Iceland, Switzerland, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. On the other hand, some countries without an extradition treaty, such as Yemen in the Middle East, are known for returning fugitives.

One of the most well-known stories surrounding the issue of extradition is the story of Edward Snowden. Edward Snowden is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and an American whistleblower who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013. When Snowden fled to Russia, he was held at the Moscow airport while U.S. authorities asked Russia to extradite him. However, Russia had proposed a treaty with the United States asking for the mutual extradition of criminals, which the U.S. never agreed to. Because the United States has never extradited any Russian criminal who had taken asylum in the United States, Snowden’s extradition was unlikely.

Countries Without Extradition 2021

Rank Country Population 2021
1China1,444,216,107
2Indonesia276,361,783
3Bangladesh166,303,498
4Russia145,912,025
5Ethiopia117,876,227
6Vietnam98,168,833
7Myanmar54,806,012
8Uganda47,123,531
9Sudan44,909,353
10Algeria44,616,624
11Ukraine43,466,819
12Afghanistan39,835,428
13Morocco37,344,795
14Saudi Arabia35,340,683
15Uzbekistan33,935,763
16Angola33,933,610
17Mozambique32,163,047
18Yemen30,490,640
19Nepal29,674,920
20Madagascar28,427,328
21Cameroon27,224,265
22Ivory Coast27,053,629
23Niger25,130,817
24Burkina Faso21,497,096
25Mali20,855,735
26Kazakhstan18,994,962
27Syria18,275,702
28Senegal17,196,301
29Cambodia16,946,438
30Chad16,914,985
31Somalia16,359,504
32Guinea13,497,244
33Rwanda13,276,513
34Burundi12,255,433
35Tunisia11,935,766
36United Arab Emirates9,991,089
37Belarus9,442,862
38Serbia8,697,550
39Togo8,478,250
40Laos7,379,358
41Libya6,958,532
42Lebanon6,769,146
43Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
44Oman5,223,375
45Central African Republic4,919,981
46Mauritania4,775,119
47Kuwait4,328,550
48Moldova4,024,019
49Eritrea3,601,467
50Mongolia3,329,289
51Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
52Armenia2,968,127
53Qatar2,930,528
54Namibia2,587,344
55Gabon2,278,825
56Macedonia2,082,658
57Guinea Bissau2,015,494
58Bahrain1,748,296
59Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
60Djibouti1,002,187
61Comoros888,451
62Montenegro628,053
63Cape Verde561,898
64Maldives543,617
65Brunei441,532
66Vanuatu314,464
67Sao Tome And Principe223,368
68Samoa200,149
69Micronesia116,254
70Andorra77,355
71Marshall Islands59,610
72Vatican City800

Countries Without Extradition 2021