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Languages by Country 2024

According to Ethnologue, there are more than 7,000 spoken languages worldwide. Some languages are less widely spoken (1,500 languages with less than 1,000 speakers), while others are spoken across different countries. Here’s a roundup of the different languages worldwide and the countries that use them. English

It’s the most popular language with more than 1,100 million speakers across different countries and continents. English is believed to have originated from Anglo-Frisian languages brought to Britain in the mid- 5th-7th centuries. It’s the official language of many countries, including:

Chinese

Although the language is native to the Chinese, it’s a pretty popular language worldwide. Approximately 1117 million people speak Mandarin Chinese. Examples of Chinese-speaking countries include:

Spanish

Spanish is a second language for most English speakers, but for some countries, it’s a native language. It’s the official language of Spain and an official language in 19 countries, including:

Arabic

Studies show Arabic is the fifth most spoken language in the world and is native to the Middle East and North African countries. It’s also one of the languages written from right to left and borrows some words from Portuguese and Spanish languages. Arabic is the official language of countries such as:

French

The language is native to France, some parts of Canada, and Senegal. However, it has spread its roots to other countries over time. They include:

Portuguese

With more than 234 million speakers, the Portuguese language is rooted in the region of Medieval Galicia. It’s the official language of some countries like:

German

With more than 100 million speakers, it’s often referred to as the language of thinkers and writers. German is the official language of Germany but has spread roots to other countries like:

Russian

Apparently, Russian is the eighth most spoken language in the world, albeit its complex nature. The language has about 200,000 words, some of which have more than one meaning. Although there are many Russian-speaking people around the world, it’s the official language of four countries only- Russia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. Other Russian-speaking countries include:

- Table includes languages that are either official/national, minority, or otherwise common in each country. However, many countries are also home to additional unlisted languages used by specific minority population groups. For example, Chinese and Spanish are very common in certain neighborhoods of many US cities (such as San Francisco's Chinatown), and a total of 197 living languages are spoken by at least a statistically measurable number of the country's residents.

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Country
Official or National Language
Minority Language
Other Widely Spoken Languages
AfghanistanPersian (Dari), Pashto
AlbaniaAlbanianGreek, Macedonian, AromanianItalian
AlgeriaArabic, TamazightFrench
AndorraCatalan
AngolaPortugueseKimbundu, Umbundu, Kikongo, Chokwe, Kwanyama, GanguelaAngolan
Antigua and BarbudaEnglishAntiguan and Barbudan Creole
ArgentinaSpanishArgentine Spanish
ArmeniaArmenian
AustraliaEnglishNyulnyulan, Worrorran, Bunuban, Jarrakan, Mindi, Daly, Wagiman, Wardaman, Tiwi, Darwin, Iwaidjan, Giimbiyu, Arnhem, Gunwinyguan, Garawan, Tangkic, Pama-Nyungan
AustriaGermanSlovene, Czech, Hungarian, Slovak, Romani, Serbian
AzerbaijanAzerbaijani
BahamasEnglish
BahrainArabic
BangladeshBengali
BarbadosEnglish
BelarusBelarusian, Russian
BelgiumDutch, French, German
BelizeEnglishKriol
BeninFrench
BhutanDzongkha
BoliviaSpanish
Bosnia and Herzegovina(Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian
BotswanaEnglishBantu languagesTswana
BrazilPortuguese
BruneiMalay, English
BulgariaBulgarian
Burkina FasoFrenchFula, Jula, More
BurundiFrench, Kirundi, EnglishKirundiSwahili
CambodiaKhmer
CameroonEnglish, French
CanadaEnglish, FrenchChipewyan, Cree, Gwich'in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey
Cape VerdePortugueseCape Verdean Creole
Central African RepublicFrench, Sango
ChadArabic, French
ChileChilean Spanish
ChinaMandarin ChineseMongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Zhuang, Kazakh, Korean
ColombiaSpanish
ComorosArabic, Comorian, French
Cook IslandsEnglish, Cook Islands Maori
Costa RicaSpanishLimonese Creole
CroatiaCroatianItalian, Romani, Slovene
CubaSpanish
CyprusGreek, TurkishArmeniani, Cypriot Arabic, English
Czech RepublicCzech, SlovakBelarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Ukrainian, Vietnamese
DenmarkDanishGerman
DjiboutiArabic, French
DominicaEnglish
Dominican RepublicSpanish
DR CongoFrenchLingala, KikongoSwahili, Tshiluba
EcuadorSpanish, QuechuaKichwa, Shuar
EgyptArabicCoptic
El SalvadorSpanish
Equatorial GuineaFrench, Portuguese, Spanish
EritreaTigrinyaArabic, Italian
EstoniaEstonianRussian
EswatiniEnglish, Swazi
EthiopiaAfar, Amharic, Oromo, Somali, TigrinyaBenshangul, Gumuz, Harari, Kunama, Sidamo
FijiEnglish, Fijian, Fiji Hindi
FinlandFinnish, SwedishSami
FranceFrenchCorsican, Basque, BretonOccitan language
GabonFrench
GambiaEnglish
GeorgiaGeorgian
GermanyGermanDanish, Lower Sorbian, North Frisian, Romani, Upper Sorbian
GhanaEnglish
GreeceGreek
GrenadaEnglish
GuatemalaSpanish
GuineaFrenchFula, Maninka, Susu
Guinea BissauPortuguese
GuyanaEnglishGuyanese Creole
HaitiFrench, Haitian Creole
HondurasSpanish
HungaryHungarianCroatian, German, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
IcelandIcelandic
IndiaHindi, EnglishBengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Punjabi, Gujarati, Bhojpuri, Kannada, Malayalam, Odiya, Maithili, Assamese, Bhili, Santali, Kashmiri, Gondi, Nepali, Sindhi, Dogri, Konkani, Kurukh, Khandeshi, Tulu, Meitei, Bodo, Khasi, Ho, Garo, Mundari, Tripuri
IndonesiaIndonesianMalay, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau
IranPersianAzerbaijani, Kurdish, Luri, Gilaki, Mazanderani, Balochi, Arabic, Qashqai, Tati, Turkmeni
IraqArabic, Kurdish
IrelandIrish, English
IsraelHebrewEnglish
ItalyItalianLadin, Slovene
Ivory CoastFrench
JamaicaEnglishJamaican Patois
JapanJapanese
JordanArabic
KazakhstanKazakh, Russian
KenyaEnglish, Swahili
KiribatiEnglishKiribati
KuwaitArabic
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz, Russian
LaosLao
LatviaLatvianRussian
LebanonArabicArmenianEnglish, French
LesothoSotho, English
LiberiaEnglish
LibyaArabic
LiechtensteinGerman
LithuaniaLithuanianRussian
LuxembourgFrench, German, Luxembourgish
MadagascarFrench, Malagasy
MalawiEnglish, Chichewa
MalaysiaMalayMandarin Chinese, Cantonese, Tamil
MaldivesDhivehi
MaliFrench
MaltaMaltese, English
Marshall IslandsEnglishMarshallese
MauritaniaArabicFula, Soninke, Wolof, French
MauritiusEnglishMauritian Creole
MexicoSpanish
MicronesiaEnglish
MoldovaRomanian
MonacoFrenchMonégasque
MongoliaMongolian
MontenegroMontenegrin
MoroccoArabic, TamazightDarija
MozambiquePortuguese
MyanmarBurmeseEnglish
NamibiaEnglishAfrikaans
NepalNepali
NetherlandsDutch, FrisianDutch Low Saxon, Dutch Sign Language, Limburgish, Sinte Romani, Yiddish
New ZealandEnglishMaori, New Zealand Sign Language
NicaraguaSpanish
NigerFrenchArabic, Hausa, Fulfulde, Gulmancema, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamazight
NigeriaEnglishHausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Tiv
NiueEnglish, Niuean
North KoreaKorean
North MacedoniaMacedonian, Albanian
NorwayNorwegianKven, Scandoromani
OmanArabic
PakistanUrdu, EnglishPunjabi, Balochi, Sindhi, Pashto
PalauEnglish, Palauan
PalestineArabicEnglish, Hebrew
PanamaSpanish
Papua New GuineaEnglish, Hiri Motu, PNG Sign Language, Tok Pisin
ParaguaySpanish, Guaraní
PeruPeruvian Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Asháninka
PhilippinesFilipino, English
PolandPolish
PortugalPortuguese
QatarArabic
Republic of the CongoFrenchLingala, Munukutuba
RomaniaRomanian
RussiaRussian
RwandaEnglish, French, Kinyarwanda, Swahili
Saint Kitts and NevisEnglish
Saint LuciaEnglish
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesEnglish
SamoaEnglishSamoan
San MarinoItalian
Sao Tome and PrincipePortuguese
Saudi ArabiaArabic
SenegalFrenchJola-Fogny, Mandinka, Pulaar, Serer, Soninke, Wolof
SerbiaSerbian
SeychellesEnglish, French, Seychellois Creole
Sierra LeoneEnglishKrio
SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil
SlovakiaSlovak
SloveniaSlovene
Solomon IslandsEnglish
SomaliaArabicSomali
South AfricaAfrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Sotho, Northern Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
South KoreaKorean
South SudanEnglishArabic, Bari, Dinka, Luo, Murle, Nuer, Zande
SpainSpanishAstur-Leonese, Aragonese, Fala, French, Portuguese
Sri LankaSinhala, Tamil
SudanArabic, English
SurinameDutchSranan Tongo
SwedenSwedishFinnishEnglish, Romani, Yiddish
SwitzerlandFrench , German, Italian, Romansh
SyriaArabic
TaiwanMandarinTaiwanese Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese Hakka, Formosan
TajikistanTajikRussian
TanzaniaEnglishSwahili
ThailandThai
Timor LestePortuguese, Tetum
TogoFrench
TongaEnglish, Tongan
Trinidad and TobagoEnglish
TunisiaArabicTunisian
TurkeyTurkishKurdish
TurkmenistanTurkmenRussian
TuvaluTuvaluan, English
UgandaEnglish, Swahili
UkraineUkrainian
United Arab EmiratesArabicEnglish
United KingdomEnglish, Irish, Scottish, Gaelic, Welsh
United StatesEnglish
UruguaySpanish
UzbekistanUzbekUzbek, KarakalpakRussian
VanuatuEnglish, FrenchBislama
Vatican CityItalian, LatinSwiss German
VenezuelaSpanish
VietnamVietnameseCantonese, Cham, Hmong, Khmer, Lao, Muong, Rade, Tay, Thai
Western SaharaTamazight, Arabic, Spanish
YemenArabic
ZambiaEnglish
ZimbabweChewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Khoisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa
showing: 198 rows

Which country has the most languages?

Papua New Guinea has the most spoken languages at 840.

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