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Mosquito Species

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Mosquito Population by Country 2024

In the book The Mosquito: A Human History of Our Deadliest Predator, author Timothy C. Winegard estimates that there could be around 110 trillion mosquitoes in the world. Some global mosquito population estimates are in the quadrillions. No one knows for sure as they are impossible to count and only live for a short time.

The male mosquito lives for up to 10 days. The female mosquito can live for up to nine weeks. Unhatched eggs can lay dormant for up to eight months. Once the eggs experience enough water, from rain, flooding, and humidity, they hatch.

There are approximately 3,500 different species of mosquitoes worldwide. Most mosquito bites are annoying, but not deadly. Only a few species transmit diseases to humans—about 12 species cause most human deaths. Mosquito-borne diseases like malaria, yellow fever, and dengue kill millions of people, making the mosquito the greatest human killer in the world.

Mosquitoes are found in every country in the world except for Iceland and the continent of Antarctica. Scientists need to understand exactly why Iceland is mosquito-free. It could be the freezing temperatures followed by the thawing or the Icelandic soil's chemical composition. Antarctica is too cold for mosquitoes, and there is no food source that would allow mosquitoes to survive.

The countries with the greatest populations of mosquitoes (in the order of the highest populations first) are Brazil, Indonesia, Australia, and the Philippines.

The countries with the greatest number of mosquito species are Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.

Mosquitoes are the deadliest threat to humans. Estimated deaths caused by mosquito-borne illnesses are 2.7 million per year. Unfortunately, most of the deaths are children. Mosquitoes are responsible for billions of human deaths.

The countries with the highest rate of deaths from malaria are in Africa. These areas have high mosquito populations that transmit the disease. The top ten (in order of the most deaths) are Burkina Faso, Benin, Liberia, Mali, Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, Niger, Mozambique, and Guinea.

In the United States, three mosquito genera are causing most of the disease transmission problem. The Aedes genus spreads dengue fever. The Anopheles genus spreads malaria, and the Culex genus spreads the West Nile Virus.

The top ten states in the United States with the greatest mosquito population are: 1) Florida, 2) Texas, 3) Louisiana, 4) Georgia, 5) North Carolina, 6) Alabama, 7) South Dakota, 8) Oklahoma, 9) Montana, and 10) Virginia.

- While exact mosquito populations are uncounted in many countries, the number of species inhabiting each country is more easily tracked.

Download Table Data

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Country
Mosquito Species
Endemic Species
Total Species Type
Brazil447148394
Indonesia439108201
Malaysia41575306
Thailand3795986
India33853271
Philippines294128233
Panama26435185
Colombia2512861
DR Congo2482682
China23885128
Venezuela2384091
Australia231135219
French Guiana2242754
Uganda2162088
Mexico2113491
Kenya2032757
Papua New Guinea18758192
Argentina1832794
South Africa1783737
United States17531186
Nepal17201
Cameroon1723636
Suriname161559
Nigeria1591373
Bolivia157722
Costa Rica154745
Madagascar14890112
Vietnam147911
Angola1401930
Tanzania1381528
Sudan137147
Sri Lanka1371754
Cambodia137717
Peru129418
Ghana126167
Japan1243867
Trinidad and Tobago122256
Ecuador1182334
Bangladesh11315
Russia1121313
Mozambique10918
Taiwan1051856
Guatemala105317
Zimbabwe101031
Singapore100231
Ethiopia99714
Ivory Coast951319
Sierra Leone94234
Republic of the Congo9199
Belize9115
Pakistan89316
Liberia8916
Guyana84322
Myanmar83113
Central African Republic8367
Honduras8224
Nicaragua8109
Canada77141
Burkina Faso7722
Gabon7214
Zambia7117
Senegal6956
El Salvador6918
Paraguay6308
Spain5716
Jamaica571745
Iran5613
Greece55010
Romania5412
Uruguay5411
South Korea5315
North Korea5315
Turkey5025
Laos5027
Morocco4825
Cuba48627
Slovakia4800
France46231
Czech Republic4200
Italy41029
Dominican Republic41120
Gambia40012
Poland3900
Malawi39011
Bulgaria3900
Benin3711
Israel3615
Algeria35320
Portugal3536
Puerto Rico3505
Botswana3512
Germany33020
Ukraine3101
Comoros3188
Iraq3003
Yemen3023
Saudi Arabia2811
Syria2801
Egypt27019
Haiti2702
Sweden2727
Guinea2613
Jordan2600
Tajikistan2601
Hungary2601
Latvia2500
Fiji251316
Vanuatu25811
United Kingdom24021
Mali2401
Namibia2423
Somalia2323
Togo2304
Serbia2301
Finland2303
Montenegro2300
Afghanistan2200
Djibouti2201
New Caledonia2167
Lebanon2003
Georgia2000
Mongolia2000
Bosnia and Herzegovina1901
Equatorial Guinea1920
Bahamas19111
Micronesia19912
Denmark1816
Tunisia1702
Grenada1738
Chad1603
Norway1602
New Zealand161212
Mauritius16411
Palau1666
Kazakhstan1534
Rwanda1524
Croatia1500
Luxembourg1500
Maldives1500
Austria1404
Guadeloupe1405
Seychelles1468
Chile13616
Burundi1304
Mauritania1300
Albania1301
Saint Lucia1316
Tonga1335
Uzbekistan1123
Oman1112
Niger1011
Netherlands1002
Belgium1000
Libya1000
Eritrea1013
Dominica1003
Armenia900
Lithuania900
Cyprus901
Sao Tome and Principe977
Azerbaijan822
Kyrgyzstan800
Turkmenistan808
Slovenia800
Brunei811
Tuvalu800
Ireland701
Moldova700
Lesotho700
Estonia700
French Polynesia755
Antigua and Barbuda704
Belarus600
Switzerland600
Martinique603
American Samoa634
Bahrain501
Eswatini500
Barbados502
Guam514
Kiribati500
Montserrat501
Nauru400
United Arab Emirates300
Cape Verde322
Saint Kitts and Nevis300
Reunion212
Malta201
Greenland202
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines103
Bermuda101
Wallis and Futuna100
Niue101
Kuwait000
Qatar000
Bhutan000
Macau001
Iceland000
Mayotte006
Aruba000
Isle of Man000
Andorra000
Guernsey000
Liechtenstein000
Monaco000
San Marino000
Gibraltar000
Anguilla000
Saint Pierre and Miquelon000
Tokelau000
showing: 210 rows

Which country has most number of mosquitoes?

The countries that have been recorded as having the most species of mosquitos are Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. However, Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Brazil are home to the most endemic.

Frequently Asked Questions