The word “liberal” is thrown around a lot, but what does it mean? Liberalism is defined as being open to new opinions and behaviors beyond traditional beliefs and values.
Throughout the world, people have their own set of beliefs. Some people have more traditional views on issues such as marriage, divorce, and abortion, while others are more open and willing to accept things that are outside of the traditional. For example, a person with liberal views believes that marriage can be between any two people, regardless of gender.
Unlike conservative countries, liberal countries are open to change and progressive positions on controversial issues such as gay marriage. Twenty-nine countries have legalized gay marriage either through legislation or court decisions.
Measuring the most and least liberal nations is a difficult task that has not been perfected. Data, reports, and surveys can be used to get an idea of the most liberal views and opinions in nations worldwide.
In 2017, Movehub used three different surveys taken in 2016 to find the most liberal nations globally. The study used the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Report, the Environmental Performance Index, and the Social Progress Index. It looked at categories including LGBT tolerance, religious tolerance, and gender parity.
According to this study, Iceland was found to be the most liberal nation in the world. This country had the smallest gender pay gap globally and was also one of the most eco-friendly. Finland and Sweden were ranked second and third, respectively. Finland ranked high in health and safety, while Sweden ranked high in gender equality. All three of these nations have legalized gay marriage nationally through legislation.
The top 10 nation on this list are: