Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2020

The Paris Climate Agreement, or the Paris Agreement, was an agreement that was drafted during the Paris Climate Conference in 2015. This landmark environmental accord was made within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to address climate change and its negative impacts.

At the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC), representatives from 196 countries met in Le Bourget, France, and negotiated the agreement’s language. On December 12, 2015, the accord was adopted by consensus.

Summary of the Paris Climate Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a 32-page document that establishes a framework for global action climate change.

The agreement aims to:

  • Limit global temperature increase by reducing greenhouse gas emissions
  • Provide a framework for transparency, accountability, and achievement of more ambitious targets.
  • Mobilize support for climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing nations.

The Paris Agreement is important because climate change is a threat to the environment and all of humanity.

  • Global warming threatens global weather patterns and can exacerbate natural disasters.
  • Climate change endangers human health.
  • Global warming can only be mitigated by a collective global action.

Hotter temperatures alter global weather patterns, leading to droughts, heatwaves, wildfires, floods, and fierce storms such as hurricanes. When hotter temperatures melt ice caps, glaciers, and permafrost, it causes rising sea levels and coastal erosion. Higher temperatures, extreme weather events, and rising sea levels disturb ecosystems and their migration patterns and life cycles.

Climate change jeopardizes our air, water, and food; spreads disease; and threatens our safety. Every year, wildfires force tens of thousands of people to flee their homes. Millions of acres are destroyed by the flames, taking many families’ homes with them. Climate change means an increase in pollution, which contributes directly to respiratory disease and cardiovascular deaths.

The general scientific view is that any rise in global temperatures of more than 2 degrees Celsius would be catastrophic for the Earth— causing severe natural disasters, a melted Arctic, and possible mass extinctions. When the entire planet is at risk, it takes the whole world to combat climate change. The agreement’s ultimate goal is capping the global warming rise this century to 1.5 degrees Celsius. While the 0.5-degree difference may not seem like a lot, it would dramatically impact low-lying nations and coral reefs.

Cost of the Paris Agreement

Research has shown that the cost of inaction outweighs the cost of reducing carbon pollution. While President Trump claimed that the Paris Agreement would cost the U.S. economy $3 trillion by 2040 and 2.7 million jobs by 2025. However, one study suggest that the U.S. would lose as much as $6 trillion in the coming decades if it didn’t meet its Paris climate goals. Additionally, global GDP would decline by 25% if the world did not meet the goals laid out in the agreement.

Additionally, the clean energy sector in the United States employs about 3 million workers— about 14 times that of the oil, gas, coal, and other fossil fuel industry employment. Further investments into clean, renewable energy industries could create more than 500,000 jobs by 2030.

Paris Climate Agreement Countries

A consensus among world leaders is rare, but with the Paris Agreement, leaders from around the world collectively agreed that climate change is driven by human behavior.

The Paris Climate Agreement was negotiated at the UNFCCC by representatives of 196 countries and was adopted by consensus on December 12, 2015. The accord was signed on April 22, 2016, and became effective as of November 4, 2016.

As of February 2020, all UNFCC members have signed the agreement, and 189 have become parties to it. The signatories that did not become parties are:

Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2020

Rank Country Population 2020
1China1,439,323,776
2India1,380,004,385
3United States331,002,651
4Indonesia273,523,615
5Pakistan220,892,340
6Brazil212,559,417
7Nigeria206,139,589
8Bangladesh164,689,383
9Russia145,934,462
10Mexico128,932,753
11Japan126,476,461
12Ethiopia114,963,588
13Philippines109,581,078
14Egypt102,334,404
15Vietnam97,338,579
16Dr Congo89,561,403
17Turkey84,339,067
18Iran83,992,949
19Germany83,783,942
20Thailand69,799,978
21United Kingdom67,886,011
22France65,273,511
23Italy60,461,826
24Tanzania59,734,218
25South Africa59,308,690
26Myanmar54,409,800
27Kenya53,771,296
28South Korea51,269,185
29Colombia50,882,891
30Spain46,754,778
31Uganda45,741,007
32Argentina45,195,774
33Algeria43,851,044
34Sudan43,849,260
35Ukraine43,733,762
36Iraq40,222,493
37Afghanistan38,928,346
38Poland37,846,611
39Canada37,742,154
40Morocco36,910,560
41Saudi Arabia34,813,871
42Uzbekistan33,469,203
43Peru32,971,854
44Angola32,866,272
45Malaysia32,365,999
46Mozambique31,255,435
47Ghana31,072,940
48Yemen29,825,964
49Nepal29,136,808
50Venezuela28,435,940
51Madagascar27,691,018
52Cameroon26,545,863
53Ivory Coast26,378,274
54North Korea25,778,816
55Australia25,499,884
56Niger24,206,644
57Sri Lanka21,413,249
58Burkina Faso20,903,273
59Mali20,250,833
60Romania19,237,691
61Malawi19,129,952
62Chile19,116,201
63Kazakhstan18,776,707
64Zambia18,383,955
65Guatemala17,915,568
66Ecuador17,643,054
67Syria17,500,658
68Netherlands17,134,872
69Senegal16,743,927
70Cambodia16,718,965
71Chad16,425,864
72Somalia15,893,222
73Zimbabwe14,862,924
74Guinea13,132,795
75Rwanda12,952,218
76Benin12,123,200
77Burundi11,890,784
78Tunisia11,818,619
79Bolivia11,673,021
80Belgium11,589,623
81Haiti11,402,528
82Cuba11,326,616
83South Sudan11,193,725
84Dominican Republic10,847,910
85Czech Republic10,708,981
86Greece10,423,054
87Jordan10,203,134
88Portugal10,196,709
89Azerbaijan10,139,177
90Sweden10,099,265
91Honduras9,904,607
92United Arab Emirates9,890,402
93Hungary9,660,351
94Tajikistan9,537,645
95Belarus9,449,323
96Austria9,006,398
97Papua New Guinea8,947,024
98Serbia8,737,371
99Israel8,655,535
100Switzerland8,654,622
101Togo8,278,724
102Sierra Leone7,976,983
103Laos7,275,560
104Paraguay7,132,538
105Bulgaria6,948,445
106Libya6,871,292
107Lebanon6,825,445
108Nicaragua6,624,554
109Kyrgyzstan6,524,195
110El Salvador6,486,205
111Turkmenistan6,031,200
112Singapore5,850,342
113Denmark5,792,202
114Finland5,540,720
115Republic Of The Congo5,518,087
116Slovakia5,459,642
117Norway5,421,241
118Oman5,106,626
119Palestine5,101,414
120Costa Rica5,094,118
121Liberia5,057,681
122Ireland4,937,786
123Central African Republic4,829,767
124New Zealand4,822,233
125Mauritania4,649,658
126Panama4,314,767
127Kuwait4,270,571
128Croatia4,105,267
129Moldova4,033,963
130Georgia3,989,167
131Eritrea3,546,421
132Uruguay3,473,730
133Bosnia And Herzegovina3,280,819
134Mongolia3,278,290
135Armenia2,963,243
136Jamaica2,961,167
137Qatar2,881,053
138Albania2,877,797
139Lithuania2,722,289
140Namibia2,540,905
141Gambia2,416,668
142Botswana2,351,627
143Gabon2,225,734
144Lesotho2,142,249
145Macedonia2,083,374
146Slovenia2,078,938
147Guinea Bissau1,968,001
148Latvia1,886,198
149Bahrain1,701,575
150Equatorial Guinea1,402,985
151Trinidad And Tobago1,399,488
152Estonia1,326,535
153Timor Leste1,318,445
154Mauritius1,271,768
155Cyprus1,207,359
156Swaziland1,160,164
157Djibouti988,000
158Fiji896,445
159Comoros869,601
160Guyana786,552
161Bhutan771,608
162Solomon Islands686,884
163Montenegro628,066
164Luxembourg625,978
165Suriname586,632
166Cape Verde555,987
167Maldives540,544
168Malta441,543
169Brunei437,479
170Belize397,628
171Bahamas393,244
172Iceland341,243
173Vanuatu307,145
174Barbados287,375
175Sao Tome And Principe219,159
176Samoa198,414
177Saint Lucia183,627
178Kiribati119,449
179Micronesia115,023
180Grenada112,523
181Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,940
182Tonga105,695
183Seychelles98,347
184Antigua And Barbuda97,929
185Andorra77,265
186Dominica71,986
187Marshall Islands59,190
188Saint Kitts And Nevis53,199
189Monaco39,242
190Liechtenstein38,128
191San Marino33,931
192Palau18,094
193Cook Islands17,564
194Tuvalu11,792
195Nauru10,824
196Niue1,626

Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2020