The Paris Climate Agreement, or simply the Paris Agreement, was an agreement that was drafted during the Paris Climate Conference in Le Bourget, France. This agreement was made within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement was sealed on December 12, 2015 and went into effect on November 4, 2016.
Representatives from 196 countries attended the conference. As of 2019, 196 states plus the European Union have signed. Further, 183 nations and the European Union have ratified the agreement. The main purpose of the Paris Agreement is to fight back against climate change. These nations are working together to keep the temperature of the planet from rising more than 2 degrees Celsuis above preindustrial levels.
Nations that have signed the Paris Agreement have made a pact to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and use green energy sources. Under the accord, a $100 billion fund was established to help developing nations also move to green energy sources.
The nations that have signed the accord are:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union Fiji, Finland, France Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana Haiti, Honduras, Hungary Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy Jamaica, Japan, Jordan Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway Oman Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal Qatar Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam Yemen Zambia, Zimbabwe
Of these nations, all but 13 have signed but have not yet ratified the agreement. Those nations are:
Angola Eritrea Iran Iraq Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Libya Oman Russia South Sudan Suriname Turkey Yemen