Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2021

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The Paris Climate Agreement, or the Paris Agreement, was an agreement that was drafted during the Paris Climate Conference in 2015. This landmark environmental accord was made within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to address climate change and its negative impacts.

At the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC), representatives from 196 countries met in Le Bourget, France, and negotiated the agreement’s language. On December 12, 2015, the accord was adopted by consensus.

Summary of the Paris Climate Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a 32-page document that establishes a framework for global action climate change.

The agreement aims to:

  • Limit global temperature increase by reducing greenhouse gas emissions
  • Provide a framework for transparency, accountability, and achievement of more ambitious targets.
  • Mobilize support for climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing nations.

The Paris Agreement is important because climate change is a threat to the environment and all of humanity.

  • Global warming threatens global weather patterns and can exacerbate natural disasters.
  • Climate change endangers human health.
  • Global warming can only be mitigated by a collective global action.

Hotter temperatures alter global weather patterns, leading to droughts, heatwaves, wildfires, floods, and fierce storms such as hurricanes. When hotter temperatures melt ice caps, glaciers, and permafrost, it causes rising sea levels and coastal erosion. Higher temperatures, extreme weather events, and rising sea levels disturb ecosystems and their migration patterns and life cycles.

Climate change jeopardizes our air, water, and food; spreads disease; and threatens our safety. Every year, wildfires force tens of thousands of people to flee their homes. Millions of acres are destroyed by the flames, taking many families’ homes with them. Climate change means an increase in pollution, which contributes directly to respiratory disease and cardiovascular deaths.

The general scientific view is that any rise in global temperatures of more than 2 degrees Celsius would be catastrophic for the Earth— causing severe natural disasters, a melted Arctic, and possible mass extinctions. When the entire planet is at risk, it takes the whole world to combat climate change. The agreement’s ultimate goal is capping the global warming rise this century to 1.5 degrees Celsius. While the 0.5-degree difference may not seem like a lot, it would dramatically impact low-lying nations and coral reefs.

Cost of the Paris Agreement

Research has shown that the cost of inaction outweighs the cost of reducing carbon pollution. While President Trump claimed that the Paris Agreement would cost the U.S. economy $3 trillion by 2040 and 2.7 million jobs by 2025. However, one study suggest that the U.S. would lose as much as $6 trillion in the coming decades if it didn’t meet its Paris climate goals. Additionally, global GDP would decline by 25% if the world did not meet the goals laid out in the agreement.

Additionally, the clean energy sector in the United States employs about 3 million workers— about 14 times that of the oil, gas, coal, and other fossil fuel industry employment. Further investments into clean, renewable energy industries could create more than 500,000 jobs by 2030.

Paris Climate Agreement Countries

A consensus among world leaders is rare, but with the Paris Agreement, leaders from around the world collectively agreed that climate change is driven by human behavior.

The Paris Climate Agreement was negotiated at the UNFCCC by representatives of 196 countries and was adopted by consensus on December 12, 2015. The accord was signed on April 22, 2016, and became effective as of November 4, 2016.

As of February 2020, all UNFCC members have signed the agreement, and 189 have become parties to it. The signatories that did not become parties are:

Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
1China1,444,216,107
2India1,393,409,038
3United States332,915,073
4Indonesia276,361,783
5Pakistan225,199,937
6Brazil213,993,437
7Nigeria211,400,708
8Bangladesh166,303,498
9Russia145,912,025
10Mexico130,262,216
11Japan126,050,804
12Ethiopia117,876,227
13Philippines111,046,913
14Egypt104,258,327
15Vietnam98,168,833
16Dr Congo92,377,993
17Turkey85,042,738
18Iran85,028,759
19Germany83,900,473
20Thailand69,950,850
21United Kingdom68,207,116
22France65,426,179
23Tanzania61,498,437
24Italy60,367,477
25South Africa60,041,994
26Kenya54,985,698
27Myanmar54,806,012
28South Korea51,305,186
29Colombia51,265,844
30Uganda47,123,531
31Spain46,745,216
32Argentina45,605,826
33Sudan44,909,353
34Algeria44,616,624
35Ukraine43,466,819
36Iraq41,179,350
37Afghanistan39,835,428
38Canada38,067,903
39Poland37,797,005
40Morocco37,344,795
41Saudi Arabia35,340,683
42Uzbekistan33,935,763
43Angola33,933,610
44Peru33,359,418
45Malaysia32,776,194
46Mozambique32,163,047
47Ghana31,732,129
48Yemen30,490,640
49Nepal29,674,920
50Venezuela28,704,954
51Madagascar28,427,328
52Cameroon27,224,265
53Ivory Coast27,053,629
54North Korea25,887,041
55Australia25,788,215
56Niger25,130,817
57Sri Lanka21,497,310
58Burkina Faso21,497,096
59Mali20,855,735
60Malawi19,647,684
61Chile19,212,361
62Romania19,127,774
63Kazakhstan18,994,962
64Zambia18,920,651
65Syria18,275,702
66Guatemala18,249,860
67Ecuador17,888,475
68Senegal17,196,301
69Netherlands17,173,099
70Cambodia16,946,438
71Chad16,914,985
72Somalia16,359,504
73Zimbabwe15,092,171
74Guinea13,497,244
75Rwanda13,276,513
76Benin12,451,040
77Burundi12,255,433
78Tunisia11,935,766
79Bolivia11,832,940
80Belgium11,632,326
81Haiti11,541,685
82South Sudan11,381,378
83Cuba11,317,505
84Dominican Republic10,953,703
85Czech Republic10,724,555
86Greece10,370,744
87Jordan10,269,021
88Azerbaijan10,223,342
89Portugal10,167,925
90Sweden10,160,169
91Honduras10,062,991
92United Arab Emirates9,991,089
93Tajikistan9,749,627
94Hungary9,634,164
95Belarus9,442,862
96Papua New Guinea9,119,010
97Austria9,043,070
98Israel8,789,774
99Switzerland8,715,494
100Serbia8,697,550
101Togo8,478,250
102Sierra Leone8,141,343
103Laos7,379,358
104Paraguay7,219,638
105Libya6,958,532
106Bulgaria6,896,663
107Lebanon6,769,146
108Nicaragua6,702,385
109Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
110El Salvador6,518,499
111Turkmenistan6,117,924
112Singapore5,896,686
113Denmark5,813,298
114Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
115Finland5,548,360
116Norway5,465,630
117Slovakia5,460,721
118Oman5,223,375
119Palestine5,222,748
120Liberia5,180,203
121Costa Rica5,139,052
122Ireland4,982,907
123Central African Republic4,919,981
124New Zealand4,860,643
125Mauritania4,775,119
126Panama4,381,579
127Kuwait4,328,550
128Croatia4,081,651
129Moldova4,024,019
130Georgia3,979,765
131Eritrea3,601,467
132Uruguay3,485,151
133Mongolia3,329,289
134Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
135Jamaica2,973,463
136Armenia2,968,127
137Qatar2,930,528
138Albania2,872,933
139Lithuania2,689,862
140Namibia2,587,344
141Gambia2,486,945
142Botswana2,397,241
143Gabon2,278,825
144Lesotho2,159,079
145Slovenia2,078,724
146Guinea Bissau2,015,494
147Latvia1,866,942
148Bahrain1,748,296
149Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
150Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
151Timor Leste1,343,873
152Estonia1,325,185
153Mauritius1,273,433
154Cyprus1,215,584
155Eswatini1,172,362
156Djibouti1,002,187
157Fiji902,906
158Comoros888,451
159Guyana790,326
160Bhutan779,898
161Solomon Islands703,996
162Luxembourg634,814
163Montenegro628,053
164Suriname591,800
165Cape Verde561,898
166Maldives543,617
167Malta442,784
168Brunei441,532
169Belize404,914
170Bahamas396,913
171Iceland343,353
172Vanuatu314,464
173Barbados287,711
174Sao Tome And Principe223,368
175Samoa200,149
176Saint Lucia184,400
177Kiribati121,392
178Micronesia116,254
179Grenada113,021
180Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
181Tonga106,760
182Seychelles98,908
183Antigua And Barbuda98,731
184Andorra77,355
185Dominica72,167
186Marshall Islands59,610
187Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
188Monaco39,511
189Liechtenstein38,250
190San Marino34,017
191Palau18,169
192Cook Islands17,565
193Tuvalu11,931
194Nauru10,876
195Niue1,619

Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2021