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# of Snake Species

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Snake Population by Country 2024

You can find over 3,500 species of snakes in the world. Only 600 of that 3,500 are venomous, and only 200 species out of those are capable of seriously harming or killing a human.

Snakes are reclusive by nature, so it's hard to get an exact number on the overall population. But there are a lot of snakes out there.

Because of the fertile breeding ground of the rainforest, Brazil has the largest snake population, with over 400 species.

The most well-known Brazilian snake is the anaconda. While nonpoisonous anacondas crush their prey before eating. The boa constrictor and emerald green boa both live in the rainforest of South America alongside the anaconda.

When it comes to venomous snakes, Brazil has its share of those, too, with fer-de-lance and coral snakes.

Mexico is right up there with Brazil, with over 380 species of snakes, including the poisonous rattlesnake, vipers, coral snakes, and sea snakes.

In the United States, there are approximately 50 species of snakes, including the venomous timber and Massasauga rattlesnake. While there are plenty of nonpoisonous snakes like the corn snake, common garter snake, and black racer, of the 50 species in the US, 30 species are venomous.

If you have a snake phobia, New Zealand is one of the countries in the world that doesn't have a snake population. Ireland, Iceland, Greenland, Antarctica, and the tiny Pacific islands like Kiribati are also all snake-free.

The most dangerous snake in the world is the saw-scaled viper, which can be found in Africa and Asia, including parts of the Middle East. It said that the saw-scaled viper kills up to 50,000 people a year, making it the number on the most venomous list.

Snakes often face extermination due to their perceived threat, but all snakes play a vital role in ecosystems.

Download Table Data

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Country
# of Snake Species
# of Reptile Species
Mexico438957
Brazil420814
Indonesia376755
India305689
Colombia301601
China246490
Ecuador241478
Vietnam226479
Malaysia216486
Australia2151078
Thailand213437
Peru211495
Venezuela197409
DR Congo188317
United States178530
Myanmar177337
Bolivia174315
Tanzania166359
Panama151278
Cameroon149292
Honduras147280
Costa Rica146263
Guatemala142275
Kenya138280
Philippines133350
Central African Republic129205
Argentina128447
Nigeria126203
Papua New Guinea122289
Laos120181
Paraguay119189
Angola118280
South Africa115447
Ghana112182
Suriname111158
Guinea108612
Republic of the Congo108352
Sri Lanka105230
Nicaragua105198
Uganda104175
Ivory Coast103153
Cambodia102192
Madagascar101434
Guyana101185
French Guiana100168
Zambia96187
Mozambique95225
Togo95159
Bangladesh94136
Ethiopia92242
Somalia92239
Namibia88275
Iran86332
South Sudan8521
Zimbabwe82190
Brunei8228
Singapore79125
Liberia77105
Benin76135
Pakistan75208
Nepal72148
Sierra Leone7298
Gabon71139
Malawi70125
Rwanda7081
Chad6991
Mali68356
Equatorial Guinea6874
Senegal65129
Bhutan6565
Belize65144
Botswana64159
Sudan61194
Eswatini61102
Taiwan60118
Burkina Faso5981
Burundi5966
El Salvador59154
Turkey57150
Niger52100
Trinidad and Tobago52118
Russia4689
Israel45106
Guinea Bissau4469
Iraq42116
Gambia4293
Japan4198
Syria40101
Cuba40175
Jordan39115
Egypt38114
Eritrea3897
Uruguay3880
Saudi Arabia37107
Mauritania3493
Algeria31107
Turkmenistan3189
Afghanistan30112
Yemen30112
Morocco29109
Azerbaijan2965
Oman29108
Tunisia2674
Haiti26123
Canada2554
Dominican Republic24124
Italy2360
Lebanon2357
Georgia23154
Greece2275
United Arab Emirates2274
Armenia2253
Kazakhstan2153
Libya2067
Uzbekistan1961
Solomon Islands1999
Djibouti1836
Western Sahara1865
New Caledonia18131
Tajikistan1749
Albania1741
Lesotho1720
Bulgaria1640
Croatia1641
Macau162
South Korea1512
Montenegro1522
North Korea148
Bahamas1446
France13189
Spain1375
Kuwait1336
Puerto Rico1372
Bosnia and Herzegovina131
Slovenia1324
Kyrgyzstan1255
Ukraine1123
Romania1124
Qatar1125
Cyprus1130
Portugal1044
Switzerland1018
Serbia1020
Mongolia1033
Bahrain911
Cayman Islands9198
Moldova814
Jamaica850
Fiji843
Germany716
Chile7150
Hungary717
Vanuatu738
Sao Tome and Principe73
Gibraltar715
British Virgin Islands736
Austria616
San Marino61
Palau635
Poland512
Czech Republic513
Slovakia514
Saint Lucia53
Tonga526
Seychelles536
American Samoa53
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5
New Zealand473
Maldives410
Guadeloupe433
Grenada431
Micronesia440
United States Virgin Islands436
Andorra48
Dominica419
Turks and Caicos Islands46
United Kingdom35
Netherlands318
Belgium310
Sweden37
Belarus37
Finland36
Norway39
Lithuania38
Estonia36
Comoros38
French Polynesia38
Kiribati33
Liechtenstein31
Denmark26
Mauritius232
Luxembourg25
Malta210
Martinique230
Mayotte220
Barbados212
Curacao2
Aruba213
Antigua and Barbuda24
Northern Mariana Islands22
Marshall Islands28
Tuvalu26
Wallis and Futuna2
Montserrat212
Niue24
Latvia17
Guam121
Saint Kitts and Nevis11
Monaco13
Cook Islands116
Anguilla120
Nauru110
Hong Kong75
Ireland18
North Macedonia35
Timor Leste29
Reunion17
Cape Verde29
Iceland1
Samoa22
Bermuda10
Tokelau4
showing: 222 rows

Sources