Egypt Population 2020

101,861,992

Egypt, known officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country which spans the southwest corner of Asia and the northeast corner of Africa. This is made possible through a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of Egypt is located in North Africa. It is bordered by both land and sea: the Mediterranean is to its North, Israel and the Gaza Strip to the Northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to its East, the Red Sea to the East and South, Libya to the West and Sudan to the South.

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. With a 2020 estimated population of 102.33 million, Egypt ranks 14th in the world. This is up from the last official census figure of 72.7 million in 2006.

Egypt Area and Population Density

Cairo alone, which is the capital city of Egypt, has a population of around 10.902 million people (according to estimations made in 2009). The population density of Egypt as a whole is 84 people per square kilometer (218/square mile), with Cairo having the heaviest density at 46,349 per kilometer square. Overall, Egypt ranks 126th in the world in terms of population density.

Largest Cities in Egypt

After Nigeria and Ethiopia, Egypt is the most populated country on the African continent. A majority of the population lives near the banks of the Nile River, which amasses an area of 40,000 square kilometers. This area is the only arable land found in the country. The three largest cities of the country are Cairo, Alexandria, and Giza.

Egypt Demographics

Ethnic Egyptians account for 91% of the total population. The largest ethnic minorities include the Turks, Greeks, Abazas, and Bedouin Arab tribes in the Sinai Peninsula and the deserts to the east, as well as the Siwis in the Siwa Oasis and the Nubian people along the Nile.

The official language is Arabic, while other widely understood and spoken languages by the upper classes include English and French.

Approximately 2.7 million Egyptians are found living abroad, as estimated by the International Organization for Migration. These include the Arab countries, like Saudi Arabia, Libya, Jordan and Kuwait, where 70% of the Egyptian immigrants reside. The rest of the 30% inhabit Europe and North America (90,000 in Italy, 110,000 in Canada and 318,000 in the United States). Constituting 91%, Ethnic Egyptians are the leading group of Egypt’s population.

Egypt Religion, Economy and Politics

Life expectancy at birth in Egypt in 2012 was estimated at 72.93 years for the total population, with 70.33 years for the male population, and 75.66 years for the female population. The birth rate was of 24.22 births for 1000 people, and the death rate of 4.8 deaths for 1000 people.

In 2018, the median age of the population reached 23.9 years, with a total life expectancy of 73 years, according to the World Factbook. We can see a slow, but seemingly consistent improvement in this area as time passes.

According to estimates made in 2012, middle-aged people of 25 to 54 years dominate the age structure at 38.1%, with the least being from 65 years and above at 4.7%. Sex ratio in 2011 was calculated as: at birth (1.05 males/females), under 15 years (1.05 males/females), from 15 to 64 years (1.03 males/females) and 65 years and above (0.82 males/females).

As of 2017 estimates, this population age structure is now at 37.6% 25-54 years of age, 4.22% for 65 plus years of age, and a staggering 52.23 % of the population is under the age of 25. That's a slight increase in the working age population and a slight decrease in the elderly population.

Total education expenditures in 2008 constituted 3.8% of GDP, while health expenditures made in 2009 amounted 6.4% of GDP). In 2012, net migration was -0.2 migrants for 1000 people. The literacy rate calculated in 2010 gave a figure of 72% of the total population; 63.5% females and 80.3% males.

In 2010, Egypt’s urban population constituted 43.4% of its urban population. Currently, the rate of urbanization is 2.1% at an annual rate of change. 99.6% of the total population’s ethnicity was Egyptian, while others amounted to 0.4% in the 2006 census. The dominating religion in the country is that of Islam at 90% (mostly Sunnis); Christianity is at 10% while Judaism is practiced by fewer than 200 people. The Bahai community of fewer than 2000 individuals is not even recognized by the government.

Egypt Population History

From 1970 to 2010, there was a population boom due to advancements in agricultural productivity and medical fields, which were made possible due to [the Green Revolution](https://www.jpost.com/Jerusalem-Report/The-Region/Egypts-other-green-revolution). When Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt in 1798, the country’s population amounted to only 3 million. Over the years, the population has increased and decreased, due to erratic fluctuation patterns.

The population growth rate during every five years is given as: 1980 to 1985 was estimated at 2.39%, 1985 to 1990 at 2.30%, 1990 to 1995 at 1.76%, 1995 to 2000 at 1.72%, 2000 to 2005 at 1.85% and during 2005 to 2010 at 1.78%. Life expectancy at birth rose by 14.7 years from the period 1980 to 1985, to the period 2005 to 2010, increasing from 57.6 years to 72.3 years. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 101.1 infant deaths per 1000 live births; however this number has been decreasing as the years have progressed. In 2018, the infant mortality rate is at 19 deaths per 1000 live births.

Egypt Population Growth

Estimates made in 2012 predicted the population growth rate to be 1.922%, and a fertility rate of 2.94 children born per woman, the latter in line with South Asian and Middle Eastern averages. Besides these factors contributing to growth rate, there has been a general boom in population immigration and medical advances, although the recent political and military conflicts have caused a negative growth rate.

Egypt Population Projections

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. This is true to the extent that, though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen in the previous years. This can be proved by statistics that show a decrease from 7.2 children per woman in the early 1960’s to 3.4 children per woman in 1998. This rate has maintained itself even twenty years later, where it stands at 3.47 children per woman in 2018.

There is no doubt about the fact that Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 123.5 million in 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 12 seconds
One death every 54 seconds
One net migrant every 14 minutes
Net gain of one person every 16 seconds

Egypt Population in 2018Source: By Ricardo Liberato (All Gizah Pyramids) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Egypt Population Pyramid 2020

Egypt Population by Age

There are 61,204,916 adults in Egypt.

Census Years

Year Date
2016November 2016
200611 December 2006
199619 November 1996
198618 November 1986

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. Though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen from 6.62 children per woman in the early 1950's to 2.98 children per woman in 2010. Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 121.8 million in 2050.

Official NameArab Republic of Egypt
Languages SpokenArabic
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude27.00, 30.00
Currencies UsedEgypt Pound
DemonymEgyptian
BordersIsrael
Libya
Sudan
Name Population Location
Cairo7,734,614Map
Alexandria3,811,516Map
Giza2,443,203Map
Port Said538,378Map
Suez488,125Map
Al Mahallah al Kubra431,052Map
Luxor422,407Map
Asyut420,585Map
Al Mansurah420,195Map
Tanda404,901Map
Al Fayyum306,393Map
Zagazig285,097Map
Ismailia284,813Map
Kafr ad Dawwar267,370Map
Aswan241,261Map
Qina235,362Map
Halwan230,000Map
Damanhur227,943Map
Al Minya227,150Map
Idku210,678Map

Egypt Population Clock

The population of Egypt (as of 4/2/2020)?101,861,992
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)102,334,404
Births Per Day7,017
Deaths Per Day1,603
Net Migrations Per Day-106
Net Change Per Day5,308
Population Change Since January 1st493,644

Egypt Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 101,859,819

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020102,334,40450.52%49.48%102.08141.94%
2019100,388,07350.53%49.47%100.14142.00%
201898,423,59850.53%49.47%98.18142.05%
201796,442,59150.53%49.47%96.21142.11%
201694,447,07350.54%49.46%94.22142.17%
201592,442,54750.54%49.46%92.22152.24%
201082,761,23550.51%49.49%82.56151.85%
200575,523,56950.44%49.56%75.34161.87%
200068,831,56150.34%49.66%68.66152.00%
199562,334,03450.36%49.64%62.18152.12%
199056,134,47550.25%49.75%56.00202.65%
198549,258,73250.30%49.70%49.14202.61%
198043,309,06350.56%49.44%43.20212.36%
197538,549,14250.68%49.32%38.45212.24%
197034,513,85050.79%49.21%34.43212.55%
196530,433,02250.89%49.11%30.36232.70%
196026,632,89450.88%49.12%26.57222.78%
195523,223,12450.85%49.15%23.17222.57%
195020,451,97850.76%49.24%20.40220.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020102,334,40450.52%49.48%102.08140.00%
2025111,727,82250.51%49.49%111.45141.77%
2030120,831,55750.49%49.51%120.54131.58%
2035130,340,36450.46%49.54%130.02131.53%
2040140,350,38150.43%49.57%140.01121.49%
2045150,355,05350.41%49.59%149.99121.39%
2050159,956,80850.40%49.60%159.57111.25%
2055168,984,27650.39%49.61%168.57111.10%
2060177,538,30950.38%49.62%177.10110.99%
2065185,665,11450.39%49.61%185.21110.90%
2070193,262,75750.40%49.60%192.79100.81%
2075200,232,53950.43%49.57%199.74110.71%
2080206,564,94350.46%49.54%206.06100.62%
2085212,257,14250.49%49.51%211.74100.55%
2090217,249,92950.52%49.48%216.72100.47%
2095221,436,72050.55%49.45%220.90100.38%
  1. Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS)
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1960, 1976, 1986, 1996 and 2006 censuses, with 2014 official estimates, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer