Peru Population 2020 (Live)

32,973,014

Peru’s population is currently 32.97 million people, which is expected to surpass 40 million in 2048. Peru’s population is projected to continue to grow until reaching its peak in 2066 of 41.62 million.

Peru’s population growth rate is 1.42% thanks to positive net migration and a fertility rate of 2.27 births per woman. Additionally, Peru’s high fertility rates in past decades (3 to 7 births per woman) have led to the natural increase of the population as well. The country’s rate of natural increase, however, has declined as well. These factors will eventually lead to Peru’s population peaking and then declining after 2068, shrinking down to 39.28 million people by the end of the century.

The current population of Peru is 32,973,014, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 32,971,854.

Peru Growth Rate

Peru Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Lima7,737,002
Arequipa841,130
Callao813,264
Trujillo747,450
Chiclayo577,375
Iquitos437,620
Huancayo376,657
Piura325,466
Chimbote316,966
Cusco312,140

Peru Area and Population Density

Based on the latest figures, Peru's 2018 population is estimated at {pop}. Its current population density is just 25 people per square kilometer (or 57/square mile), which makes it the 182nd most densely populated country.

Largest Cities in Peru

The largest city in Peru is its capital city, Lima. It is home to more than a quarter of Peruvians and the country's largest city by far with a population of over 8 million. Additional large cities in Peru include Arequipa, Callao, and Trujillo.

The city of Lima proper is, according to 2016 estimates, home to 8,852,000 people. This makes it the 20th largest city in the world, equivalent more or less to London.

Lima's wider metropolitan area is home to 9,886,866 people, making it the fourth largest in South America. The only larger cities are Sao Paolo (Brazil, 21 million), Buenos Aires (Argentina, 13.6 million) and Rio de Janeiro (Brazil, 12.2 million).

Peru Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202032,971,8541.42%25.7643184
201932,510,4531.63%25.4043185
201831,989,2601.73%24.9943186
201731,444,2981.68%24.5743186
201630,926,0321.49%24.1643186
201530,470,7340.97%23.8143186
201029,027,6740.82%22.6841187
200527,866,1451.04%21.7738186
200026,459,9441.72%20.6738186
199524,299,1601.94%18.9837184
199022,071,4332.22%17.2438184
198519,772,8722.42%15.4538187
198017,547,6102.61%13.7138186
197515,424,7442.76%12.0539186
197013,459,7942.82%10.5239188
196511,711,3922.89%9.1540188
196010,155,0152.77%7.9340188
19558,858,3892.64%6.9244188
19507,777,4460.00%6.0845189

Peru Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202032,971,8541.42%25.7643184
202534,517,4950.92%26.9745188
203036,030,5920.86%28.1548187
203537,387,9600.74%29.2151188
204038,552,1060.61%30.1250187
204539,551,2590.51%30.9050188
205040,373,9870.41%31.5452189
205541,000,2200.31%32.0354191
206041,410,4820.20%32.3554190
206541,604,4830.09%32.5055191
207041,590,539-0.01%32.4955191
207541,408,782-0.09%32.3555191
208041,096,675-0.15%32.1156191
208540,697,442-0.19%31.7958190
209040,237,412-0.23%31.4459190
209539,726,624-0.26%31.0459191

Peru Population by Year (Projections)

Peru Population Pyramid 2020

Peru Population by Age

There are 22,811,481 adults in Peru.

Peru Population Pyramid

Peru’s population is currently 32.97 million people, which is expected to surpass 40 million in 2048. Peru’s population is projected to continue to grow until reaching its peak in 2066 of 41.62 million.

Peru’s population growth rate is 1.42% thanks to positive net migration and a fertility rate of 2.27 births per woman. Additionally, Peru’s high fertility rates in past decades (3 to 7 births per woman) have led to the natural increase of the population as well. The country’s rate of natural increase, however, has declined as well. These factors will eventually lead to Peru’s population peaking and then declining after 2068, shrinking down to 39.28 million people by the end of the century.

About Peru

  1. National Statistical Office (INEI)
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1961, 1972, 1981, 1993, 2005, and 2007 censuses, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer