Saudi Arabia Population 2020

34,675,832

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is the second largest Arab state (the first is Algeria) and comprises the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Jordan and Iraq are on its northern border; Kuwait on its northeast; Bahrain, Qatar and United Arab Emirates to the east; Yemen to its south; Oman to its southeast; and the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea to its east. The population of the country is estimated to be around 34.81 million in 2020, which ranks 41st in the world.

This country is also reported to have between 3 and 5 million illegal immigrants residing within its borders at any given time. Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of the religion of Islam, which is one of the largest religions in the world. It is also sometimes referred to as “The Land of Two Holy Mosques.” This is because of the two holiest mosques in Islam, the Masjid-e-Nabwi in Medina and the Masjid-al-Haram in Mecca. These features ensure that country additionally receives a large annual number of visiting foreigners who are Muslims every year for the Islamic practices of Haj and Umrah, which are among the five pillars of Islam and must be conducted at least once in a lifetime.

Saudi Arabia Area and Population Density

The surface area in Saudi Arabia comes to a total of 829,999.94 square miles, or 2,149,690 square kilometers. In combination with the total population within the country, this comes to an approximate population density of 15.61 individuals per square kilometer, or approximately 6 people per square mile.

Largest Cities in Saudi Arabia

83.33% of Saudi Arabia's population live in urban areas, meaning that there are several sizable cities. The capital, Riyadh, is the largest by over 2 million people with a population of 6,506,700, and the second largest city is Jeddah with 3,976,400 citizens. The sacred city of Mecca, as well as Medina, Hofuf, and Ta'if all have populations between one and two million.

Saudi Arabia Demographics

The population is divided among different age groups. The 0-14 age group contains the median amount of the population, comprising 32.4% of the total. The middle age group of 15-64 makes up the greatest share of the total population - about 64.8%. The 65+ age group comprises 2.8% of the total population.

The sex ratio at the time of birth is 1.05 males per female. For the under-15 age group, this ratio is 1.05 males per female; for the 15-64 age group, it is 1.03 males per female; and for the 65+ age group, it is 1.03 males per female. For the total population, the mean ratio is 1.21 males per female.

The only language officially recognized here is Arabic.

Saudi Arabia Religion, Economy and Politics

Although the government does not hold any census on religion, there is evidence that the country is 100% Muslim. There have been estimates which indicate that the majority are of the Sunni branch of Islam, at 85-90%. The other major Islam group is the Shiites, who comprise the remaining 10-15% of the community. The World Factbook gives similar estimated statistics (Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh)), and also notes that "...most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013)."

The country has the second largest oil reserves in the world, which account for about 70% of the government’s revenue and 95% of its exports every year. It also has the fourth largest natural gas reserves. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the whole world which has a law prohibiting the women of the country to drive.

The birth rate in Saudi Arabia is 18.51 births per 1000 people, and the total fertility rate is 2.17 children born per woman. This was an estimate calculated through the results of the census held in 2012. The number of births and deaths per year has been increasing over the past years. Current figures indicate 569,000 births per year and 98,000 deaths per year.

The current median age in Saudi Arabia is 27.5 years of age with a full life expectancy of 75.5 years of age. This is likely influenced by the high performance of improved drinking water and sanitation facility access in the country, as well as a 4.7% GDP expenditure on the health care sector. This has given the country the physician density of 2.57 physicians per 1,000 Saudi Arabian individuals and 2.7 beds available per 1,000 residents.

Saudi Arabia Population History

The population has been rising significantly over the years. According to a census held many years ago, the population was about 3,121,000. It then underwent a 29.5% increase and jumped up to 4,041,000 in 1960. This growth rate then increased greatly during the next 10 years. By 1980, the population had become 9,801,000 (an increase of 69.8%) and had grown to 16,139,000 in 1990 (a 64.7% increase). At this point, the government realized how drastically their country was becoming overcrowded and started implementing laws to control population growth. As a result, the population only grew by 24.2% in the next decade, with the total number counted at 20,045,000 in 2000. This rate further decreased by 6.4%, with the total population adding up to 29,195,895.

Saudi Arabia Population Growth

According to the census held in 2012, the population of the country was estimated to be 29,195,895 - the 43rd largest in the world. But the recent estimates for 2016 indicate the total population has grown to over 31 million. Riyadh, which is the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and also the largest city in the kingdom, is home to over 7 million people. This accounts for over 22% of the population of the whole country.

The population of Saudi Arabia has a growth rate of 1.49%, which is the latest 2014 estimate. This is the 80th highest growth rate of the entire world. The country’s population includes approximately 9 million non-nationals who live in the country legally for work or other purposes. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia does not provide residency to any foreigners. They are only given visas for their stay in the country but then have to leave when the visa expires if it is not renewed.

Saudi Arabia Population Projections

The population of Saudi Arabia is expected to continue to grow into the foreseeable future, but not at the astronomical rate of the 60s-80s. It is predicted that the rate will peak for a while in 2020 at 1.92%, before slowing to 0.46% by 2050. The current forecasts say that the population will be 34,709,640 in 2020 and 39,480,349 in 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 54 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 5 minutes
Net gain of one person every 56 seconds

Saudi Arabia Population in 2018Source: By B.alotaby [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Saudi Arabia Population Pyramid 2020

Saudi Arabia Population by Age

There are 24,400,275 adults in Saudi Arabia.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
201012 May 2010
200415 September 2004
199227 September 1992

The population is expected to rise in the future. It is likely to reach 39.1 million by the end 2030, and is predicted to reach 47.7 million by 2060. The growth rate, though, is expected to decrease. According to the forecast, the growth rate of Saudi Arabia’s population is likely to decrease to 1.09 by the year 2030, and further fall to 0.277 during the next 30 years, by the year 2060.

Official NameKingdom of Saudi Arabia
Languages SpokenArabic
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude25.00, 45.00
Currencies UsedSaudi Arabia Riyal
DemonymSaudi Arabian
BordersIraq
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Name Population Location
Riyadh4,205,961Map
Jeddah2,867,446Map
Mecca1,323,624Map
Medina1,300,000Map
Sultanah946,697Map
Dammam768,602Map
Ta'if530,848Map
Tabuk455,450Map
Al Kharj425,300Map
Buraydah391,336Map
Khamis Mushait387,553Map
Al Hufuf293,179Map
Al Mubarraz290,802Map
Hafar Al-Batin271,642Map
Ha'il267,005Map
Najran258,573Map
Al Jubayl237,274Map
Abha210,886Map
Yanbu200,161Map
Khobar165,799Map

Saudi Arabia Population Clock

The population of Saudi Arabia (as of 4/2/2020)?34,675,832
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)34,813,871
Births Per Day1,605
Deaths Per Day335
Net Migrations Per Day281
Net Change Per Day1,551
Population Change Since January 1st144,243

Saudi Arabia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 34,680,897

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202034,813,87157.83%42.17%16.19411.59%
201934,268,52857.73%42.27%15.94411.68%
201833,702,75657.55%42.45%15.68411.82%
201733,101,17957.32%42.68%15.40412.03%
201632,443,44757.09%42.91%15.09412.29%
201531,717,66756.88%43.12%14.75412.95%
201027,421,46156.26%43.74%12.76452.86%
200523,816,18355.68%44.32%11.08472.88%
200020,663,84354.44%45.56%9.61492.08%
199518,638,78755.45%44.55%8.67482.80%
199016,233,78555.98%44.02%7.55514.35%
198513,118,99354.88%45.12%6.10526.24%
19809,691,47653.59%46.41%4.51615.49%
19757,419,49352.00%48.00%3.45714.92%
19705,836,38950.91%49.09%2.71763.80%
19654,843,63550.46%49.54%2.25783.46%
19604,086,53950.22%49.78%1.90832.81%
19553,558,15550.44%49.56%1.66842.65%
19503,121,33550.75%49.25%1.45850.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202034,813,87157.83%42.17%16.19410.00%
202537,248,91957.39%42.61%17.33421.36%
203039,322,33857.00%43.00%18.29421.09%
203541,073,37456.61%43.39%19.11430.88%
204042,473,03156.10%43.90%19.76450.67%
204543,648,83855.57%44.43%20.30470.55%
205044,562,47655.04%44.96%20.73460.42%
205545,134,32854.54%45.46%21.00470.26%
206045,348,76754.12%45.88%21.10480.09%
206545,254,19053.78%46.22%21.0550-0.04%
207044,966,46253.53%46.47%20.9252-0.13%
207544,600,60353.33%46.67%20.7552-0.16%
208044,214,17253.18%46.82%20.5751-0.17%
208543,811,26853.03%46.97%20.3852-0.18%
209043,361,55352.88%47.12%20.1752-0.21%
209542,836,71952.74%47.26%19.9355-0.24%
  1. General Authority for Statistics
  2. General Authority for Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1974, 1992, 2004 and 2010 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official population estimates for 2005, 2009, 2012, 2015 and 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Due to fluctuations in the reported data, priority was given to the estimates of certain years.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer